R. Lyle Skains (Bournemouth University, UK)
Jennifer A. Rudd (Swansea University, UK)
Carmen Casaliggi (Cardiff Metropolitan University, UK)
Emma J. Hayhurst (University of South Wales, UK)
Ruth Horry (Swansea University, UK)
Helen Ross (Helen's Place, UK)
Kate Woodward (Aberystwyth University, UK)

Using Interactive Digital Narrative in Science and Health Education

ISBN: 978-1-83909-761-4, eISBN: 978-1-83909-760-7

Publication date: 24 May 2021


Skains, R.L., Rudd, J.A., Casaliggi, C., Hayhurst, E.J., Horry, R., Ross, H. and Woodward, K. (2021), "References", Using Interactive Digital Narrative in Science and Health Education, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 117-132.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021 Lyle Skains, Jennifer A. Rudd, Carmen Casaliggi, Emma J. Hayhurst, Ruth Horry, Helen Ross and Kate Woodward. Published under exclusive license by Emerald Publishing Limited

roseslug, 2018a roseslug . (2018a). r/twinegames - importing data from Google sheets for array in twine (sugarcube 2)? [online] Reddit. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 18, 2020.

roseslug, 2018b roseslug . (2018b). Sugarcube 2.21 - SOLVED! Pull in array to game from Google Sheet? [online] Twine Q&A. Retrieved from Accessed on August 18, 2020.

350. org, 2019 . (2019). 7.6 million people demand action after week of climate strikes. [online] Retrieved from Accessed on March 25, 2020.

Albertalli, 2015 Albertalli, B. (2015). Simon vs. the Homo Sapiens Agenda. London: Penguin.

Alejo, 2016 Alejo, K. (2016). The CSI effect: Fact or fiction? Themis: Research Journal of Justice Studies and Forensic Science, 4, Article 1, 22.

Anbar, 1973 Anbar, M. (1973). The ‘bridge scientist’ and his role. Research and Development, 24(7), 3034.

Anderson, 2006 Anderson, C. (2006). The long tail: Why the future of business is selling less of more. London: Hachette.

Anon, 2013 Anon . (2013). Welsh crucible. [online] Welsh Crucible. Retrieved from Accessed on September 8, 2020.

Anon, 2020 Anon . (2020). Veganuary. [online]. Retrieved from . Accessed on March 25, 2020.

Ardoin et al., 2018 Ardoin, N. M., Bowers, A. W., Roth, N. W., & Holthuis, N. (2018). Environmental education and K-12 student outcomes: A review and analysis of research. The Journal of Environmental Education, 49(1), 117.

Ashiru-Oredope and Hopkins, 2015 Ashiru-Oredope, D. , & Hopkins, S. (2015). Antimicrobial resistance: Moving from professional engagement to public action. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 70(11), 29272930.

Ashworth et al., 2016 Ashworth, M., White, P., Jongsma, H., Schofield, P., & Armstrong, D . (2016). Antibiotic prescribing and patient satisfaction in primary care in England: Cross-sectional analysis of national patient survey data and prescribing data. British Journal of General Practice, 66(642), e40e46.

Bacigalupi, 2010 Bacigalupi, P. (2010). Ship breaker. London: Hachette.

Barker, 1995 Barker, R. L. (1995). The social work dictionary. Washington, DC: National Association of Social Workers, NASW Press.

Barnard, 1990 Barnard, H. (1990). Bourdieu and ethnography: Reflexivity, politics and praxis. In R. Harker , C. Mahar , & C. Wilkes (Eds.), An introduction to the work of Pierre Bourdieu: The practice of theory (pp. 5885). London: Palgrave.

Barry et al., 2008 Barry, A. , Born, G. , & Weszkalnys, G. (2008). Logics of interdisciplinarity. Economy and Society, 37(1), 2049.

Bauer, 1990 Bauer, H. H. (1990). Barriers against interdisciplinarity: Implications for studies of science, technology, and society (STS). Science, Technology & Human Values, 15(1), 105119.

Baum, 1900 Baum, F. L. (1900). The wonderful wizard of oz. Chicago, IL: George M. Hill Company.

Beder, 2014 Beder, S. (2014). Lobbying, greenwash and deliberate confusion: How vested interests undermine climate change. In M.-C. T. Huang & R. R.-C. Huang (Eds.), Green thoughts and environmental politics: Green trends and environmental politics (pp. 18). Taipei: Asia-seok Digital Technology.

Bell et al., 2010 Bell, A., Ensslin, A., Ciccoricco, D., Rustad, H., Laccetti, J., & Pressman, J. (2010). A [S]creed for digital fiction. Electronic Book Review. [online]. Retrieved from

Berners-Lee, 2008 Berners-Lee, M. (2008). How bad are bananas?: The carbon footprint of everything. London: Profile Books Ltd.

