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Disaster Management Policies, Institutions and Practices in South Africa

Emmanuel Innocents Edoun (Tschwane School of Business and Society, South Africa)
Genevieve Fotso Bakam (University of Johannesburg, South Africa)

Disaster Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies, Institutions and Processes

ISBN: 978-1-80262-818-0, eISBN: 978-1-80262-817-3

Publication date: 21 April 2022


As South Africa (SA) increasingly becomes overwhelmed by natural disasters, understanding disaster risk reduction (DRR) policies, institutions, processes and practices and their effects on disaster risk management (DRM) are incumbent The study reviews and empirically analyses policies, institutional frameworks and processes for disaster management in SA. Content analysis is applied to review topical secondary data, while a structured questionnaire informed by the Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction is used to collect quantitative data from a random sample of 228 disaster policy actors from five disaster-stricken metropolitan cities in five provinces in SA, namely North-West, Free State, KwaZulu-Natal, Limpopo and Mpumalanga. Empirical data were analysed using the Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) software. Research findings reveal that SA is endowed with rich institutional policy and legal frameworks for DRM, based on the concepts of decentralisation and stakeholder participation. A positive and strong correlation between institutional framework, disaster risk identification and prioritisation, knowledge creation and management (KCM) as well as the disaster governance and DRM in SA (p = 0.000). Although the coefficient of KCM is not statistically significant, DRM behaviour was influenced at 87.2% by all four variables. Based on the recent disaster experiences and the above results, we advocate for DRR to be continuously prioritised at national and decentralised levels, to enhance effective preparedness, mitigation, disaster response and resilience building practices in SA.



Edoun, E.I. and Bakam, G.F. (2022), "Disaster Management Policies, Institutions and Practices in South Africa", Balgah, R.A. and Kimengsi, J.N. (Ed.) Disaster Management in Sub-Saharan Africa: Policies, Institutions and Processes, Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 167-193.



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Copyright © 2022 Emmanuel Innocents Edoun, Genevieve Fotso Bakam