Purpose: This chapter discusses some policy options that central banks may find useful in dealing with climate change risk in the financial sector.
Methodology: This chapter uses discursive analysis to suggest policy options which central banks can use to deal with the risk of climate change in the financial sector.
Findings: Five policy options are proposed in the chapter, which includes: imposing a climate change capital surcharge; impose a fixed-rate risk capital – based on Tier 2 capital; a reduction in lending to industries whose activities destroy the environment and climate; creating a climate bank; and requiring financial institutions to relocate their important assets to areas less prone to climate change events.
Implication: Several policy experiments are needed to identify the best policy option that works best for each country while taking into account the unique financial sector, financial system, and climate change history of each country.
Originality: Central banks play an important role in regulating the financial sector and in managing its inherent risks, yet there are no studies that suggest policy solutions to help central banks and other financial sector regulators deal with the risk that climate change poses to the financial sector. This chapter suggests policy options that central banks can use to deal with the risk that climate change poses to the financial sector.
Ozili, P.K. (2021), "Managing Climate Change Risk: The Policy Options for Central Banks", Özen, E., Grima, S. and Gonzi, R.D. (Ed.) New Challenges for Future Sustainability and Wellbeing (Emerald Studies in Finance, Insurance, and Risk Management), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 307-318. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80043-968-920211016
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