Bhattacharya et al., 2017 Bhattacharya, A., Hopkins, S., Sallis, A., Budd, E. L., & Ashiru-Oredope, D . (2017). A process evaluation of the UK-wide antibiotic guardian campaign: Developing engagement on antimicrobial resistance. Journal of Public Health, 39(2), e40e47.

Blue Planet II, 2017 Blue Planet II . (2017). [Documentary series] Blue Planet II . UK: BBC.

Bolton et al., 2006 Bolton, G. , Field, V. , & Thompson, K. (2006). Introduction. In G. Bolton , V. Field , & K. Thompson (Eds.), Writing works: A resource handbook for therapeutic writing workshops and activities (pp. 1332). London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers, Ltd.

Bouman, 2016 Bouman, M. (2016). Amusing ourselves to health and happiness: Entertainment media and social change.

Bourdieu, 1977 Bourdieu, P. (1977). Outline of a theory of practice. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Bourdieu, 1984 Bourdieu, P. (1984). Distinction: A social critique of the judgement of taste (Reprint1984 ed. Translated by R. Nice). Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Boyd, 2009 Boyd, B. (2009). On the origin of stories: Evolution, cognition, and fiction. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Bracken (Née Bull) and Oughton, 2006 Bracken (Née Bull), L. J. , & Oughton, E. A. (2006). ‘What do you mean?’ the importance of language in developing interdisciplinary research. Transactions of the Institute of British Geographers, 31(3), 371382.

Brandt, 1992 Brandt, D. (1992). The cognitive as the social: An ethnomethodological approach to writing process research. Written Communication, 9(3), 315355.

Brewer, 1999 Brewer, G. D. (1999). The challenges of interdisciplinarity. Policy Sciences, 32(4), 327337.

Brinsley et al., 2005 Brinsley, K. , Sinkowitz-Cochran R. , Cardo D. , & The CDC Campaign to Prevent Antimicrobial Resistance Team . (2005). An assessment of issues surrounding implementation of the campaign to prevent antimicrobial resistance in healthcare settings. American Journal of Infection Control, 33(7), 402409.

Bromme, 2000 Bromme, R. (2000). Beyond one's own perspective: The psychology of cognitive interdisciplinarity. In P. Weingart & N. Stehr (Eds.), Practicing interdisciplinarity (pp. 115133). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Brown and Adler, 2008 Brown, J. S. , & Adler, R. P. (2008). Minds on fire: Open education, the long tail, and learning 2.0. EDUCAUSE Review, 43(1), 1632.

Cai et al., 2006 Cai, Y., Lu, B., Fan, Z., Indhumathi, C., Lim, K. T., Chan, C. W., Jiang, Y., & Li, L . (2006). Bio-edutainment: Learning life science through X gaming. Computers & Graphics, 30(1), 39.

Cantell et al., 2019 Cantell, H., Tolppanen, S., Aarnio-Linnanvuori, E., & Lehtonen, A . (2019). Bicycle model on climate change education: Presenting and evaluating a model. Environmental Education Research, 25(5), 717731.

Cazden et al., 1996 Cazden, C., Cope, B., Fairclough, N., Gee, J., Kalantzis, M., Kress, G., … Nakata, N. M. (1996). A pedagogy of multiliteracies: Designing social futures. Harvard Educational Review, 66(1), 60.

Chaintarli et al., 2016 Chaintarli, K., Ingle, S. M., Bhattacharya, A., Ashiru-Oredope, D., Oliver, I., & Gobin, M . (2016). Impact of a United Kingdom-wide campaign to tackle antimicrobial resistance on self-reported knowledge and behaviour change. BMC Public Health, 16(1), 393.

Chambers and Macauley, 2015 Chambers, A. C. , & Macauley, W. R. (2015). Stories about science: Communicating science through entertainment media. [online]. British Science Association. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 21, 2020.

Charsky, 2010 Charsky, D. (2010). From edutainment to serious games: A change in the use of game characteristics. Games and Culture, 5(2), 177198.

Cheng et al., 2015 Cheng, M.-T. , Chen, J.-H. , Chu, S.-J. , & Chen, S.-Y. (2015). The use of serious games in science education: A review of selected empirical research from 2002 to 2013. Journal of Computers in Education, 2(3), 353375.

Chettiparamb, 2007 Chettiparamb, A. (2007). Interdisciplinarity: A literature review. Southampton: The Higher Education Academy.

Childerhose, 1936 Childerhose, R. K. (1936). Pneumothorax treatment of tuberculosis. Radiology, 27(6), 741748.

Competente, 2019 Competente, R. J. T. (2019). Pre-service teachers' inclusion of climate change education. International Journal of Evaluation and Research in Education, 8(1), 119126.

