Index

The Right to the Smart City

ISBN: 978-1-78769-140-7, eISBN: 978-1-78769-139-1

Publication date: 7 June 2019

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

(2019), "Index", Cardullo, P., Di Feliciantonio, C. and Kitchin, R. (Ed.) The Right to the Smart City, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 205-216. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78769-139-120191015

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2019 Emerald Publishing Limited


INDEX

Absent citizen
, 10

Accumulation by dispossession
, 3–4, 5

Active citizen
, 10, 11–12, 102–103

Against the Romance of Community (Joseph)
, 101–102

Agonistic relations
, 146–147

Air quality
, 113–114, 116, 118, 155–156

Airbnb
, 90, 188–189

Aircraft noise
, 78–79

Algorithmic democracy
, 80–81

Alternative participatory co-creation approaches
, 179–180

Ambient commons
, 72–73

Ambividuals
, 64

Anonymity
, 170–171

Antagonism
, 146–147

Anticipatory logics of smart cities
, 196

Apartheid state
, 166

API-assisted data collection
, 136–137

Arab Spring
, 168

Archaeological mode
, 197

Archetypical expensive smart city projects
, 178–179

Archistars
, 104

Architectural mode
, 197

Assemblages
, 167

heterogeneous
, 170–171

homeostatic
, 170

Backcasting process
, 197

Barcelona
, 179–180, 187

case
, 199–200

Smart Citizen Flagship projects
, 181

Smart City strategy
, 179–180

technological sovereignty
, 183, 184

Benchmarking
, 166–167

Big data
, 76–77

data vs. knowledge
, 166–169

Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation
, 153

Binaries of nature
, 170–171

Bottom-up dynamics
, 178

Brickstarter (crowdfunding/sourcing platform)
, 45–46

Bricolage
, 170

Bristol Approach
, 119

Californian Ideology
, 154

Cape Town
, 171–172

Capital
, 5–7

Capitalism
, 101–103, 196

Capitalist enclosure
, 5

Center for Urban Science and Progress (CUSP)
, 116

Centralized remote control
, 72–73

Chattanooga (the Gig City)
, 91–92

municipal extra-large broadband
, 86–87

Chennai, smart city
, 32–38

excerpts from
, 36

exclusion from center
, 37–38

key components
, 35

urban efficiency paradigm
, 33–37

Choice architectures
, 61

Citizen (dis-)empowerment
, 155–160

Citizen participation
, 160–161

contextualizing design thinking for
, 153–155

design thinking approaches
, 152

implementation
, 160–161

Citizen-centric initiatives
, 10–11, 44, 46, 135–136, 182

Citizen-centric visions of smart cities
, 193–194

Citizen-focused initiatives
, 10–11, 198–199

Citizen-oriented initiatives
, 44

Citizen(ship)
, 12–13, 160–161, 178, 193–194, 195

data-driven urbanism
, 15–16

empowerment
, 188

sensing
, 114

and smart city
, 9–12

technology
, 127

City commons
, 119–120

City Council participation portal
, 186

City Operating System (City OS)
, 182

City services

corporatization and privatization
, 3

efficiency paradigm
, 30–31

marketization and privatization
, 2–3

tech-led
, 5–6

City-as-exchange-value
, 50–51

City-as-resource
, 74

Civic Consumer and Action group (CAG)
, 32–33

Civic tech
, 72–73, 125–126

between social movement and government reformers
, 128–130

bucket and umbrella definition
, 126–127

as technical pluralism
, 129–130

Civic Tech Field Guide
, 126–127

Civic technologies. See Civic tech

Civic(s)

