Index

Media, Technology and Education in a Post-Truth Society

ISBN: 978-1-80043-907-8, eISBN: 978-1-80043-906-1

Publication date: 8 July 2021

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

(2021), "Index", Grech, A. (Ed.) Media, Technology and Education in a Post-Truth Society (Digital Activism and Society: Politics, Economy And Culture In Network Communication), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 285-295. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-80043-906-120211021

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2021 Alex Grech. Published by Emerald Publishing under an exclusive licence


INDEX

Absolute truth
, 139–140

Absorptive capacity
, 99

Academic credit
, 213

Accidental Napalm
, 192–193

Accountability
, 167

Aesthetic manipulation
, 183

Aesthetic modification
, 178

Affect
, 17, 266–267

Affirmative action
, 12, 22

Africentric Alternative Schools (AASs)
, 22–23

Afrocentric schools
, 22–23

Agentic perspective
, 157

Agreeableness
, 44, 47

Airbrushing
, 178

Alhurra
, 62

AllCrypt
, 227

Alphabet (Google)
, 120

Alternative facts
, 4, 115–116

Amazon
, 78, 235

American Civil War
, 192–193

American Library Association
, 31–32

Anchoring of data
, 260

Anesthetics
, 199

Annotations
, 148

Anti-foundationalism
, 25

Anti-potterites
, 83

Apple
, 120

Applied research
, 217

Apprenticeship
, 209

Arab Journalism
, 64–66

Arab Spring
, 162

Arbitration Committee
, 136

Arizona State University (ASU)
, 212

Artificial intelligence (AI)
, 30–31, 42–43, 48

Artificial superintelligence
, 43

Attitudes, skills, and knowledge (ASK)
, 205

applied research and common good
, 217

ASK-SkillsCredit badge
, 209–210

ASK-SkillsCredit Dashboard
, 212–216

assessment and verification
, 212

career and student success
, 216

internationalization
, 217

key attributes of problem
, 205–207

model
, 208–212

solutions others
, 207–208

universities
, 216

Authenticity in Arab media ecosystem
, 63

Authoritarianism
, 61

Authority
, 272–273

authority-versus-individual continuum model
, 36

epistemic
, 12

Automation
, 45, 67

Awareness of fake images
, 184

Badges
, 207

Balkans
, 194–197

Belief
, 85

Biased language
, 148

“Big 5” personality traits
, 44

Big data science
, 3

Biological drive
, 211

Bitcoin
, 225–227, 244, 259–260

Bitcoin Core
, 247–248

Bitcoinia
, 227

Bitomat
, 227

Black-boxed algorithms
, 3

Blended-capital paradigm
, 98–99

Blitzkrieg media
, 160

Block
, 259–260

Blockchain
, 225–226, 243–244, 248, 250

bitcoin
, 225–226

carnival of incompetence
, 226–227

distributed ledger technology
, 225–228

economic ideas of Karl Marx
, 228–229

labour vs. capital
, 229–231

network
, 259–260

nostalgia vs. future
, 231–233

promise
, 233–234

systems
, 244, 247

technology
, 255–256

as technology in digital economy
, 234–237

terminology
, 226

trust in blockchain as decentralised governance system
, 250–251

truth
, 243–246, 248

Blogs
, 4

Bobble service
, 262

Bordeaux Declaration
, 149

Brexit
, 140

BTC
, 227

California Consumer Privacy Act (CCPA)
, 89

Capital
, 228–229, 231, 237–238

Career and student success
, 216

Celebrity news
, 127

Censorship
, 29–30, 60

of information
, 79–80

trials
, 31

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
, 34

Centrality of digital media
, 162

Chronicle of Higher Education, The
, 34

Citizen journalism
, 197–198

Civil societies
, 167

Civility
, 137–138

Clickbait
, 142

CNN
, 138–139

Code breaker
, 86

Code of Principles
, 82–83

Cognitive nihilism
, 12

Cognitive skills