Cope and Kalantzis, 2009 Cope, B. , & Kalantzis, M. (2009). “Multiliteracies”: New Literacies, new learning. Pedagogies: An International Journal, 4(3), 164195.

Cox, 2018 Cox, D. (2018). Working with Google sheets in twine. Digital Ephemera. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 18, 2020.

Csikszentmihalyi, 2006 Csikszentmihalyi, M. (2006). A systems perspective on creativity. In J. Henry (Ed.), Creative management and development (3rd ed., pp. 317). London: SAGE Publications.

Dahlstrom, 2014 Dahlstrom, M. F. (2014). Using narratives and storytelling to communicate science with nonexpert audiences. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 111(Supplement 4), 1361413620.

Daniel, 2000 Daniel, T. M. (2000). Pioneers of medicine and their impact on tuberculosis. Rochester, NY: University of Rochester Press.

Dashner, 2013 Dashner, J. (2013). The maze runner. Frome: Chicken House.

Dautovic, 2020 Dautovic, G. (2020). Top video game industry statistics (2020). Fortunly. [online]. Retrieved from . Accessed on September 24, 2020.

Dietz et al., 2009 Dietz, T., Gardner, G. T., Gilligan, J., Stern, P. C., & Vandenbergh, M. P . (2009). Household actions can provide a behavioral wedge to rapidly reduce US carbon emissions. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 106(44), 1845218456.

Doll and Doll, 1997 Doll, B. , & Doll, C. A. (1997). Bibliotherapy with young people: Librarians and mental health professionals working together. Westport, CT: Libraries Unlimited.

Donaldson, 2015 Donaldson, G. (2015). Successful futures: Independent review of curriculum and assessment arrangements in Wales . [online]. OGL. Retrieved from

Dorn, 2013 Dorn, S. (2013). Schools in society. Educational and Psychological Studies Faculty Publications, 14, 182.

Drewes et al., 2018 Drewes, A. , Henderson, J. , & Mouza, C. (2018). Professional development design considerations in climate change education: Teacher enactment and student learning. International Journal of Science Education, 40(1), 6789.

Dubos and Dubos, 1987 Dubos, R. J. , & Dubos, J. (1987). The white plague: Tuberculosis, man, and society. New Brunswick, NJ: Rutgers University Press.

Eatley et al., 2016 Eatley, G. , Hueston, H. H. , & Price, K. (2016). A meta-analysis of the CSI effect: The impact of popular media on jurors' perception of forensic evidence. Politics, Bureaucracy & Justice, 5(2), 110.

Eisenman et al., 2015 Eisenman, A., Rusetski, V., Zohar, Z., Avital, D., & Stolero, J . (2015). Subconscious passive learning of CPR techniques through television medical drama. Australasian Journal of Paramedicine, [online] 3(3), 1–5. Retrieved from

Ensslin et al., 2016 Ensslin, A., Skains, L., Riley, S., Haran, J., Mackiewicz, A., & Halliwell, E. (2016). Exploring digital fiction as a tool for teenage body image bibliotherapy. Digital Creativity, 27(3), 177195.

ER, 1994 ER . (1994). [TV series] ER. USA: NBC.

Ernst and Colthorpe, 2007 Ernst, H. , & Colthorpe, K. (2007). The efficacy of interactive lecturing for students with diverse science backgrounds. Advances in Physiology Education, 31(1), 4144.

Estyn, 2018 Estyn . (2018). The annual report of her majesty's chief inspector of education and training in Wales 2017–2018 . [online]. Estyn. Retrieved from . Accessed on March 25, 2020.

Evans, 2019 Evans, S. (2019). Analysis: UK's CO2 emissions fell for record sixth consecutive year in 2018. [online] Carbon Brief. Retrieved from Accessed on September 30, 2020.

Evensen, 2019 Evensen, D. (2019). The rhetorical limitations of the #FridaysForFuture movement. Nature Climate Change, 9(6), 428430.

Fedunkiw, 2003 Fedunkiw, M. (2003). Malaria films: Motion pictures as a public health tool. American Journal of Public Health, 93(7), 10461057.

Ferrara, 2013 Ferrara, J. (2013). Games for persuasion: Argumentation, procedurality, and the lie of gamification. Games and Culture, 8(4), 289304.

Finke, 1996 Finke, R. A. (1996). Imagery, creativity, and emergent structure. Consciousness and Cognition, 5(3), 381393.

Flanagan, 2009 Flanagan, M. (2009). Critical play: Radical game design. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Flower and Hayes, 1981 Flower, L. , & Hayes, J. R. (1981). A cognitive process theory of writing. College Composition & Communication, 32(4), 365387.

