Jason R. Swisher (Texas State University, USA)

Beyond Refuge

ISBN: 978-1-80382-268-6, eISBN: 978-1-80382-267-9

Publication date: 27 January 2023


Swisher, J.R. (2023), "References", Beyond Refuge (Studies in Educational Administration), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 157-164.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2023 Jason R. Swisher. Published under exclusive licence by Emerald Publishing Limited

Ager and Strang, 2008 Ager, A. , & Strang, A. (2008). Understanding integration: A conceptual framework. Journal of Refugee Studies, 21(2), 166191. doi:10.1093/jrs/fen016

Amos, 2016 Amos, D. (2016, November 15). For refugees and advocates, an anxious wait for clarity on Trump's policy. National Public Radio . Retrieved from

Bajaj et al., 2017 Bajaj, M. , Argenal, A. , & Canlas, M. (2017). Socio-politically relevant pedagogy for immigrant and refugee youth. Equity and Excellence in Education, 50, 258274. doi:10.1080/10665684.2017.1336499

Bajaj and Bartlett, 2017 Bajaj, M. , & Bartlett, L. (2017). Critical transnational curriculum for immigrant and refugee students. Curriculum Inquiry, 47(1), 2636. doi:10.1080/03626784.2016.1254499

Bartlett et al., 2017 Bartlett, L. , Mendenhall, M. , & Ghaffar-Kucher, A. (2017). Culture in acculturation: Refugee youth's schooling experiences in international schools in New York City. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 60, 109119. doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2017.04.005

Bartlett and Vavrus, 2009 Bartlett, L. , & Vavrus, F. (2009). Introduction, knowing comparatively. In F. Vavrus & L. Bartlett (Eds.), Critical approaches to comparative education: Vertical case studies from Africa, Europe, the Middle East, and the Americas (pp. 137). New York City, NY: Palgrave Macmillan.

Bartlett and Vavrus, 2014 Bartlett, L. , & Vavrus, F. (2014). Transversing the vertical case study: A methodological approach to studies of educational policy as practice. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 45(2), 131147. doi:10.1111/aeq.12055

Bautista, 2018 Bautista, E. A. (2018). Transformative youth organizing: A decolonizing social movement framework. Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from ProQuest. No. 10788827.

Berger and Luckmann, 1967 Berger, P. L. , & Luckmann, T. (1967). The social construction of reality: A treatise in the sociology of knowledge. Garden City, NY: Anchor Books.

Berry, 2005 Berry, J. W. (2005). Acculturation: Living successfully in two cultures. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 29, 697712.

Biesta, 2010 Biesta, G. J. (2010). Good education in an age of measurement. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.

Biesta, 2013 Biesta, G. J. (2013). The beautiful risk of education. Boulder, CO: Paradigm.

Birman and Tran, 2017 Birman, D. , & Tran, N. (2017). When worlds collide: Academic adjustment of Somali Bantu students with limited formal education in a U.S. elementary school. International Journal of Intercultural Education, 60, 132144. doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2017.06.008

Bitew and Ferguson, 2012 Bitew, G. , & Ferguson, P. (2012). Curricular and pedagogical practices and Ethiopian immigrant students. Research Papers in Education, 27, 319342. doi:10.1080/02671522.2010.514358

Biton and Salomon, 2006 Biton, Y. , & Salomon, G. (2006). Peace in the eyes of Israeli and Palestinian youths: Effects of collective narratives and peace education program. Journal of Peace Research, 43, 167180. doi:10.1177/002234330606188

Block et al., 2014 Block, K. , Cross, S. , Riggs, E. , & Gibbs, L. (2014). Supporting schools to create an inclusive environment for refugee students. International Journal of Inclusive Education, 18, 13371365. doi:10.1080/13603116.2014.899636

Bolstad, 2011 Bolstad, R. (2011). From “student voice” to “youth-adult partnerships”: Lessons from working with young people as partners for educational change. Unpublished manuscript. New Zealand Council for Educational Research. Retrieved from

Bozorgmehr and Douglas, 2011 Bozorgmehr, M. , & Douglas, D. (2011). Success(ion): Second-generation Iranian Americans. Iranian Studies, 44(1), 324. doi:10.1080/00210862.2011.524047

Brandt and Eagleman, 2017 Brandt, A. K. , & Eagleman, D. (2017). The runaway species: How human creativity remakes the world. New York, NY: Catapult.

