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The Performance of Pension Funds and Their Impact on Economic Growth in OECD Countries*

New Challenges for Future Sustainability and Wellbeing

ISBN: 978-1-80043-969-6, eISBN: 978-1-80043-968-9

Publication date: 21 May 2021


Purpose: With this study, the authors aim to analyze and highlight the financial performance of pension funds (public and private) and their impact on the economic growth of The Organisation for Economic Co-­operation and Development (OECD) countries, while taking into account the effect of market capitalization, inflation, and public debt.

Methodology: To carry out this analysis, the authors subjected our secondary data (derived from published in the annual reports of the OECD, the World Bank and the IMF) to econometric tests, specifically linear regression, random effect, fixed effect, the Hausman–Taylor Regression, the Generalized Estimating Equations (GEE), the Generalized Method of Moments – Arellano – Bond Estimation (GMM) and carried out an analysis of linear trends through the historical method and comparative method.

Findings: Based on the empirical results of this study, the authors conclude that the assets of public and private pension funds have positively affected the economic growth of OECD countries (2002–2018).

Practical Implications: This study provides an overview of the functioning of pension systems in OECD countries as well as the effects of these pension funds on their economic growth. Moreover, it provides additional new knowledge for governments and policymakers in these countries and a good source of information for all employees (whether public or private), on the quality and standards of living after retirement.

Significance: The importance of this study rests on the fact that OECD countries have a highly developed economy and have high-performance financial markets. Therefore, this highlights the importance of investments by pension funds in their financial markets for economic growth and for the indirect effects caused on their economies.



Morina, F. and Grima, S. (2021), "The Performance of Pension Funds and Their Impact on Economic Growth in OECD Countries*", Özen, E., Grima, S. and Gonzi, R.D. (Ed.) New Challenges for Future Sustainability and Wellbeing (Emerald Studies in Finance, Insurance, and Risk Management), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 17-47.



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