Frantz and Mayer, 2009 Frantz, C. M. , & Mayer, F. S. (2009). The emergency of climate change: Why are we failing to take action? Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy, 9(1), 205222.

de Freitas and Maharg, 2011 de Freitas, S. , & Maharg, P. (2011). Digital games and learning [online]. London: Bloomsbury Academic.

Garfinkel, 1967 Garfinkel, H. (1967). Studies in ethnomethodology. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall.

Gayford, 2002 Gayford, C. (2002). Controversial environmental issues: A case study for the professional development of science teachers. International Journal of Science Education, 24(11), 11911200.

Ge, 2015 Ge, X. (2015). Emerging technologies for steam education: Full steam ahead (1st ed.). New York, NY: Springer Science+Business Media.

Gee, 2007 Gee . (2007). Are video games good for learning? [online].Retrieved from . Accessed on August 28, 2015.

Gibb, 2015 Gibb, N. (2015). The purpose of education. [online]. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 20, 2020.

Glasemann et al., 2010 Glasemann, M. , Kanstrup, A. M. , & Ryberg, T. (2010). Making chocolate-covered broccoli: Designing a mobile learning game about food for young people with diabetes. In Proceedings of the 8th ACM Conference on designing interactive systems, DIS ’10 (pp. 262271). [online] New York, NY: ACM. Retrieved from Accessed on July 16, 2019.

Glaser and Strauss, 1967 Glaser, B. G. , & Strauss, A. L. (1967). The discovery of grounded theory: Strategies for qualitative research. Chicago, IL: Aldine.

Glaser, 1978 Glaser, B. G. (1978). Theoretical sensitivity: Advances in the methodology of grounded theory. Mill Valley, CA: Sociology Press.

Glik et al., 1998 Glik, D., Berkanovic, E., Stone, K., Ibarra, L., Jones, M.C., Rosen, B., … Richardes, D . (1998). Health education goes hollywood: Working with prime-time and daytime entertainment television for immunization promotion. Journal of Health Communication, 3(3), 263282.

Goldstein, 2015 Goldstein, J. H. (2015). Applied entertainment: Positive uses of entertainment media. In R. Nakatsu , M. Rauterberg , & P. Ciancarini (Eds.), Handbook of digital games and entertainment technologies (pp. 123) [online]. Singapore: Springer Singapore. Retrieved from Accessed on July 18, 2019.

Gombiner, 2011 Gombiner, J. (2011). Carbon footprinting the internet. Consilience, 5(1), 119124.

Gordon, 1839 Gordon, G. N. (1839). Life, letters and journals of lord Byron, with notes [by T. Moore]. London: J. Murray.

Griffin, 2017 Griffin, D. P. (2017). CDP carbon majors report 2017 (pp. 16). CDP.

Haviland and Clark, 1974 Haviland, S. E. , & Clark, H. H. (1974). What's new? Acquiring new information as a process in comprehension. Journal of Verbal Learning and Behavior, 13(5), 512521.

Hayles, 2002 Hayles, N. K. (2002). Writing machines. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Heede, 2019a Heede, R. (2019a). Carbon majors accounting for carbon and methane emissions 1854–2010 methods & results report. [online]. Snowmass, CO: Climate Accountability Institute. Retrieved from Accessed on September 30, 2020.

Heede, 2019b Heede, R. (2019b). It's time to rein in the fossil fuel giants before their greed chokes the planet. The Guardian. [online] October 9. Retrieved from . Accessed on September 30, 2020.

Heinrick, 2006 Heinrick, J. (2006). Everyone's an expert: The CSI effect's negative impact on juries. The Triple Helix, 3(1), 5961.

HESA, 2020 HESA . (2020). Higher education student statistics: UK, 2018/19 - qualifications achieved. [online] Higher Education Statistics Agency. Retrieved from . Accessed on Jun 26, 2020.

Hether et al., 2008 Hether, H. J., Huang, G. C., Beck, V., Murphy, S. T., & Valente, T. W . (2008). Entertainment-Education in a media-saturated environment: Examining the impact of single and multiple exposures to breast cancer storylines on two popular medical dramas. Journal of Health Communication, 13(8), 808823.

Hoffman et al., 2017 Hoffman, S. J. , et al. . (2017). Celebrities' impact on health-related knowledge, attitudes, behaviors, and status outcomes: Protocol for a systematic review, meta-analysis, and meta-regression analysis. Systematic Reviews, 6(1), 13.

Hollingsworth and Hollingsworth, 2000 Hollingsworth, R. , & Hollingsworth, E. J. (2000). Major discoveries and biomedical research organizations: Perspectives on interdisciplinarity, nurturing leadership, and integrated structure and cultures. In P. Weingart & N. Stehr (Eds.), Practising interdisciplinarity (pp. 215244). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Huffaker and Calvert, 2003 Huffaker, D. A. , & Calvert, S. L. (2003). The new science of learning: Active learning, metacognition, and transfer of knowledge in E-learning applications. Journal of Educational Computing Research, 29(3), 325334.