, 44–45

Coherence
, 12, 166

metaphysical supporters
, 13

theory
, 13

Colour-blind ideology
, 24

Commercialization
, 278

Commodity
, 126

Common good
, 217

Communication. See also Technology
, 4, 157

politics and
, 169

skills
, 45–46

technologies
, 57

Communications Decency Act
, 5–6

Competency
, 85–86

Compositing
, 178

Compulsory schooling
, 44–45

Computation
, 246

Computer running software-based artificial general intelligence
, 43

Conscientiousness
, 44

Consensus mechanism
, 259–260

Consensus truth
, 140

Conspiracy theories
, 34, 257

Contemporary news in MENA
, 60–64

Content business model
, 30–31

Content Identifier (CID)
, 213

Content moderation
, 75, 79–81

Context of publication
, 275

Context-bound definitions
, 216

Convenience
, 118

Convergence
, 113

Copyright
, 29–30

Coronavirus pandemic
, 34

Correspondence
, 12

Counterbalancing news sources and competing truths
, 64–66

Counterhistory
, 192

Counternarratives
, 66

COVID-19
, 34, 46–47

infodemic
, 76–78

pandemic
, 62, 75, 101–102

Cratylus
, 13

Creative, Culture Industry (CCI)
, 209–210

Creative commons
, 136

Creativity
, 100–101

Credibility of media
, 148

Crimea War
, 192–193

Crisis
, 124–125

Critical literacy
, 75

COVID-19 Infodemic
, 76–78

education fit for societal purpose
, 83–88

to moderate or not to moderate
, 80–83

to regulate or not to regulate
, 78–80

Critical news literacy
, 67–68

Cropping
, 177

Cryptocapital
, 237

Cryptocurrency
, 226, 243–244

Cryptographic signatures
, 244

Cultural invention
, 126

Cultural pluralism
, 139–140

Cultural significance
, 124

Culture
, 272

digital
, 157

organizational
, 100–101

of secrecy
, 60

Current news
, 57–60

Custom
, 29–30

Cyber polarization
, 65–66

Cyber-dissent
, 61

Data
, 236–237

Decentralisation
, 255–256, 267

Decentralised identifier (DID)
, 261–262

Decentralised technologies
, 258–259

Decentralised verification technologies
, 258–259

barriers and challenges
, 266–267

decentralised web
, 263–266

DLT
, 259–260

self-sovereign data
, 262

SSI
, 260–262

Web
, 256–258

Decentralised web
, 263–266

Decentralized autonomous organizations (DAOs)
, 104–105

Decentralized schooling marketplace, OI relevance in
, 97–100

Decline of news
, 126–128

Deductive reasoning
, 245

Deep Fakes
, 182, 185

technology
, 176

videos
, 182

DeepTrust Alliance
, 6–7

Deflationis
, 12

Deglobalization
, 126

Democracy
, 12, 130, 148, 204

immune system
, 205

and truth
, 16–18

Democratic Party
, 146

Descartes
, 274

Dialectic understanding of truth
, 12

Dialogic understanding of truth
, 22–25

Dialogue and post-truth
, 19–22

Digital apprenticeship bridge
, 209

Digital badges
, 207–208

Digital communication
, 4, 158

Digital cultures
, 157

Digital data
, 4

Digital economy, blockchain as technology in
, 234–237

Digital identity
, 258

Digital learning
, 206

Digital media. See also Social media
, 4, 156

easiness of digital media production
, 156

for online activism
, 162

Digital platforms
, 157–158

Digital politics
, 158

Digital strategy
, 156

Digital tools
, 148

Digital trust technologies
, 104–105

Digital video
, 129

Disinformation
, 57–58, 66, 77

Distributed design
, 213

Distributed leadership in schools
, 103

Distributed ledger technology (DLT)
, 104–105, 225–228, 259–260

Distributed technologies
, 99

Distrust
, 67–68

Diversity
, 140, 148

Divine Comedy, The
, 164–165

DNS
, 263

Documentary photography
, 192–193

Domain-specific knowledge
, 87

Donald Trump
, 3–4

original election motto
, 153

Dutch Broadcasting Foundation