community-centered smart city
, 119–122

data
, 113–116

engagement
, 60–62, 121, 128

gaming
, 58

hackathon
, 156–157

media
, 72–73

paternalism
, 193–194

quantified community
, 116–119

Civil/legal rights of citizens
, 11

Classical metaphor of pasture
, 74

Climate change
, 146, 152, 196

Climathon
, 152, 156–157

Closed-behind-doors phenomenon
, 79

Cloud computing
, 91

Co-creation
, 154

Co-creators
, 193–194

Co-design
, 154

Co-production
, 154

Code for America (CfA)
, 144–145

Collaboration
, 154

Collective intelligence
, 90–91

Collectivization
, 75–76, 79

Command and control system
, 72–73

Commercial platforms
, 198

Common pool resources (CPOs)
, 73–74

Commoning
, 87–89, 93

Commons
, 73–74, 87–89, 179

ambient
, 72–73

city
, 119–120

data
, 72–75

digital
, 72–73, 88, 90–91

informational
, 72–73

knowledge
, 72–73

maintaining and defending in smart city
, 89–94

networked
, 72–73

notion of
, 72–73

smart city in
, 86

system
, 78–79

urban
, 73–75, 88, 89–90, 93

Commons-as-interface
, 73, 75–77

Commons-based peer production
, 72–73

Communitarian values of sharing
, 89

Communitarianism
, 14

Community
, 101–103

community-centered smart city
, 119–122

community-led projects
, 178

Community Dampbusters team
, 120–121

Computation processes
, 167

Confront marginalization
, 63–64

Connection to urban core
, 106

Consumption
, 101–103, 105–106

Contact Theatre, Manchester (UK)
, 158

Contingency
, 168–169

futures
, 194–195

Contractarianism
, 14

Convergence
, 159

of technologies
, 126–127

Counter-hegemonic initiatives
, 198–199

Critical scholars
, 87–88

Critical smart city scholarship
, 43–44

Critical urban theory
, 5, 18

Cultural fantasy
, 91

Cut and paste urbanism
, 167

Cybernetic thinking
, 2

Cyborg

activism and inner city politics
, 171–174

motif
, 170–171

Dampbusters project
, 120

Dashboards
, 166–167

urbanism
, 18–19

Data
, 166–169

appropriation
, 169–171

capitalism
, 91

commons
, 72–75

deserts
, 79

determinism
, 9

proliferation
, 71–72

refugee
, 145

rescue
, 145

Data-driven to data-enabled right to the city
, 80–81

Data-driven urbanist
, 166

Data-mediated policy perspectives
, 169–170

Datafication
, 77–78

Datafied city

interfacing
, 77–79

right to
, 71–73

Datastudio Eindhoven project
, 77, 79

De facto transfers
, 36–37

De-politicizing urban governance
, 178

Decidim Barcelona
, 182, 184, 186, 188

Decision-makers
, 193–194

Decision-making
, 166–167

Degrowth
, 179

Democratic

engagement
, 61–62

social engineering
, 160

Demographic information
, 8

Design thinking
, 18–19

approaches
, 152

between Stinky Fish and Double Diamonds
, 159–160

citizen participation
, 153–155

facilitation
, 157–159

processes
, 152

spaces
, 155–157

tools
, 159–160

Design-led mode of governing
, 152

Digital

capitalism
, 183

CCTV cameras
, 8

commons
, 72–73, 88, 90–91

computing
, 2

and (disruptive) social innovation
, 188

media
, 71–72

policies
, 199–200

revolution
, 166

social justice and digital city
, 58–60

technologies
, 2–4, 30, 63–64, 103–104

Digital Fabrication Athenaeums (DFA)
, 180–181

Digital-era governance (DEG)
, 166–167

Discursive

practices
, 47

reification of neoliberal smart city
, 46–49

Distributional theory
, 13

Divergence
, 159

Double Diamonds
, 159–160

DSI4BCN
, 186–187

Efficiency paradigm for city services
, 30–31

Egalitarianism
, 14

E-governance
, 2

See also Governance

E-government
, 2

Electric Power Board (EPB)
, 91, 92

Embodied testimonies
, 168–169

Empathy
, 154

Encroachments
, 38

Entrepreneurial

citizenship
, 129, 140

machines
, 140

urbanism
, 195–196

Ethical hackers
, 93

Ethics and smart city
, 7–9

EU-H2020-funded project D-CENT
, 182

European Capital of Innovation Award
, 179–180

European Innovation Partnership for Smart Cities and Communities (EIP-SCC)
, 6, 10–11, 178–179