Hugo, 1834 Hugo, V. (1834). The hunchback of Notre-Dame. Carey, ID: Lea and Blanchard.

Idris et al., 2012 Idris, F., Hassan, Z., Ya'acob, A., Gill, S. K., & Awal, N. A. M. (2012). The role of education in shaping youth's national identity. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 59, 443450.

Inglis, 1965 Inglis, B. (1965). A history of medicine. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.

Ingram, 2011 Ingram, N. (2011). Within school and beyond the gate: The complexities of being educationally successful and working class. Sociology, 45(2), 287302.

IPCC, 2014 Institute of Medicine . (2015). Communicating to advance the public's health: Workshop summary. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi:10.17226/21694

IPCC, 2014 IPCC . (2014). Climate change 2014: Synthesis report. Contribution of working groups I, II and III to the fifth assessment report of the intergovernmental panel on climate change. [Core Writing Team, R. K. Pachauri and L. A. Meyer (Eds.)] (pp. 151). Geneva: IPCC.

Ipsos, 2020 Ipsos, M. O. R. I. (2020). GP patient survey: National results and trends . [online] NHS England. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 21, 2020.

Izzo et al., 2006 Izzo, G. M. , Langford, B. E. , & Vitell, S. (2006). Investigating the efficacy of interactive ethics education: A difference in pedagogical emphasis. Journal of Marketing Theory and Practice, 14(3), 239248.

Jarvin, 2015 Jarvin, L. (2015). Edutainment, games, and the future of education in a digital world. New Directions for Child and Adolescent Development, 2015(147), 3340.

Jorgenson et al., 2019 Jorgenson, S. N. , Stephens, J. C. , & White, B. (2019). Environmental education in transition: A critical review of recent research on climate change and energy education. The Journal of Environmental Education, 50(3), 160171.

Karlen, 1996 Karlen, A. (1996). Plague's progress: A social history of man and disease. London: Indigo.

Keats, 1820 Keats, J. (1820). Ode to a nightingale. In Lamia, Isabella, the eve of St. Agnes, and other poems (pp. 107112). London: Taylor and Hessey.

Kelly, 1996 Kelly, J. S. (1996). Wide and narrow interdisciplinarity. The Journal of General Education, 45(2), 95113.

Kesten et al., 2017 Kesten, J. M., Bhattacharya, A., Ashiru-Oredope, D., Gobin, M., & Audrey, S . (2017). The antibiotic guardian campaign: A qualitative evaluation of an online pledge-based system focused on making better use of antibiotics. BMC Public Health, 18(1), 5.

Kim and Neff, 2009 Kim, B. , & Neff, R. (2009). Measurement and communication of greenhouse gas emissions from U.S. food consumption via carbon calculators. Ecological Economics, 69(1), 186196.

King, 1990 King, S. (1990). The stand. New York, NY: Doubleday.

Kirby et al., 2015 Kirby, D. A. , Chambers, A. C. , & Macauley, W. R. (2015). What entertainment can do for science, and vice versa. The Science and Entertainment Laboratory. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 21, 2020.

Kirby, 2011 Kirby, D. A. (2011). Lab coats in Hollywood: Science, scientists, and cinema. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.

Klein, 1990 Klein, J. T. (1990). Interdisciplinarity: History, theory, and practice. Detroit, MI: Wayne State University Press.

Klein, 2000 Klein, J. T. (2000). A conceptual vocabulary of interdisciplinary science. In P. Weingart & N. Stehr (Eds.), Practicing interdisciplinarity (pp. 324). Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Klimas, 2009 Klimas, C. (2009). Twine. [online] Retrieved from

Laidley, 2013 Laidley, T. (2013). Climate, class and culture: Political issues as cultural signifiers in the US. The Sociological Review, 61(1), 153171.

Lester et al., 2006 Lester, B. T., Ma, L., Lee, O., & Lambert, J . (2006). Social activism in elementary science education: A science, technology, and society approach to teach global warming. International Journal of Science Education, 28(4), 315339.

MacLeod, 2018 MacLeod, M. (2018). What makes interdisciplinarity difficult? Some consequences of domain specificity in interdisciplinary practice. Synthese, 195(2), 697720.

Makri and Blandford, 2012a Makri, S. , & Blandford, A. (2012a). Coming across information serendipitously : Part 1 – A process model [open access version]. Journal of Documentation, 68(5), 684705.

Makri and Blandford, 2012b Makri, S. , & Blandford, A. (2012b). Coming across information serendipitously : Part 2 - a classification framework [open access version]. Journal of Documentation, 68(5), 706724.