Brenner and Kia-Keating, 2016 Brenner, M. E. , & Kia-Keating, M. (2016). Psychosocial and academic adjustment among resettled refugee youth. Annual Review of Comparative and International Education, 30, 221249. doi:10.1108/S1479-367920160000030016

Bronstein and Montgomery, 2011 Bronstein, I. , & Montgomery, P. (2011). Psychological distress in refugee children: A systematic review. Clinical Child & Family Psychology Review, 14(1), 4456.

Burde et al., 2015 Burde, D. , Guven, O. , Kelcey, J. , Lahmann, H. , & Al-Abbadi, K. (2015). What works to promote children's educational access, quality of learning, and wellbeing in crisis-affected contexts. Retrieved from

Burde et al., 2017 Burde, D. , Kapit, A. , Wahl, R. , Guven, O. , & Skarpeteig, M. I. (2017). Education in emergencies: A review of theory and research. Review of Educational Research, 87, 619658. doi:10.3102/0034654316671594

Catarci, 2014 Catarci, M. (2014). Intercultural education in the European context: Key remarks from a comparative study. Intercultural Education, 25(2), 95104. doi:10.1080/14675986.2014.886820

Congressional Research Service, 2019 Congressional Research Service . (2019). FY2020 refugee ceiling and allocations. Retrieved from

Daha, 2011 Daha, M. (2011). Contextual factors contributing to ethnic identity development of second generation Iranian American Adolescents. Journal of Adolescent Research, 26(5), 543569. doi:10.1177/0743558411402335

DeCapua, 2016 DeCapua, A. (2016). Reaching students with limited or interrupted formal education through culturally responsive teaching. Language and Linguistics Compass, 10, 225237. doi:10.1111/lnc3.12183

DeCapua and Marshall, 2010 DeCapua, A. , & Marshall, H. W. (2010). Students with limited or interrupted formal education in US classrooms. The Urban Review, 42, 159173. doi:10.1007/s11256-009-0128-z

De Jong and Harper, 2005 De Jong, E. J. , & Harper, C. A. (2005). Preparing mainstream teachers for English-language learners: Is being a good teacher good enough? Teacher Education Quarterly, 32, 101124.

De La Baume, 2017 De La Baume, M. (2017, August 27). Angela Merkel defends open border migration policy. Politico. Retrieved from

Denzin and Lincoln, 2018 Denzin, N. K. , & Lincoln, Y. S. (2018). The Sage handbook of qualitative research (5th ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dewey, 1916 Dewey, J. (1916). Democracy and education. New York City, NY: Free Press.

Dewey, 1927 Dewey, J. (1927). The public and its problems. New York, NY: Holt.

Domonoske, 2018 Domonoske, C. (2018, June 25). AP Report: Algeria expelling thousands of migrants into Sahara, with deadly effect. National Public Radio . Retrieved from

Dryden-Peterson, 2016a Dryden-Peterson, S. (2016a). Refugee education in countries of first asylum: Breaking open the black box of pre-resettlement experiences. Theory and Research in Education, 14(2), 131148. doi:10.1177/1477878515622703

Dryden-Peterson, 2016b Dryden-Peterson, S. (2016b). Refugee education: The crossroads of globalization. Educational Researcher, 45, 473482. doi:10.3102/0013189X16683398

Dryden-Peterson, 2017 Dryden-Peterson, S. (2017). Refugee education: Education for an unknowable future. Curriculum Inquiry, 47(1), 1424. doi:10.1080/03626784.2016.1255935

Dryden-Peterson et al., 2017 Dryden-Peterson, S. , Dahya, N. , & Adelman, E. (2017). Pathways to educational success among refugees: Connecting locally and globally situated resources. American Educational Research Journal, 54, 10111047. doi:10.3102/0002831217714321

Dryden-Peterson and Reddick, 2017 Dryden-Peterson, S. , & Reddick, C. (2017). “When I am a president of Guinea”: Resettled refugees traversing education in search of a future. European Education, 49, 253275. doi:10.1080/10564934.2017.1344865

Durkheim, 1922/2000 Durkheim, E. (1922/2000). The nature of education. In B. A. Levinson , K. M. Borman , M. Eisenhart , M. Foster , A. E. Fox , & M. Sutton (Eds.), Schooling the symbolic animal: Social and cultural dimensions of education (pp. 5761). Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield.