Event description
, 137

Eventbrite dataset
, 137, 138, 139–140

Evidence-based policy-making
, 166

Fab Labs
, 47–48

FabCity
, 180–181

Fablabs
, 178

Face Your World
, 45–46

Facebook
, 188–189

Failed citizen-centric policies
, 179–180

Fairclough, Norman (critical discourse analyst)
, 47

Fascist regime
, 104

Feminism
, 14

Feminist cultural studies scholarship
, 50

Fiscal austerity
, 196

Flagship projects
, 180–181

Focus-centric hackathon
, 138

Foursquare app
, 62

Fourth industrial revolution
, 188

Free Knowledge Institute (incubators sites)
, 186–187

Funding programs
, 10–11

Future citizens
, 102–103

Future present of smart cities
, 194–198

Future ready (Designathon)
, 152

Galleries, libraries, archives, and museums (GLAM)
, 144

Games
, 61–62

mechanics
, 58, 64

Gamification
, 58, 60–65

of civic life
, 58

effect
, 11–12

Geluidsnet
, 78–79

General citizen
, 10

Genuinely humanizing smart urbanism
, 19, 195–196

future present of smart cities
, 195–198

present future of smart cities
, 198–201

Genuinely humanizing urbanism
, 16, 194

Gig economy
, 90

Global exchange
, 180–181

Global GovJam
, 152

Google
, 188–189

Google-Waze
, 90–91

Goteo (incubators sites)
, 186–187

Governance
, 154–155

de-politicizing urban
, 178

digital-era
, 166–167

governance-beyond-the-state
, 154–155

technocratic forms of
, 85–86

urban
, 48, 153, 178

urban collaborative
, 72–73

Government reformers
, 128–130

civic tech as technical pluralism
, 129–130

Governmentality
, 7, 11–12

Grassroots

innovations
, 179

project
, 87–88

smart citizen initiatives
, 45–46

H2020 DSI4EU project
, 186–187

“Hackable city”
, 154

Hackathons

business-centric
, 138

data-centric
, 138

Deutsche Bahn hackathon (DB hackathon)
, 143

local and multinational corporations
, 146

methodological consideration
, 136–137

typology and practices of participation
, 137–145

Hacking, Eating, Tracking (HET)
, 144

Harvey’s theory of social justice
, 13–15

Heidegger, Martin

conception
, 114

Homo ludens (Huizinga)
, 60–61

Horizon 2020
, 121–122, 154–155, 188

Housing
, 99

How might we (HMW)
, 159–160

Hudson Yards in New York
, 6–7, 100, 116, 117–119

Human smart city
, 154

Human-centered design
, 160–161

Hyper Island, Manchester (UK)
, 157, 158, 159

Hyper Island Toolbox
, 159

IBM Design Thinking process
, 153

Identity
, 170–171

IDEO design agency
, 153

IDEO U, Online
, 158

In-depth personal interview
, 105

Incheon Free Economic Zone (IFEZ)
, 6–7

Inclusion
, 104

Inclusive and competitive smart city
, 199

Inclusive approach
, 125–126

India (national-level smart city project)
, 28

India Smart Cities Mission
, 28

Indicators
, 166–167

Industry-led participatory initiatives
, 152

Information and communication technology (ICT)
, 152

ICT providers
, 30

ICT-based commoning strategies
, 74–75

ICT-driven innovation processes
, 186–187

Informational

commons
, 72–73

monopolies
, 30

right to the city
, 75–76

Inhabitation
, 88–89

Inicitativa per Catalunya-els verds (ICV)
, 180–181

Innovate UK
, 157

Innovation

processes
, 135–136

workshops
, 155–157

Institute of Advanced Architecture of Catalonia (IAAC)
, 180

Institutional right
, 29

Instrumental approach
, 195–196

Intellectual property
, 183

Interface
, 115

Internet
, 2, 89–90

boomtown
, 92

topology
, 180–181

Justice and the Politics of Difference (Young)
, 59–60

Key public assets
, 196–197