Marzano et al., 2006 Marzano, M. , Carss, D. N. , & Bell, S. (2006). Working to make interdisciplinarity work: Investing in communication and interpersonal relationships. Journal of Agricultural Economics, 57(2), 185197.

Mayer, 2014 Mayer, R. E. (2014). Computer games for learning: An evidence-based approach [online]. Cambridge, MA : The MIT Press. Retrieved from,5__Orightresult__X1?lang=eng&suite=cobalt. Accessed on September 1, 2015.

Mayo, 2009 Mayo, M. J. (2009). Video games: A route to large-scale STEM education?. Science, 323(5910), 7982.

McKenzie, 2015 McKenzie, L. (2015). Narrative, ethnography and class inequality. In J. Thatcher, N. Ingram, C. Burke, & J. Abrahams (Eds.), Bourdieu the next generation: The development of Bourdieu's cultural heritage in contemporary UK sociology (pp. 2536). London: Routledge.

McNeal and Petcovic, 2019 McNeal, P. , & Petcovic, H. L. (2019). Sound practices in climate change education. Science Scope, 42(6), 104107.

Mora et al., 2017 Mora, C., Dousset, B., Caldwell, I. R., Powell, F. E., Geronimo, R. C., Bielecki, C. R., … Trauernicht, C . (2017). Global risk of deadly heat. Nature Climate Change, 7(7), 501506.

Morens, 2002 Morens, D. M. (2002). At the deathbed of consumptive art. Emerging Infectious Diseases, 8(11), 13531358.

Moulin Rouge, 2001 Moulin Rouge . (2001). Directed by B. Luhrmann. 20th Century Fox.

Mugerwa and Holden, 2012 Mugerwa, S. , & Holden, J. D. (2012). Writing therapy: A new tool for general practice? British Journal of General Practice, 62(605), 661663.

NESTA, 2018 NESTA . (2018). NESTA - welcome to crucible in a box. [online]. NESTA. Retrieved from . Accessed on September 8, 2020.

New Amsterdam, 2018 New Amsterdam . (2018). [TV series] New Amsterdam. NBC.

Newitt et al., 2018 Newitt, S., Anthierens, S., Coenen, S., Lo Fo Wong, D., Salvi, C., Puleston, R., & Ashiru-Oredope, D . (2018). Expansion of the ‘antibiotic guardian’ one health behavioural campaign across Europe to tackle antibiotic resistance: Pilot phase and analysis of AMR knowledge. The European Journal of Public Health, 28(3), 437439.

Newman, 2020 Newman, C. (2020). £3.7m circular economy innovation funding to support south Wales organisations. [online]. Swansea University. Retrieved from . Accessed on September 29, 2020.

Nicieza and Liefeld, 1991 Nicieza, F. , & Liefeld, R. (1991). Deadpool. New York, NY: Marvel Comics.

NIH, 2011 NIH . (2011). The public health film goes to war: The films. [Digital Library Collections] National Institute of Health. Retrieved from . Accessed on July 5, 2019.

Nissani, 1997 Nissani, M. (1997). Ten cheers for interdisciplinarity: The case for interdisciplinary knowledge and research. The Social Science Journal, 34(2), 201.

Ong, 1982 Ong, W. (1982). Orality and literacy: The technologizing of the word. New York, NY: Routledge.

Outbreak, 1995 Outbreak . (1995). Directed by W. Petersen. Warner brothers.

Pardeck, 2014 Pardeck, J. T. (2014). Using books in clinical social work practice: A guide to Bibliotherapy. New York, NY: Routledge.

Pennebaker and Seagal, 1999 Pennebaker, J. W. , & Seagal, J. D. (1999). Forming a story: The health benefits of narrative. Journal of Clinical Psychology, 55(10), 12431254.

Pennebaker, 1997 Pennebaker, J. W. (1997). Writing about emotional experiences as a therapeutic process. Psychological Science, 8(3), 162166.

PERC, 2014 PERC . (2014). Blended learning: Defining models and examining conditions to support implementation . Research for Action. [online] Philadelphia, PA: Philadelphia Education Research Consortium. Retrieved from Accessed on June 19, 2019.

PHE, 2014 PHE . (2014). Antibiotic guardian. [online] Public Health England. Retrieved from . Accessed on May 11, 2020.

Polivy and Herman, 2002 Polivy, J. , & Herman, C. P. (2002). Causes of eating disorders. Annual Review of Psychology, 53(1), 187213.

Pruneau et al., 2001 Pruneau, D., Liboiron, L., Vrain, E., Gravel, H., Bourque, W., & Langis, J . (2001). People's ideas about climate change: A source of inspiration for the creation of educational programs. Canadian Journal of Environmental Education, 6, 121138.