Faltis and Valdé s, 2010 Faltis, C. , & Valdés, G. (2010). Educating immigrant students, refugees, and English language learners: A no borders perspective. National Society for the Study of Education, 109, 285296.

Fazel et al., 2012 Fazel, M. , Reed, R. V. , Panter-Brick, C. , & Alan, S. (2012). Mental health of displaced and refugee children resettled in high-income countries: Risk and protective factors. Lancet, 379, 266282.

Freire, 1972 Freire, P. (1972). Pedagogy of the oppressed. Harmondsworth: Penguin.

Fruja Amthor and Roxas, 2016 Fruja Amthor, R. , & Roxas, K. (2016). Multicultural education and newcomer youth: Re-imagining a more inclusive vision for immigrant and refugee students. Educational Studies, 52, 155176. doi:10.1080/00131946.2016.1142992

Fullan, 2015 Fullan, M. (2015). The new meaning of educational change (5th ed.). New York, NY: Teachers College Press.

Fullerton, 2015 Fullerton, M. (2015). Comparative perspectives on statelessness and persecution. Kansas Law Review, 63, 863902.

Giroux, 1986 Giroux, H. A. (1986). Critical theory and the politics of culture and voice: Rethinking the discourse of educational research. Journal of Thought, 21, 84105.

Goodlad, 1966 Goodlad, J. I. (1966). School, curriculum, and the individual. Waltham, MA: Blaisdell.

Goodlad, 1984 Goodlad, J. I. (1984). A place called school. New York, NY: McGraw-Hill.

Graham, 2018 Graham, D. A. (2018, June 19). Trump says democrats want immigrants to ‘infest’ the US. The Atlantic. Retrieved from

Guajardo et al., 2016 Guajardo, M. A. , Guajardo, F. , Janson, C. , & Militello, M. (2016). Reframing community partnerships in education: Uniting the power of place and wisdom of people. New York, NY: Routledge.

Haines, 2010 Haines, D. (2010). Safe haven? A history of refugees in America. Sterling, VA: Kumarian Press.

Han, 2012 Han, W. J. (2012). Bilingualism and academic achievement. Child Development, 83, 300321. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8624.2011.01686.x

Heptinstall et al., 2004 Heptinstall, E. , Sethna, V. , & Taylor, E. (2004). PTSD and depression in refugee children. European Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 13, 373380.

Hirschfield Davis, 2018 Hirschfield Davis, J. (2018, May 16). Trump calls some unauthorized immigrants ‘animals’ in rant. The New York Times. Retrieved from

Howard, 2001 Howard, T. (2001). Telling their side of the story: African-American students' perceptions of culturally relevant teaching. The Urban Review, 33(2), 131149.

Inskeep and Horsley, 2018 Inskeep, S. , & Horsley, S. (2018, June 26). Supreme court upholds travel ban. National Public Radio . Retrieved from

Isik-Ercan, 2012 Isik-Ercan, Z. (2012). In pursuit of a new perspective in the education of children off refugees: Advocacy for the “Family”. Educational Sciences: Theory & Practice, 12, 30253038.

Jackson, 2014 Jackson, L. (2014). Muslims and Islam in U.S. education: Reconsidering multiculturalism. London: Routledge.

Jamal Al-deen and Windle, 2015 Jamal Al-deen, T. , & Windle, J. (2015). The involvement of migrant mothers in their children's education: Cultural capital and transnational class processes. International Studies in Sociology of Education, 25, 278295. doi:10.1080/09620214.2015.1083404

Johnson, 2015 Johnson, J. (2015, December 7). Trump calls for ‘total and complete shutdown of Muslims entering the United States’. The Washington Post. Retrieved from

Joyce and Liamputtong, 2017 Joyce, L. , & Liamputtong, P. (2017). Acculturation stress and social support for young refugees in regional areas. Children and Youth Services Review, 77, 1826. doi:10.1016/j.childyouth.2017.03.016

Kennedy and MacNeela, 2014 Kennedy, L. A. , & MacNeela, P. (2014). Adolescent acculturation experiences: A meta-ethnography of qualitative research. International Journal of Intercultural Relations, 40, 126140. doi:10.1016/j.ijintrel.2013.11.003

Kim and Suá rez-Orozco, 2014 Kim, H. Y. , & Suárez-Orozco, C. (2014). The language of learning: The academic engagement of newcomer immigrant youth. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 25(2), 229245. doi:10.1111/jora.12130

Kovinthian, 2016 Kovinthian, T. (2016). Learning and teaching with loss: Meeting the needs of refugee children through narrative inquiry. Diaspora, Indigenous, and Minority Education, 101, 141155. doi:10.1080/15595692.2015.1137282

Ladson-Billings, 1995 Ladson-Billings (1995). But that's just good teaching! the case for culturally relevant pedagogy. Theory into Practice, 34(3), 159165.