Knight Foundation
, 126–127

Knowle West Media Centre (KWMC)
, 119

Knowledge
, 166–169

commons
, 72–73

intensive urbanism
, 169

La Comunificadora
, 186–187

“Latent futures”
, 194–195

Learning by making
, 154

Lefebvre, “right to the city”
, 44–45, 60

Lefebvrian sense
, 29, 30, 31–32, 37, 196

LGBT community
, 197–198

Libertarianism
, 14

Literacies
, 50–51

Living indicators
, 169

Living Labs
, 6–7, 178–179

London-based Heatherwick Studio
, 173

15M-indignados movement
, 182

MAC addresses
, 8

Managerialism
, 166–167

Market principles
, 196–197

Market-based methods
, 45

Marxism
, 14

Medellinnovation
, 199

Media
, 172

Milano 4 You project
, 99

community, capitalism, and consumption
, 101–103

dialectical understanding of “smart community”
, 106–107

smart community
, 100–101, 104–106

smart Milan
, 103–104

Milano Due project
, 105–106

Minimal politics
, 198–199

Mobile World Congress
, 184

Monetized platforms
, 198

Moral consensus
, 170–171

Multi-instrumented surveillance
, 9

Municipal

open data platforms
, 74–75

procurement processes
, 187

Museum of Contemporary Art Africa (MOCAA)
, 173

National Hawkers Federation
, 37

National Security Administration (NSA)
, 114

Ndifuna Ukwazi (NU)
, 171–172

Neoliberal smart city
, 6, 48

discursive reification of
, 46–49

glimpses of possibilities in
, 45–46

radical potential of everyday meaning-making
, 49–51

Neoliberal(ism)
, 11, 199–200

approach
, 13–15

governmentality
, 196

political economy
, 2–3, 5

rationalities
, 62

urban restructuring strategies
, 178

urbanism
, 103

Neoliberalization
, 135–136

of housing
, 105

of urban space
, 106

Nesta
, 157, 178–179

Net neutrality
, 92

Networked

commons
, 72–73

publics
, 15–16

New managerialism
, 80

New Military Urbanism (Graham)
, 157–159

New public management (NPM)
, 166–167, 187

New Urban Agenda (NUA)
, 167–168

NOMOS system
, 78–79

Non-governmental organization (NGO)
, 171–172

Non-libertarian forms of citizenship and social justice
, 196

Non-neoliberal city
, 200–201

One-size-fits-all model
, 74–75

Ontological mode
, 197

Open innovation instruments
, 143

Open source urbanism
, 179

Open Wireless Network (OWN)
, 86–87, 93–94

Optimization futures
, 194–195

Organizational data
, 138

Ownership
, 71–72

sedentary metaphysics of
, 74

of urban issues
, 76–77

Participants
, 193–194

Participatory/participation
, 11–12, 29, 30, 58, 104, 126, 135–136

budgeting process
, 121–122

methods
, 47–48

organizations
, 138–139

sensing
, 114

“People-led” smart city initiative
, 119

Performative and emancipatory work of data appropriation
, 169–171

Personal computers
, 2

Personalization
, 172

Philanthrocapitalists
, 153

Platform cooperativism
, 72–73

Platoniq (incubators sites)
, 186–187

Playable urban citizenship

gamification and civic engagement
, 60–62

part of game
, 62–65

social justice and digital city
, 58–60

Traffic Agent app
, 57–58

Playful cities
, 62

Pokemon Go!
, 58

Political/politics
, 129

economy
, 5

rights of citizens
, 11

Politically meaningful agency of citizens
, 44–45, 46

Poo-protests in Cape Town
, 169–170

Popular sensing
, 114

Population change
, 196

Post-capitalist smart city
, 201

Post-crisis austerity policies
, 45

Post-deployment
, 116

processes
, 121

Power
, 5–7

Pre-deployment
, 115

Predictive privacy harms
, 8–9

Preemptive hope
, 194–195

Present future of smart cities