, 152–153

Dysfunctional politics
, 56

Dyson sphere
, 280

Dystopia
, 58

Economist, The
, 117

Editors
, 148

Editorships
, 148

Education
, 5, 47, 156

Education 1.0
, 47

Education 2.0
, 47

Education 3.0
, 47

Education 4.0
, 47–49

erosion of trust in
, 7

implications for
, 44–47

information politics of
, 36

system
, 40, 44

Educational institutions
, 120

Educational leadership
, 97

Educational supply
, 42

Effect on self-perception
, 186

Electric telegraph
, 124

Embedding Improvement Science processes
, 99

Emotional stability
, 44

Empathy
, 47

Empirical reasoning
, 245

Employment
, 41

Encryption
, 213, 263–264

Encyclopedia
, 137

Endorsement
, 29–30

Epic of Gilgamesh
, 164–165

Epistemic authority
, 12

Epistemic democracy
, 16–17

Epistemological crisis
, 84–85

Epistemology
, 12, 272

Ethereum
, 227, 245, 259–260

blockchain systems
, 249

Ethics
, 189–190

European Blockchain Services Infrastructure initiative (EBSI initiative)
, 251

European Digital Services Act
, 250

Everyday science
, 275–276

Experience
, 272

External drive
, 211

Extraversion
, 44

Face2Face
, 185

Facebook
, 4, 79–81, 120, 125, 141, 152–153, 234–235, 257–258

FaceSwap
, 185

Fact-checking
, 204–205, 214

Factor of production
, 228

Facts
, 56, 134

Faith
, 129

Fake news
, 34, 59–60, 62, 75, 77, 114–115, 146, 149, 204, 257

doing something about
, 140–141

media
, 116

overall function of MMGA trustmark
, 151

quote of Daphne Caruana Galizia at protest memorial
, 152

screening, selection and training process overview
, 147

test results adoption indication MMGA trustmark
, 150

Wikipedia and
, 135–139

Fake videos
, 180, 182

Fake visuals
, 176, 185

False connection
, 77

False contextualization
, 148

Falsehood
, 116, 119

Fatberg
, 134–135

Federated authentication
, 256

Finance higher education
, 49

Finance schooling
, 44–45

Financial Times
, 34

Fluid modernity
, 12

FOAF
, 258–259

Foucault’s approach
, 14

Four Resources Model
, 86

Fourth Industrial Revolution. See Industry 4.0

Free
, 136

Free plus data mining
, 30–31

Freirean perspective of Post-truth society
, 19–22

Fukoku Mutual Life Insurance
, 42

Garden of Forking Paths (Borges)
, 250

General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR)
, 250

Ghraib, Abu
, 197–199

GitHub
, 96–97, 104–105

Globalization
, 46, 97–98

Google, Amazon, Facebook, Apple (GAFA)
, 78

Google
, 125, 133–134

Google PageRank algorithm
, 235

services
, 263

Governance
, 251

mechanisms
, 101

in OI
, 97

Government regulation
, 79

Graph
, 235

“Great Firewall” police
, 29–30

Great Hack, The
, 6–7

Hack
, 115

Harmonized learning outcomes
, 41

Hashtag laundering
, 66–67

HASTAC/MacArthur Foundation Badges
, 208

Hermeneutic circle
, 274–275

Hero’s Journey
, 163

storytelling techniques of
, 166

High-performing economies
, 42–43

Higher social skills
, 41

Historical truth
, 191–192

Hoax
, 115

Hope and post-truth
, 19–22

HTTP
, 263

Human Capital Project
, 41

Human civilization
, 129

Humanities
, 274–275

Hunt
, 278

IC’s campaign
, 159, 167

and framework
, 160–162

under storytelling lenses
, 162–167

Ideas
, 100–101

Illusion of truth effect
, 82

Image manipulation software
, 176

Images today
, 199–200

Immutability
, 213, 243–244

Individual agency
, 31

Individualism
, 231

Inductive reasoning
, 245

Industry 4.0
, 47–49

Inequality, steady growth of
, 129

Inflation
, 229–230

Influencers
, 161

Infodemic
, 46–47, 75

Information
, 66, 148

control systems
, 29–30

disorder
, 77

gatekeepers
, 3, 30

systems