Lewis and Diamond, 2015 Lewis, A. , & Diamond, J. (2015). Despite their best intentions: How racial inequality thrives in good schools. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lingis, 1994 Lingis, A. (1994). The community of those who have nothing in common. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University Press.

Lippmann, 1922 Lippmann, W. (1922). Public opinion. New York, NY: Free Press Paperbacks.

Lloyd and Wilkinson, 2016 Lloyd, A. , & Wilkinson, J. (2016). Knowing and learning in everyday spaces (KALiEds): Mapping the information landscape of refugee youth learning in everyday spaces. Journal of Information Science, 42, 300312. doi:10.1177/0165551515621845

Major et al., 2013 Major, J. , Wilkinson, J. , & Langat, K. (2013). Sudanese young people of refugee background in rural and regional Australia: Social capital and education success. Australian and International Journal of Rural Education, 23(3), 95105.

Makarova and Birman, 2015 Makarova, E. , & Birman, D. (2015). Cultural transition and academic achievement of students from ethnic minority backgrounds: A content analysis of empirical research on acculturation. Educational Research, 57, 305330. doi:10.1080/00131881.2015.1058099

Makarova and Birman, 2016 Makarova, E. , & Birman, D. (2016). Minority students' psychological adjustment in the school context: An integrative review of qualitative research on acculturation. Intercultural Education, 27(1), 121. doi:10.1080/14675986.2016.1144382

Malhotra and Liyanage, 2005 Malhotra, D. , & Liyanage, S. (2005). Long-term effects of peace workshops in protracted conflicts. Journal of Conflict Resolution, 49, 908924. doi:10.1177/0022002705281153

Martin and Suá rez-Orozco, 2018 Martin, M. , & Suárez-Orozco, C. (2018). What it takes: Promising practices for immigrant origin adolescent newcomers. Theory into Practice, 57(2), 8290. doi:10.1080/00405841.2018.1425816

Maslow, 1943 Maslow, A. H. (1943). A theory of human motivation. Psychological Review, 50(4), 370396. doi:10.1037/h0054346

Matthieson, 2016 Matthieson, N. C. (2016). Understanding silence: An investigation of the processes of silencing in parent–teacher conferences with Somali diaspora parents in Danish public schools. International Journal of Qualitative Studies in Education, 29, 320337. doi:10.1080/09518398.2015.1023236

McBrien, 2005 McBrien, J. L. (2005). Educational needs and barriers for refugee students in the United States: A review of the literature. Review of Educational Research, 75(3), 329364.

McBrien, 2011 McBrien, J. L. (2011). The importance of context: Iranian refugee mothers discuss their resettled lives and involvement in their children's schools. Compare: A Journal of Comparative and International Education, 41, 7590. doi:10.1080/03057925.2010.523168

McGinnis, 2009 McGinnis, T. A. (2009). Seeing possible futures: Khmer youth and the discourse of the American dream. Anthropology and Education Quarterly, 40(1), 6281.

McWilliams and Bonet, 2015 McWilliams, J. A. , & Bonet, S. W. (2015). Refugees in the city: The neighborhood effects of institutional presence and flexibility. Journal of Immigrant and Refugee Studies, 13, 419438. doi:10.1080/15562948.2015.1030092

McWilliams and Bonet, 2016 McWilliams, J. A. , & Bonet, S. W. (2016). Continuums of precarity: Refugee youth transitions in American high schools. International Journal of Lifelong Education, 35, 153170. doi:10.1080/02601370.2016.1164468

Mendenhall and Bartlett, 2018 Mendenhall, M. , & Bartlett, L. (2018). Academic and extracurricular support for refugee students in the US: Lessons learned. Theory into Practice, 57(2), 109119. doi:10.1080/00405841.2018.1469910

Mitra, 2009 Mitra, D. (2009). Collaborating with students: Building youth–adult partnerships in schools. American Journal of Education, 115, 407436.

