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Determinants of Nonperforming Loans: A Review of Empirical Evidence

New Challenges for Future Sustainability and Wellbeing

ISBN: 978-1-80043-969-6, eISBN: 978-1-80043-968-9

Publication date: 21 May 2021


Purpose: The main purpose of this chapter is to thoroughly investigate the diverse literature available concerning nonperforming loans (NPLs) and its determinants by studying and analyzing the empirical studies from 1985 to 2019.

Design/Methodology: A qualitative approach is being incorporated, and by using content analysis, various previous studies are reviewed and important issues like the objectives, methodology, key findings, and variables are reported.

Findings: The study tries to compile the main findings from the various studies done concerning NPLs and its determinants. The study shows how various determinants both bank-specific and macroeconomic affect the banking structure and thus the NPLs, in different countries and at different periods of time. The study also highlights how countries’ banking structure got affected by various economic phenomena like recession, contagious effect of the financial crisis, banking Basel norms, and NPL management strategies. Further major issues like data acquisition, lack of data reporting, countries specific banking conditions, methodologies used in the analysis, scarce resources, and disclosure hindrance which are faced by previous studies were also reported.

Originality/Value: As there are very few studies that provide a detailed viewpoint on NPLs and its determinants in this area, this research will provide a concise and detailed framework for the researchers to analyses the diverse literature on NPLs and its determinates.




This research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.


Syed, A.A. (2021), "Determinants of Nonperforming Loans: A Review of Empirical Evidence", Özen, E., Grima, S. and Gonzi, R.D. (Ed.) New Challenges for Future Sustainability and Wellbeing (Emerald Studies in Finance, Insurance, and Risk Management), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 277-306.



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