, 32–33

Information ecology
, 57–60

in MENA
, 60–64

Information literacy
, 36, 205

movement
, 31–32

Information politics
, 29–30, 35–36

of education
, 36

flood of information and tools
, 34

on individual minds
, 32

QAnon phenomenon
, 33

spectrum
, 33

Innovation
, 96, 100–101

Innovative finance programs
, 50

Institution
, 123

Insurrection Act of 1807
, 7

Intellectual humility
, 32

Inter-American Development Bank (IDB)
, 207

International Fact-Checking Network
, 82–83

International Monetary Fund
, 126

Internationalization
, 217

Internet
, 56–57, 61–62, 152–153, 255–256

companies
, 5–6

penetration
, 61

Internet Society (ISOC)
, 153

Interoperability
, 251

Intersubjective perspective
, 274

Intrinsic motivation
, 211

Java
, 104–105

Journalism
, 113–114, 118, 123, 130, 158–159, 189

Journalist photographers
, 177–178

Journalistic objectivity
, 148

Journalists
, 175

JSON-LD
, 258–259, 266

Judgement
, 13

Karl Marx, economic ideas of
, 228–229

Knowledge
, 247, 272, 278

informed
, 3

OS relevance in knowledge societies
, 100–102

Kony 2012 Campaign

case study
, 159–167

storytelling as agent of order
, 158–159

Kudos
, 208

Labor market
, 41, 44–45

Labour
, 228–229, 231, 237–238

party
, 146–147

LDflex
, 258–259, 266

Learning

automation challenge
, 42–44

challenge in Twenty-first Century
, 40–42

Education 4.0
, 47–49

future research
, 49–50

implications for education systems
, 44–47

poverty
, 41

Learning management systems (LMSs)
, 209

Legacy media
, 30–31

Legitimacy
, 56

Liberal pragmatism
, 24

Liberation
, 24

Libertarian thinking
, 31

Licensing
, 29–30

Lifelong learning
, 210–211

Light
, 156–157

LightningTM user interface
, 212–213

Linked Data
, 258–259, 261–262

Lip-synching
, 182

Literacy
, 47

Loanbase
, 227

Logic
, 13, 58, 247

Machines
, 43

Macroscale authorities
, 29–30

Madonna Tempi
, 195

Make Media Great Again (MMGA)
, 145–148

Malice
, 137–138

Manipulated content
, 77

Many-to-one orientation
, 101–102

Mass communications
, 214

Massacre of Innocents
, 196–197

Math skill
, 41

Meaning maker
, 86

Media
, 3–4, 175

companies
, 205

credibility
, 148

ecology
, 56–58

ecosystem
, 4

erosion of trust in
, 7

literacy
, 31–32, 67–68

organizations
, 149

outlets
, 204–205

strategy
, 170

Memes
, 217

Merkle hashing
, 213

Merkle proof
, 261

Metaphysics
, 271–272

Microsoft
, 120

Middle East, Posttruth in
, 56–57

Middle East and North Africa (MENA)
, 56

Posttruth in Middle East
, 56–57

truth, posttruth, and contemporary news and information ecology in MENA
, 60–64

truth, posttruth, and current news and information ecology
, 57–60

truth decay, distrust, and critical media literacy
, 67–68

truth in transnational Arab journalism
, 64–66

Misinformation
, 34, 57–58, 66, 77, 145–146, 148

Mistrust of image truth
, 179

Moderation, content
, 75, 79–81

Modernist intellectuals
, 18–19

Mythologization
, 190–191

Narratives
, 66

arc approach
, 163

storytelling techniques of
, 166

National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
, 5–6

Negative space
, 170

Network corruption
, 152

Network effects of Internet
, 152

Networked digital technologies
, 29–30

NeuralTextures
, 185

New factor of production
, 234

New Holy Grail resolving
, 158

New media
, 113

New York Times
, 118

News. See also Fake news
, 123–124

as drama
, 127–128

and information ecology
, 57–60

media industry
, 152–153, 209–210

Newspapers
, 204–205

Newsrooms
, 148

Nodes
, 235

Noncognitive skills
, 44, 47

NOS website
, 146–147

Nostalgia vs. future
