This chapter reviews the role of industrial parks (IP) as drivers of export-led industrialisation in Ethiopia. For several decades, IPs or special economic zones have been promoted as policy instruments to attract investment, create jobs and promote exports of manufactured goods. However, their popularity as policy instruments has been mainly associated with the successful export-led industrialisation of emerging economies in East Asia where IPs have played a critical role not only in attracting investment and promoting export-led growth but also transferring technology, promoting technological learning and industrial development and jump-starting the process of economic diversification and structural transformation. Ethiopia, along with other African countries, is among the latest to introduce IPs as major drivers of economic diversification and export-led industrialisation. As a newcomer, Ethiopia can learn many valuable lessons from more successful cases. This chapter explores some of the lessons that Ethiopia can draw from other countries’ experience as it continues to build additional parks to attract investment and push its industrialisation agenda.
Tesfachew, T. (2021), "Industrial Parks in Ethiopia: Newcomer Advantages", Nziku, D.M. and Struthers, J.J. (Ed.) Enterprise and Economic Development in Africa, Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 259-275. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80071-322-220211015
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