, 194–195, 198–201

Procedural theory
, 13

Process commodity
, 160–161

Promotional discourse practices
, 47

Proto-publics
, 135–136

Prototyping
, 154

Public

assets
, 199–200

deliberations
, 50–51

Internet provision
, 86–87

services
, 152

space usage
, 113–114

Publicness
, 10

Quality of life
, 104

Quantified community (QC)
, 116–119

Random Hacks of Kindness (RHoK)
, 144–145

Real estate

company
, 99

smart district
, 100

urban development in Milan
, 104

Reclaim the City (RtC)
, 171–174

Recursive

engagement
, 77–78

public
, 130

Reducing barriers to cycling (CycleHack Global Movement)
, 152

Regeneration

programs
, 6–7

projects
, 29–30

Remote sensing platforms
, 114

Remunicipalization
, 196–197

Res publica
, 47

Research and innovation appropriations
, 143–144

Residents, smart community of
, 104–106

Restorative theory
, 13

Retributive theory
, 13

RFID chips
, 36–37

Right to center
, 29–30

Right to centrality
, 31–32

Right to the city
, 3, 13–15, 44–45, 60, 71–72, 88–89, 107, 194

data-driven to data-enabled
, 80–81

Right to the datafied city
, 71–73

Right to the smart city
, 9, 15–17, 28–32, 188–189

right to centrality
, 31–32

right to participate
, 30–31

Rockefeller Foundatio
, 153

Roomsel Noord project
, 79

RSA, London (UK)
, 158

Safer life
, 103–104

Sedentary metaphysics of ownership
, 74

Seduction
, 3–4

Self-generated data entries
, 77–78

Sensing systems
, 178

Sensors
, 113–114

community-centered smart city
, 119–122

data
, 113–116

networks
, 8

quantified community
, 116–119

Sentilo
, 180–181

Service user
, 10

Shack/Slum Dwellers International (SDI)
, 169

Sharing
, 87

cities
, 179

of data trails
, 8–9

information
, 173

platforms
, 104

resource
, 12, 87–88

Situationist movement (1957–1972)
, 62–63

Slow activism
, 168–169, 170

Small-to-medium-sized enterprises (SMEs)
, 44

Smart approach
, 86–87

Smart citizen(ship)
, 31, 72–73, 102–103, 154, 178–179, 196–197

approach
, 179–180

potentialities and limits of technological sovereignty
, 187–189

from smart citizens toward technological sovereignty
, 182–187

from smart city to smart citizens
, 180–182

vision
, 179

Smart city
, 2–3, 28, 31, 43–44, 85–86, 100, 113–114, 166–169, 178–179, 193–194

anticipatory logics
, 196

capital, power and
, 5–7

citizen-centric visions
, 193–194

citizenship and
, 9–12

in commons
, 86

community-centered
, 119–122

critical urban studies
, 18

datafication of
, 79

discursive reification of neoliberal
, 46–49

ethics and
, 7–9

future present of
, 194–198

inclusive and competitive
, 199

initiatives
, 135–136

maintaining and defending commons in
, 89–94

at margins
, 31–32

notion
, 3

paradigm
, 125–126

post-capitalist
, 201

present future of
, 194–195, 198–201

project development
, 122

rhetoric
, 31–32

right to
, 15–17

to smart citizens
, 180–182

smart urbanism
, 18

social justice and
, 12–15

strategies
, 160–161, 178

technologies
, 3, 160–161

See also Neoliberal smart city; Right to smart city

Smart City Mission (SCM)
, 32

Smart City World Congress
, 184

Smart commons
, 86, 196–197

commons and commoning
, 87–89

maintaining and defending commons in smart city
, 89–94

Smart community
, 100–101

dialectical understanding of
, 106–107

of residents
, 104–106

Smart district
, 100, 103, 106–107, 116

Smart justice
, 196–197

Smart meter
, 48

Smart technologies
, 11–12

Smart urbanism