, 231–233

Numeracy
, 47

Objective reality
, 13, 272

Objective truth
, 140

Objectivity
, 113–114, 134, 272

Odyssey, The
, 164–165

One-to-many orientation
, 101–102

Ontario scenario
, 22–25

Ontological event of truth
, 274–275

Ontologies
, 258–259

Open Blockchain
, 208

Open educational resources (OERs)
, 209

Open governance
, 106

Open innovation (OI)
, 96

relevance in decentralized schooling marketplace
, 97–100

transferability of
, 97

Open knowledge
, 142

Open source (OS)
, 96

relevance in knowledge societies
, 100–102

transferability of
, 97

Open University (OU)
, 208

Open-source software (OSS)
, 96–97

OpenLearn badges
, 208

Openness
, 47, 96–98

to experience
, 44

Organizational leaders
, 106

Pack
, 278, 280–281

Palestinian digital rights
, 60

PBS NewsHour
, 128

Pedagogy of Freedom
, 19–20

Peer-to-peer networks
, 247

People
, 123

Perception
, 190

Personal broadcast systems
, 4

Personal data
, 255–256, 258

stores
, 255–256

Personal experience
, 272–273

Phenomenology
, 156–157

Photo forensics
, 176

Photographs
, 190–192, 194

Photography
, 190–191

Photojournalism
, 193

PISA 2018
, 46

Plausibility
, 166

Podcasts
, 4, 129

Pods
, 262

Policy-making
, 170–171

Political actors
, 157–158

Political control
, 57

Political language
, 31

Political stability
, 62

Politics

and communication
, 169

of information
, 29–30

Poor journalism
, 148

Post-Arab spring media ecology
, 66

Post-Enlightenment
, 129

Post-production
, 177

Post-truth
, 2–4, 57, 60, 75, 243–244

age
, 134–135

era
, 18–19

in MENA
, 60–64

in Middle East
, 56–57

moment
, 12

phenomenon
, 49–50

reality
, 149

Wikipedia and
, 139–140

Post-truth society
, 18, 40, 264

democracy and truth
, 16–18

dialogic understanding of truth
, 22–25

hope, dialogue and post-truth
, 19–22

post-truth era
, 18–19

theories of truth
, 12–15

truth and truthfulness
, 15–16

Post-truth visuals

data results
, 184–186

manipulation strata
, 177–179

survey
, 179–184

Postnews journalism

crisis
, 124–125

future of news
, 128–129

news as drama
, 127–128

notifications not news
, 128

turn inwards
, 125–127

Potterism
, 74

Practice
, 123

Pragmatist
, 12

Prediction
, 236

Principles of Enlightenment
, 129

Private blockchain network
, 260

Pro-choice
, 139

Pro-life
, 139

Problem-solving skills
, 45–46

Profession
, 123

Professional journalism
, 175

Professional learning communities (PLCs)
, 101–102

Professional training
, 29–30

Programmable trust
, 102–105

Proof of stake
, 259–260

Proof-of-work algorithms
, 246, 259–260

Protocol
, 247–248

Provenator
, 204

Public opinions
, 167

Public relations (PR)
, 128

Publication and Free Access to Information Act (2009)
, 60

Publishing credit
, 213

Punctum
, 164

QAnon phenomenon
, 33

Quadratic voting/funding
, 104–105

QuadrigaCX
, 227

Quality of education
, 40

Quality of media
, 148

Radical democracy
, 20

Radio
, 129

Radio Sawa
, 62

RDF
, 258–259

Re-thinking Objectivity
, 113–114

Reality
, 271–272

Reasoning
, 275

Regimes of truth
, 14

Regulation
, 6–7, 79

Relational understanding of truth
, 12

Relativity
, 134

Reorientation
, 106

Research as Inquiry
, 32

Resilience
, 265–266

Respect
, 137–138

Responsibility in posttruth
, 120

Return on investment (ROI)
, 226, 234

Robots
, 43

Saving the Associate Arts Degree
, 211–212

Science
, 272

of subject
, 274–275

Scientific methods
, 276

Scottish National Party
, 74

Self-sovereign data
, 262

Self-sovereign identity (SSI)
, 255–256, 260, 262

Semi-complete censorship of twentieth century