Naidoo, 2012 Naidoo, L. (2012). Refugee action support: Crossing borders in preparing pre-service teachers for literacy teaching in secondary schools in Greater Western Sydney. International Journal of Pedagogies and Learning, 7(3), 266274.

Nasıroğlu, 2009 Nasıroğlu, S., & Çeri, V. (2016). Posttraumatic stress and depression in Yazidi refugees. Neuropsychiatric Disease and Treatment, 12, 29412948.

O'Neil, 2016 O'Neil, C. (2016). Weapons of math destruction. New York, NY: Crown.

Oh and van der Stouwe, 2008 Oh, S. , & van der Stouwe, M. (2008). Education, diversity, and inclusion in Burmese refugee camps in Thailand. Comparative Education Review, 52, 589617. doi:10.1086/591299

Pastoor, 2015 Pastoor, L. d. (2015). The mediational role of schools in supporting psychosocial transitions among unaccompanied young refugees upon resettlement in Norway. International Journal of Educational Development, 41, 245254. doi:10.1016/j.ijedudev.2014.10.009

Pastoor, 2017 Pastoor, L. d. (2017). Reconceptualising refugee education: Exploring the diverse learning contexts of unaccompanied young refugees upon resettlement. Intercultural Education, 28(2), 143164. doi:10.1080/14675986.2017.1295572

Potts, 2003 Potts, R. G. (2003). Emancipatory education versus school-based prevention in African American communities. American Journal of Community Psychology, 31(1–2), 173183.

Price, 2018 Price, P. H. (2018). Deep in the heart of Texas: An examination of the social and emotional learning programs and practices in the lone star state's public school districts. Doctoral dissertation. Retrieved from ProQuest. No. 13838019.

Putnam, 2000 Putnam, R. D. (2000). Bowling alone: The collapse and revival of American community. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Ranciè re, 1991 Rancière, J. (1991). The ignorant schoolmaster. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press.

Reagan et al., 1981 Reagan, R. (1981, July 30). Statement on United States immigration and refugee policy. (G. Peters, & J. T. Woolley, Compilers) The American Presidency Project . Retrieved from

Refugee Act of 1980, 1980 Refugee Act of 1980, 8 U.S.C. § 1101 . (1980). Retrieved from

Rice, 2020 Rice, J. D. (2020, June 16). Television interview by Seth Meyers. Late Night with Seth Meyers. New York, NY: National Broadcasting Company.

Ripley, 2013 Ripley, A. (2013). The smartest kids in the world: And how they got that way. New York, NY: Simon & Schuster.

Rodriguez, 2012 Rodriguez, L. F. (2012). “Everybody grieves, but still nobody sees”: Toward a praxis of recognition for Latina/o students in U.S. schools. Teachers College Record, 14(1), 131.

Romo, 2020 Romo, V. (2020, January 10). Gov. Greg Abbott says new refugees won't be allowed to settle in Texas. National Public Radio . Retrieved from

Rose, 2020 Rose, J. (2020, January 31). Trump administration travel ban expands to 6 additional countries. National Public Radio . Retrieved from

Roxas, 2011 Roxas, K. (2011). Tales from the front line: Teachers' responses to Somali Bantu refugee students. Urban Education, 46, 513548. doi:10.1177/0042085910377856

Roy and Roxas, 2011 Roy, L. A. , & Roxas, K. C. (2011). Whose deficit is this anyhow? Exploring counter-stories of Somali Bantu refugees' experiences in “doing school”. Harvard Educational Review, 81, 521541.

Rush, 2018 Rush, N. (2018, August 10). ‘Private’ refugee resettlement agencies mostly funded by the government. Center for Immigration Studies. Retrieved from

Sainsbury and Renzaho, 2011 Sainsbury, W. J. , & Renzaho, A. M. (2011). Educational concerns of Arabic speaking migrants from Sudan and Iraq to Melbourne: Expectations of migrant parents in Australia. International Journal of Education Research, 50, 291300. doi:10.2016/j.ijer.2011.10.001w

Shaw, 2003 Shaw, J. (2003). Children exposed to war/terrorism. Clinical Child and Family Psychology Review, 6, 237246.

Simmel, 1950 Simmel, G. (1950). The sociology of Georg Simmel (K. H. Wolf, Ed. & Trans). London: Collier-Macmillan Ltd.

