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This chapter describes and discusses the main results of the successful off-hour delivery (OHD) pilot test in the city of São Paulo, Brazil, which took place between October 2014 and March 2015. The pilot engaged major stakeholders in urban distribution, including local authorities, shippers, carriers, and receivers, with the aim to determine what are the main requirements, constraints, opportunities, and threats for establishing a public policy related to shifting deliveries to late night in order to mitigate traffic congestion.

Differently from the former City of New York OHD pilot, here all participant companies were volunteers, with no need for cash incentives. The primary focus in São Paulo was on the issues of safety and noise, besides productivity aspects of travel time, truck speed, and delivery time.

The pilot was very successful, with no registered complaints of noise or security incidents. Travel speeds were obtained from global positioning system (GPS) tracking data and internal delivery systems. The chapter compares daytime and night operations and shows that productivity in some chains would improve significantly, but noise and safety must be carefully controlled to guarantee the expansion of the concept.




The authors acknowledge the support from the Center of Excellence in Sustainable Urban Freight CoE-SUFS, the World Bank, and Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (National Council of Scientific and Technology Development) – CNPq.


Hugo Tsugunobu, Y.Y., Cláudio Barbieri, d.C., Joice, R.G., Flavio Vaz, A., Iara Sakitani, K., Patrícia Faias, L.d.A. and Celso Mitsuo, H. (2018), "The São Paulo Off-Hour Delivery Pilot: Impacts for City Logistics", Yoshizaki, H.T.Y., Velázquez Martínez, J.C. and Argueta, C.M. (Ed.) Supply Chain Management and Logistics in Latin America, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 131-148.



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