, 56

Servicemen’s Readjustment Act (1944)
, 230

ShapeRepo
, 266

Shifting truth
, 139–140

Sight
, 190

Situational truth
, 139–140

Skill(s)
, 43, 45, 85–86

assessment
, 216

monetary value
, 216

ontologies
, 216

skill-biased technological change
, 42

students
, 211–212

Smart contracts
, 104–105, 245, 260

Social bubble effect
, 257

Social constructivist
, 12

Social Dilemma, The
, 6–7

Social embedding
, 86

Social inclusion
, 61

Social liberal
, 146–147

Social media. See also Digital media
, 3, 61–62, 78, 156, 255–256

actions
, 161

influencers
, 114

platforms
, 3

Social security funds
, 257

Social skills
, 41

Social sponsorship
, 124

Social technologies
, 277–278

Social world
, 4

Societal reorientation

new orientations and programmable trust
, 102–105

OI relevance in decentralized schooling marketplace
, 97–100

OS relevance in knowledge societies
, 100–102

Society
, 1, 204, 228

Society for Human Resource Management Labs (SHRM Labs)
, 209–210

Socioemotional skills
, 44, 47

Soft power campaigns
, 29–30

Solid project
, 262

Source criticism
, 275

Soylent Green
, 34–35

Spanish-speaking countries
, 141

Staccato messages
, 124

State Department (SD)
, 157

Stimulated democratization
, 61

#StopHateForProfit campaign
, 80–81

Storyline
, 159

Storytelling

as agent of order
, 158–159

Freytag’s five consequential parts in analysis of dramatic work
, 163

IC’s campaign under storytelling lenses
, 162–167

semiotic strategies
, 165

Student Learning Passport
, 208

Studium
, 164

Subjective truth
, 139–140

Subjectivity
, 274

Supporting evidence
, 275

Surety
, 225

Surveillance capitalism
, 3

Sustainability
, 96–97

Syllabus, The
, 6–7

Symbols
, 65

Syrian Electronic Army (SEA)
, 65

Systems of resistance
, 250

TalentoLab
, 209–210

Tall Tale
, 115

Tamperproof data
, 243–244

Tax Cuts and Jobs Act (TCJA)
, 232

Teach relevant skills
, 49

Tech
, 234–236

transfer
, 278

Technological change
, 42–43

Technological revolution
, 40

Technological singularity
, 43

Technology
, 3, 6–7, 204, 228, 235

on audience
, 124

behemoths
, 120

erosion of trust in
, 7

Technology, media, and telecommunications (TMT)
, 209

Temporary fork
, 246

Text critic
, 86

Text user
, 86

Textual dimension of journalism
, 123–124

Theme
, 166

Theories of truth
, 12–15

Theory of figuration
, 123

Theory of television
, 123–124

Theory of truth
, 12

‘Theory’ movements
, 86

Thesis
, 275

‘Think vs. Build’ approach
, 7

Third Party Fact-Checking Programme
, 81–82

Toronto District School Board (TDSB)
, 22–23

Traces of constructivist inclination
, 14–15

Transnational Arab journalism, truth in
, 64–66

Transnational Arab media
, 62

Transparency
, 257

True image
, 271–272

Truism
, 77

Trust
, 167, 244, 259–260, 275–276

in blockchain as decentralised governance system
, 250–251

over IP
, 104–105

trust-fulness
, 162

Truth
, 4, 15–16, 56–57, 60, 134, 191–192, 243–244, 271–275

blockchain truth vs.
, 243–246

decay
, 67–68

democracy and
, 16–18

dialogic understanding of
, 22–25

matters
, 40

in MENA
, 60–64

parallels with
, 244

theories of
, 12–15

in transnational Arab journalism
, 64–66

Truth-prosthesis
, 279

Truth-seeker
, 20–21

Truthful news
, 5–6

Truthfulness
, 15–16

of single-base sentences
, 191–192

Turn inwards
, 125–127

Tutoring process
, 210

TV series
, 149

Tweaking
, 177

Tweet-driven politics
, 114

Twenty-first-century media ecologies
, 56

Twitter
, 4, 266–267

UNESCO
, 41

Unfinishedness
, 19–20

United Nations (UN)
, 125

Universal Learner Record (ULR)