Pruneau et al., 2010 Pruneau, D. , Khattabi, A. , & Demers, M. (2010). Challenges and possibilities in climate change education. US-China Education Review, 7(9), 1524.

Rapeepisarn et al, n.d Rapeepisarn, K., Wong, K. W., Fung, C. C., & Depickere, A . (n.d.). Similarities and differences between “learn through play” and “edutainment”. (p. 5).

Rayner, 2019 Rayner, A. (2019). Labour to make climate change core part of school curriculum. The Labour Party. [online] Retrieved from . Accessed on March 10, 2020.

Reid, 1975 Reid, R. W. (1975). Microbes and men. New York, NY: Saturday Review Press.

Resnick, 2004 Resnick, M. (2004). Edutainment? No thanks. I prefer playful learning . Associazione Civita Report on Edutainment. [online] Retrieved from . Accessed on August 25, 2018.

Ritterfeld and Weber, 2005 Ritterfeld, U. , & Weber, R. (2005). Video games for entertainment and education. (p. 17).

Robinson, 2006 Robinson, S. K. (2006). TED Talk: Do schools kill creativity? [online] TED. Retrieved from Accessed on August 20, 2020.

Rockstar Studios, 2018 Rockstar Studios . (2018). Red Dead Redemption II.

Ross et al., 2021 Ross, H. , Rudd, J. A. , Skains, R. L. , & Horry, R. (2021). How big is my carbon footprint? Understanding engagement with climate change education. Sustainability 13(4), 1961. Accessed February 11, 2021. doi:10.3390/su13041961

Rudd et al., 2019 Rudd, J. A. , Horry, R. , & Skains, R. L. (2019). You and CO2: A public engagement study to engage secondary school students with the issue of climate change. Journal of Science Education and Technology, 29, 230241. [online]. Accessed on March 3, 2020. doi:10.1007/s10956-019-09808-5

Shelley, 1891 Shelley, P. B. (1891). Adonais. [online]. London: Clarendon Press. Retrieved from Accessed on June 26, 2020.

Shelton, 2008 Shelton, D. E. (2008). The ‘CSI effect’: Does it really exist? National Institute of Justice Journal, [online] 259, 1–7. Retrieved from Accessed 29 Sep 2020.

Singhal et al, 2003 Singhal, A., Cody, M. J., Rogers, E. M., & Sabido, M . (Eds.). (2003). Entertainment-education and social change: History, research, and practice. Abingdon: Routledge.

Singhal, 2013 Singhal, A. (2013). Introduction: Fairy tales to digital games: The rising tide of entertainment education. Critical Arts, 27(1), 18.

Skains, 2016 Skains, L. (2016). The futographer: A hyperstory [hyperfiction]. Retrieved from

Skains, 2017 Skains, L. (2017). The adaptive process of multimodal composition: How developing tacit knowledge of digital tools affects creative writing. Computers and Composition, 43, 106117.

Skains, 2018 Skains, R. L. (2018). Creative practice as research: Discourse on methodology. Media Practice and Education, 19(1), 8297.

Skains, 2019a Skains, R. L. (2019a). Teaching digital fiction: Integrating experimental writing and current technologies. Palgrave Communications, 5, 110. [online] Retrieved from

Skains, 2019b Skains, R. L. (2019b). The materiality of the intangible: Literary metaphor in multimodal texts. Convergence: The International Journal of Research Into New Media Technologies, 25(1), 133147.

Sood et al., 2003 Sood, S. , Menard, T. , & Witte, K. (2003). The theory behind entertainment-education. In A. Singhal, M. J. Cody, E. M. Rogers, & M. Sabido (Eds.), Entertainment-education and social change: History, research, and practice (pp. 117149). Abingdon: Routledge.

Squire, 2011a Squire, K. (2011a). Video games and learning: Teaching and participatory culture in the digital age. Kurt Squire ; foreword by James Paul Gee ; featuring contributions by Henry Jenkins. [online]. New York, NY: Teachers College Press. Retrieved from,1__Orightresult__X3?lang=eng&suite=cobalt . Accessed on September 1, 2015.

Squire, 2011b Squire, K. (2011b). Video games and learning: Teaching and participatory culture in the digital age. Technology, education--connections (the TEC series). New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Stewart, 2018 Stewart, J. (2018). Twine game data to google sheets via javascript version 2. John Stewart. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 18, 2020.

Stirling, 2014 Stirling, A. (2014). Disciplinary dilemma: Working across research silos is harder than it looks. Guardian Political Science Blog. [online]. Accessed on August 21, 2020. doi:10.13140/RG.2.1.1919.3680

Sullivan, 2009 Sullivan, G. (2009). Making space: The purpose and place of practice-led research. In H. Smith & R. T. Dean (Eds.), Practice-led research, research-led practice in the creative arts (pp. 4165). Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press.