, 18

Smartmentality
, 7

Smartness
, 11–12

Smartphones
, 8, 11–12

Social

factory 4.0
, 90–91

formations
, 101–102

housing
, 104

inclusion
, 199

media
, 169

movement
, 128–130

online platforms
, 172

reproduction
, 87

rights of citizens
, 11

segregation
, 105–106

social-cultural exchanges
, 198

system
, 125–126

urbanism
, 199

Social justice
, 64, 166, 193–194, 195

and digital city
, 58–60

and smart city
, 12–15

theory of
, 13–15

Social Justice and the City (Harvey)
, 58–59

Social Justice Coalition in Cape Town
, 170–171

Socialist Party
, 180–181

Social practices
, 47

Societal appropriations
, 144

hackathons
, 146

Sound-bite formats
, 167

South African context
, 166

Southern Urbanism
, 167–168

Special economic zone (SEZ)
, 100

Specialist dives
, 143

Stakeholder engagement
, 117

Standing reserve process
, 114

State economic machines
, 140–143

Stewardship
, 193–194

Stinky Fish
, 159–160

Subjectification
, 7

Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition systems (SCADA systems)
, 2

Surveillance cameras
, 2

Sustainable development goals (SDGs)
, 167–168

Sustainable modernization
, 65

Systemic urban processes
, 167

Tafelberg
, 171–172

Tech-centric hackathon
, 138

Technical pluralism
, 126

civic tech as
, 129–130

Techno-deterministic view
, 178

Techno-optimistic view
, 178

Technocratic forms of governance
, 85–86

Technological sovereignty
, 16–17, 179, 201

potentialities and limits of
, 187–189

smart citizens toward
, 182–187

strategy
, 179–180

Technology
, 170–171

appropriation
, 169–170

citizens
, 127

determinism
, 167

development
, 31–32

See also Civic tech; Information and communication technology (ICT)

Technology Strategy Board
, 157

TerraCycle
, 65

Track phone identifiers
, 8

Traffic Agent (mobile app)
, 57–58

Translation
, 75–76

Trash Tycoon (Facebook game)
, 65

Trickle-down technocracy
, 130

Trojan Horse
, 155

Uber
, 90, 188–189

UK-based FixMyStreet project
, 77–78

Umbrella definitions of civic tech
, 126–127

Unconventional approaches
, 157–159

Understanding Group and Leader (UGL)
, 157–159

Urban

citizens
, 102–103

collaborative governance
, 72–73

commons
, 73–75, 88, 89–90, 93

creativity
, 44

efficiency paradigm
, 33–37

governance
, 48, 153, 178

interaction designer
, 155

Living Labs
, 47–48

management
, 184

migration
, 195

Mobility Plan
, 184–186

planning
, 29–30

planning platforms
, 45–46

scholarship
, 152

sensor data
, 113–114

space
, 15, 88, 135–136

system
, 125–126

transformations
, 178

urban-focused economic development
, 6–7

Urban data commons

commons-as-interface
, 75–77

data-driven to data-enabled right to the city
, 80–81

interfacing datafied city
, 77–79

right to datafied city
, 71–73

urban commons, data commons
, 73–75

Urbanism
, 187–188

Urbanismo social. See Social—urbanism

US Digital Services (USDS)
, 129

User-oriented design
, 127

Utilitarianism
, 14

Vendors
, 122

Verbeterdebuurt
, 77–78

Vincles
, 181

Waag Society, Amsterdam (NL)
, 158

Water supply
, 34

Waze (Google-owned app)
, 86–87, 90–91

Web searches
, 137

Western Cape Property Development Forum
, 173

Wireless network development
, 93

Women in Informal Employment: Globalizing and Organizing (WIEGO)
, 36–37

Woodstock
, 171–172

Workshops
, 32–33

innovation
, 155–157

World Bank
, 178–179

World Economic Forum
, 178–179

Zero cost city
, 103–104, 105