Sirin and Fine, 2007 Sirin, S. R. , & Fine, M. (2007). Hyphenated selves: Muslim American youth negoatiating identities on the fault lines of global conflict. Applied Development Science, 11(3), 151163.

Suá rez-Orozco et al., 2009 Suárez-Orozco, C. , Pimentel, A. , & Martin, M. (2009). The significance of relationships: Academic engagement and achievement among newcomer immigrant youth. Teachers College Record, 111, 712749.

Suá rez-Orozco et al., 2008 Suárez-Orozco, C. , Suárez-Orozco, M. M. , & Todorova, I. (2008). Learning a new land: Immigrant students in American society. Cambridge, MA: Belknap Press of Harvard University.

Taylor, 2008 Taylor, S. (2008). Schooling and the settlement of refugee young people in Queensland: ‘ . . . The challenges are massive’. Social Alternatives, 27, 5865.

Taylor and Sidhu, 2011 Taylor, S. , & Sidhu, R. K. (2011). Supporting refugee students in schools: What constitutes inclusive education? International Journal of Inclusive Education, 16(1), 3956. doi:10.1080/13603110903560085

Texas Education Agency, 2008 Texas Education Agency . (2008). Methodology for academic and personal services. Retrieved from

Thyne, 2006 Thyne, C. L. (2006). ABC's, 123's, and the golden rule: The pacifying effect of education on civil war, 1980-1999. International Studies Quarterly, 50, 733754. doi:10.1111/j.1468-2478.2006.00423.x

Trump, 2019 Trump, D. J. (2019, September 26). Executive order on enhancing state and local involvement in refugee resettlement. The White House. Retrieved from

UNHCR, 2010 UNHCR . (2010). Convention and protocol relating to the status of refugees. Retrieved from

UNHCR, 2018a UNHCR . (2018a, October 6). Figures at a glance. Retrieved from

UNHCR, 2018b UNHCR . (2018b, October 10). Refugee statistics. Retrieved from

UNHCR, 2018c UNHCR . (2018c, October 30). Trends at a Glance. Retrieved from

UNHCR, 2020 UNHCR . (2020, July 20). Figures at a glance. Retrieved from

UNHCR, 2022 UNHCR . (2022, January 3). Refugee data finder. Retrieved from

U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, 2020 U.S. Department of Health and Human Services . (2020, January 10). Refugee school impact program. Retrieved from

U.S. Department of Homeland Security, 2020 U.S. Department of Homeland Security . (2020, January 23). Exceptions and accommodations. Retrieved from

Valenzuela, 1999 Valenzuela, A. (1999). Subtractive schooling: U.S.-Mexican youth and the politics of caring. Albany, NY: SUNY Press.

Vygotsky, 1978 Vygotsky, L. (1978). Mind in society: The development of higher psychological processes. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Waite and Swisher, 2018 Waite, D. , & Swisher, J. R. (2018). Administrators behaving (and being treated) badly under neoliberal global conditions: Playing players played. In E. A. Samier & P. Milley (Eds.), International perspectives on maladministration in education: Theories, research, and critiques (pp. 184199). New York, NY: Taylor and Francis.

Waite and Swisher, 2019 Waite, D. , & Swisher, J. R. (2019). Migrants, immigrants, refugees, and other boxes into which we put one another. In K. Arar , J. Brooks , & I. Bogotch (Eds.), Education, immigration, and migration: Policy, leadership, and praxis for a changing world. Bingley: Emerald Publishing Limited.

Weber, 1958 Weber, M. (1958). The protestant ethic and the spirit of capitalism. New York, NY: Scribner.

Wilkinson and Kaukko, 2020 Wilkinson, J. , & Kaukko, M. (2020). Educational leading as pedagogical love: The case for refugee education. International Journal of Leadership in Education, 23(1), 7085. doi:10.1080/13603124.2019.1629492

Woodrow, 2014 Woodrow, G. J. (2014). The pyramid approach: A framework for raising student achievement. Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield Publishers.

Worldwide Refugee Admissions Processing System, 2020 Worldwide Refugee Admissions Processing System . (2020, July 31). Admissions and arrivals. Retrieved from

Yosso, 2005 Yosso, T. (2005). Whose culture has capital? A critical race theory discussion of community cultural wealth. Race, Ethnicity, and Education, 8(1), 6991.