Tagore, 2000 Tagore, P. (2000). Keats in an age of consumption: The ‘ode to a nightingale’. Keats-Shelley Journal, 49, 6784.

Taylor, 2019 Taylor, M. (2019). Teachers want climate crisis training, poll shows. The Guardian. [online] June 21.Retrieved from . Accessed on March 10, 2020.

Terry et al., 2016 Terry, N., Macy, A., Owens, J., & Womble, L . (2016). Dangerous foods: The libel case of the Texas cattlemen versus oprah winfrey. [online] London: SAGE Publications. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 20, 2020.

The Citadel, 1938 The Citadel . (1938). Directed by K. Vidor. MGM.

Thomas, 2020 Thomas, H. (2020). University's rapid test could be used ‘in weeks’. BBC News. [online]. April 20Retrieved from . Accessed on September 16, 2020.

Tombstone, 1993 Tombstone . (1993). Directed by G. P. Cosmatos. Buena vista. Retrieved from . Accessed on June 26, 2020.

Tomlinson, 2011 Tomlinson, S. (2011). A sociology of special education. Oxon: Routledge.

Valente and Bharath, 1999 Valente, T. W. , & Bharath, U. (1999). An evaluation of the use of drama to communicate HIV/AIDS information. AIDS Education and Prevention, 11(3), 203211.

van der Bom et al., 2020 van der Bom, I., Skains, R. L., Bell, A., & Ensslin, A . (2021). Reading hyperlinks in hypertext fiction: An empirical approach. In A. Bell, S. Browse, A. Gibbons, & D. Peplow (Eds.), Style and reader response: Minds, media, methods (pp. 123142). Amsterdam; Philadelphia, PA: John Benjamins Publishing Co.

Wang and Singhal, 2016 Wang, H. , & Singhal, A. (2016). East los High : Transmedia edutainment to promote the sexual and reproductive health of young Latina/o Americans. American Journal of Public Health, 106(6), 10021010.

Ward et al., 1999 Ward, T. B. , Smith, S. M. , & Finke, R. A. (1999). Creative cognition. In R. Sternberg (Ed.), Handbook of creativity (pp. 189212). New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Webb et al., 2009 Webb, T. L. , Sheeran, P. , & Luszczynska, A. (2009). Planning to break unwanted habits: Habit strength moderates implementation intention effects on behaviour change. British Journal of Social Psychology, 48(3), 507523.

Wegner and Schaefer, 1978 Wegner, D. M. , & Schaefer, D. (1978). The concentration of responsibility: An objective self-awareness analysis of group size effects in helping situations. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 36(2), 147155.

Weiler, 2018 Weiler, L. (2018). Making immersive experiences 1. Public Lecture. Manchester Metropolitan University, Manchester, UK, 8 June 2018.

Weingart and Stehr, 2000 Weingart, P. , & Stehr, N. (Eds.). (2000). Practising interdisciplinarity. Toronto: University of Toronto Press.

Welsh Government, 2015 Welsh Government . (2015). The four purposes of the curriculum for Wales. [online] Retrieved from . Accessed on March 25, 2020.

Whittier et al., 2005 Whittier, D. K., Kennedy, M. G., St. Lawrence, J. S., Seeley, S., & Beck, V . (2005). Embedding health messages into entertainment television: Effect on gay men's response to a syphilis outbreak. Journal of Health Communication, 10(3), 251259.

WHO, 2015 WHO . (2015). Global action plan on antimicrobial resistance. [online] World Health Organization. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 20, 2018.

WHO, 2017 WHO . (2017). Antimicrobial resistance behaviour change first informal technical consultation . [online] Château de Penthes, Geneva: World Health Organization. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 20, 2018.

WHO, 2018 WHO . (2018). Drug-resistant tuberculosis. [online] World Health Organization. Retrieved from . Accessed on August 20, 2018.

WHO, 2019 WHO . (2019). World antibiotic awareness week. [online] World Health Organization. Retrieved from . Accessed on May 11, 2020.

Wiedmann and Minx, 2007 Wiedmann, T. , & Minx, J. (2007). A definition of carbon footprint. Durham: ISA-UK.

Wise, 2010 Wise, S. B. (2010). Climate change in the classroom: Patterns, motivations, and barriers to instruction among Colorado science teachers. Journal of Geoscience Education, 58(5), 297309.

Wright and Sandlin, 2009 Wright, R. R. , & Sandlin, J. A. (2009). Cult TV, hip hop, shape-shifters, and vampire slayers: A review of the literature at the intersection of adult education and popular culture. Adult Education Quarterly, 59(2), 118141.