Industry 4.0 and Global Businesses

ISBN: 978-1-80117-327-8, eISBN: 978-1-80117-326-1

Publication date: 21 January 2022


(2022), "Prelims", Yakut, E. (Ed.) Industry 4.0 and Global Businesses, Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. i-xiii.



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Copyright © 2022 Enis Yakut. Published under exclusive licence by Emerald Publishing Limited

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Industry 4.0 and Global Businesses

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Industry 4.0 and Global Businesses: A Multidisciplinary Investigation

Edited by

Enis Yakut

Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey

United Kingdom – North America – Japan – India – Malaysia – China

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Emerald Publishing Limited

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First edition 2022

Editorial matter and selection © 2022 Enis Yakut. Published under exclusive licence by Emerald Publishing Limited.

Individual chapters © 2022 the authors. Published under exclusive licence by Emerald Publishing Limited.

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ISBN: 978-1-80117-327-8 (Print)

ISBN: 978-1-80117-326-1 (Online)

ISBN: 978-1-80117-328-5 (Epub)

List of Figures

Figure 1.1. Five Skills of Human Capital 4.0.
Figure 2.1. The Potential Pathways of the Chain Structure.
Figure 2.2. The Potential Pathways of Regulatory Response.
Figure 2.3. The Potential Pathways of the Market Evolution.
Figure 2.4. The Potential Pathways of the Revolution of the Financial Intermediation.
Figure 3.1. The Estimated Increase in Digital Data Production over the Years.
Figure 4.1. Key Elements of Internet of Things (IoT) Ecosystem.
Figure 6.1. Responsiveness Scores Distribution (Model 1).
Figure 6.2. Responsiveness Scores Distribution (Model 2).
Figure 7.1. E-commerce Overview.
Figure 7.2. E-commerce Adoption of Countries.
Figure 7.3. E-commerce Sales Growth (Billion $).
Figure 7.4. Number of Social Media Users (Billion).
Figure 7.5. Pre- and Post-Covid-19 Global e-commerce Revenue Change (Billion $).
Figure 7.6. Global e-commerce Growth by Category.
Figure 8.1. Relationship Network Diagram.
Figure 9.1. Gross Domestic Product (GDP) and Trade Share of Asian and European Countries.
Figure 11.1. The Total Revenues of the Top 10 Clubs in the Deloitte Football Money League.
Figure 12.1. Integration Framework for the Development of Digital Supply Chain.

List of Tables

Table 1.1. Changing Fabric of Skills on Demand.
Table 1.2. Jobs in High versus Low Demand.
Table 5.1. B2B Websites Approved by the Turkish Ministry of Trade.
Table 5.2. Sources of Criteria and Proposed Website Assessment Framework.
Table 5.3. First Step Criteria's Findings.
Table 5.4. Second Step Criteria's Findings.
Table 5.5. Last Step Criteria's Findings.
Table 6.1. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emission per Capita (Tonnes) Descriptive Statistics of Countries (1959–2018).
Table 6.2. Carbon Dioxide (CO2) Emissions log(t) Convergence Test Results.
Table 6.3. Single Factor Responsiveness Scores (Model 1).
Table 6.4. Single Factor Responsiveness Scores (Model 2).
Table 7.1. Social Commerce Design Principles.
Table 8.1. Binary Comparison Scale.
Table 8.2. 3D Printer Alternatives and Criteria.
Table 8.3. Direct Relationship Matrix (Z).
Table 8.4. Normalized Direct Relationship Matrix (X).
Table 8.5. Total Impact Matrix (T).
Table 8.6. Importance and Relationship Matrix.
Table 8.7. Initial Matrix for Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP) Calculation.
Table 8.8. Criterion Weights.
Table 8.9. Initial Matrix for VIKOR Calculation.
Table 8.10. S, R, and Q Values of VIKOR Method.
Table 9.1. Cross-sectional Dependence Test Results.
Table 9.2. Second-generation Panel Unit Root Test (PESCADF) Results.
Table 9.3. Westerlund (2007) Panel Cointegration Results.
Table 9.4. Dumitrescu and Hurlin (2012) Panel Causality Test Results.
Table 10.1. Principles of Universal Design.
Table 11.1. Impact of COVID-19 on Selected European Football Leagues.
Table 12.1. Literature about Logistics 4.0.
Table 12.2. Literature about Smart/Digital Supply Chain Management.
Table 12.3. Historical Evolution of Logistics.

List of Contributors

Muhammet Enes Akpinar Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
Sezai Bahar Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
Erdi Bayram Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
Deniz Dirik Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
Selim Duramaz Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
Ümit Hasan Gözkonan Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
Tuna Can Güleç Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
Ismail Metin Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
Ramazan Nacar Bursa Technical University, Turkey
Askın Özdağoğlu Dokuz Eylül University, Turkey
Kadir Ozdemir Şırnak University, Turkey
Ahmed Yusuf Sarihan Bandırma Onyedi Eylül University, Turkey
Ayberk Şeker Bursa Technical University, Turkey
Halil Şimdi Sakarya University, Turkey
Hakan Tunahan Sakarya University, Turkey
Sultan Nezihe Turhan Galatasaray University, Turkey
Ayşe Dilşad Yakut Ibn Haldun University, Turkey
Enis Yakut Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey
Selim Baha Yıldız Manisa Celal Bayar University, Turkey


First, I would like to thank the authors for their time and expertise. Without their contribution, this book would not be possible.

Second, I would like to thank the reviewers for their insightful comments to enhance the quality, coherence, and content delivery of the chapters. Most of the authors also served as referees; I greatly appreciate the burden that they voluntarily undertook. Specifically my special thanks go to the respected reviewers Selim Baha Yıldız (PhD), Tuna Can Güleç (PhD), İlayda İpek (PhD), Ayberk Şeker (PhD), İsmail Metin (PhD), Aşkın Özdağoğlu (PhD), Taner Taş (PhD), Esra Akgül (PhD), Selim Duramaz (PhD), Ebru Sürücü Balcı (PhD), and Özlem Yılmaz Metin.

Third, I would like to thank the editorial and production team at Emerald Publishing and their support from the beginning to the end.

Lastly, I am always grateful to my family for always being there and supporting me.

Enis Yakut