, 212

Universalism
, 134

Universities
, 205–206, 216

education
, 230

Upgrade
, 106

User-generated content
, 204

Valletta, Malta
, 271

Valuable Personal Data (VPD)
, 258–259, 263–264

Value credit
, 213

Vanishing Act
, 117–118

Verbal skill sets delivery
, 156

Veridical belief
, 14

Verifiability
, 137

Verifiable Credentials (VCs)
, 261

Verifiers
, 175

Vicoan principle of verum ipsum factum
, 14

Video Game War
, 194

Video journalism
, 128

Virtual reality/extended reality (VR/XR)
, 36

Visual communication
, 158, 163, 167, 190

Visual images
, 163

Visual literacy development
, 156

Visual media
, 156

Visual politics
, 158

Visual polysemy
, 163–164

Visual semiotics
, 156

Visual storytelling
, 157–159, 168

Visual topoi
, 190, 195

Visual truth
, 189, 192

Visual-driven storytelling
, 169

‘Visual’ quality of communication
, 156

Visuality
, 192

Visuals
, 175

Vocational education programs
, 44

W3C standard
, 258–259, 261

Wage growth
, 41

Wage Labour and Capital (Marx)
, 228

Wall Street Journal
, 118

War iconography
, 192–194

War photography
, 189–190

Washington Post
, 118

Washington Post, The
, 115–116

Web
, 255–256, 258, 263–264

applications
, 257

services
, 256

Web 3.0 innovations
, 104–105

WhatsApp
, 4, 234

Wickedness
, 137–138

Wikibooks
, 135

Wikidata
, 135

Wikimedia
, 140–141

Wikimedia Commons
, 135

Wikimedia Foundation
, 135

Wikimedia Movement
, 140

Wikinews
, 135–136

Wikipedia
, 104–105, 133–134

declaring bias
, 134–135

doing something about fake news
, 140–141

and fake news
, 135–139

and post-truth
, 139–140

Wikipedia: Neutral Point of View on Wikipedia (WP:POV)
, 137

Wiktionary
, 135

Workforce readiness
, 204–206

World Economic Forum
, 85–86, 125–126

World Health Organization (WHO)
, 34, 46–47

World Tourism Organization (UNWTO)
, 127

Zero-Knowledge Proof (ZKP)
, 261

Zerocoin
, 227

Prelims
Chapter 1 Introduction to Media, Technology and Education in a Post-Truth Society Introduction
Part 1 Repurposing Education for the Post-truth Society
Chapter 2 Post-truth Society: Toward a Dialogical Understanding of Truth
Chapter 3 Macroauthorities and Microliteracies: The New Terrain of Information Politics
Chapter 4 The Learning Challenge in the Twenty-first Century
Chapter 5 The Pretruth Era in MENA, News Ecology, and Critical News Literacy
Chapter 6 Critical Literacy Is at the Heart of the Answer
Chapter 7 Societal Reorientation via Programmable Trust: A Case for Piloting New Models of Open Governance in Education
Part 2 Repurposing Media for the Post-truth Society
Chapter 8 Fact to Fake: The Media World as It Was and Is Today
Chapter 9 Post-news Journalism in the Post-Enlightenment Era
Chapter 10 How Can Wikipedia Save Us all?: Assuming Good Faith from all Points of View in the Age of Fake News and Post-truth
Chapter 11 Public Rebuttal, Reflection and Responsibility. Or an Inconvenient Answer to Fake News
Chapter 12 The Kony 2012 Campaign: A Milestone of Visual Storytelling for Social Engagement
Chapter 13 Post-truth Visuals, Untruth Visuals
Chapter 14 Reflections on the Visual Truth and War Photography: A Historian's Perspective
Chapter 15 It Is Time for Journalists to Save Journalism
Part 3 Future-proofing for the Post-truth Society
Chapter 16 Karl Marx and the Blockchain
Chapter 17 Two Sides to Every Story. The Truth, Post-truth, and the Blockchain Truth
Chapter 18 Decentralised Verification Technologies and the Web
Chapter 19 How Do We Know What Is True?
Chapter 20 Social Technologies and Their Unplanned Obsolescence
Index