Purpose – As one of the development of modern architecture that has a great attention on the characteristics of regionalism, especially grow in developing countries. The Characteristics of regionalism is closely related to local culture, climate and technology in time Suha, Ozka(1985).This regionalism approach only takes and identifies patterns of architectural concepts relevant to the climate, local materials and geographical factors of the many layers of architectural history that clash together and coincide.
Dafrina, A., Purnama Lisa, N., Siska, D. and Nurhaiza, (2018), "Regionalism of Aceh’s Traditional Architecture at Bujang Salim Mosque at Krueng Geeukeuh, Aceh", Proceedings of MICoMS 2017 (Emerald Reach Proceedings Series, Vol. 1), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 93-98. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78756-793-1-00023
Emerald Publishing Limited
Copyright © 2018, Armelia Dafrina, Nova Purnama Lisa, Deassy Siska, Nurhaiza.
Published in the Emerald Reach Proceedings Series. Published by Emerald Publishing Limited. This article is published under the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY 4.0) licence. Anyone may reproduce, distribute, translate and create derivative works of this article (for both commercial and non-commercial purposes), subject to full attribution to the original publication and authors. The full terms of this licence may be seen at The full terms of this licence may be seen at http://creativecommons.org/licences/by/4.0/legalcode
Regionalism according to Indonesian Dictionary is regional. Regionalism in architecture is a movement in modern architecture that advocates the appearance of buildings that are the result of compounds from internationalism with a modern cultural and technological patterns with roots, values, and nuances of tradition that are still held by the local community. According to Ozkan (1985), in the change of regionalism states that regionalism seeks to reconsider the apparent architecture of modernism that is continuously in place between past forms of buildings. According to Jenks, Charles (1977) Regionalism is thought to have developed around 1960. As one of the developments of modern architecture that has a great attention on the characteristics of regionalism, especially grown in developing countries.Postmodernism Architecture has tried to present the old in its universal form. The characteristics of the architecture of regionalism are as follows: (1) using local building materials with modern technology; (2) responding to addressing local climatic conditions; (3) refers to tradition, historical heritage, and the meaning of space and place; (4) seek meaning and cultural substance, not style/style as the final product.
Regionalism according to Wondoamiseno (1991) is able to state that past architecture (AML) is integrated in modern architecture (AMK), AML and AMK should visually be united. Unity in question is unity in architectural composition. The possibilities of regionalism architectural form can be seen in several trends, which he calls the incorporation of the past architecture (AML) and the modern architecture (AMK) with the following trends:
(a) Paste the elements of architecture of the past on the architecture of today.
(b) The physical elements of the past architecture are integrated in today’s architecture.
(c) The physical elements of the architecture of the past are not obvious in today’s architecture.
(d) The shape of the architecture of the past dominates the architecture of today.
(e) The expression of past architectural forms fused into the architecture of the past.
2.1. Paste AML Element on AMK
One building that is designed as a modern building then given its local cultural element is called the element of AML on AMK. For example, Bujang Salim Mosque, North Aceh, Bujang Salim Mosque, was built in 1923; the name of this mosque is taken from the name of an Aceh hero named Bujang Salim Bin Rhi Mahmud (1891–1959). The area of the Mosque is 95 × 80 m and can accommodate 2,500 worshipers. Modern architecture that features the distinctive features of the front-looking mosque is almost the same as the Baiturrahman Grand Mosque in Banda Aceh (Figures 1 and 2).
3. Result and discussion
2.2. The Physical Elements of the Past Architecture are Present in Today’s Architecture
Traditional Acehnese buildings many carvings are found, since the Acehnese people are essentially including tribal-art people. The carvings are mainly found in the houses of buildings and mosque buildings. The main function of the various types of motifs and ornamentation is a mere decoration, so that from the ornament, it does not mean any specific meaning, except the motif of the stars and the moon, which shows the symbol of Islam, the motif of the marching clouds (awan meucanek) the symbol of fertility, and the twisted rope motif (taloe meuputa) showing strong brotherhood bonds for the people of Aceh, Hadjad et al., (1984) Religious motifs Acehnese’s House is the carvings taken from the verses of the Koran (Figure 3).
Floral motifs: The motif of the flora used is the sterilization of plants in the form of leaves, roots, stems, or flowers. Stylized carvings of these plants are not colored, if any, the colors used are red and black. This decoration is usually found on ladder (rinyeuen), wall, kindang (tulak angen), beam on the hood, and window of the house ( Figure 4).
Fauna motifs or Animal motifs commonly used are animals that are often seen and favored, generally motivated poultry such as pigeons, balam birds, and perkutut birds. Natural motifs: The natural motifs used by the Acehnese people are sky and cloud, sky and moon, and stars and sea, chain (rante), and tongue. AML form dominates AMK. This can be seen in the shape of the dome of the past architecture, which is now applied to the shape of the dome of the mosque located in Aceh Province.
In Regionalism Architecture according to Wondoamiseno (1994), which applies the characteristic of regionalism need to get unity in its architectural composition with three (3) requirement that is
(a) Dominant(dominance): Something dominant is that there is one visual element that controls the whole composition. Domination can be achieved by the use of colors, materials, and objects forming the composition itself (ornament).
(b) Repetition: Repetition in the composition can be done by repeating the shape, color, texture, and proportion. In the repetition, it can be done with various rhythms or repetition in order to avoid happening (monotone).
(c) Continuity in composition: Continuity or continuity is the existence of a virtual connective line (imaginer) that connects the placement of composite forming objects.
Application of Regionalism in Architecture at Mosque Bujang Salim Dominant: The Dominant of Bujang Salim mosque is more to the ornament and the use of color ( Figure 5).
From the analysis, it can be concluded that Bujang Salim Mosque at Krueng Geukuh applies Architectural of Regionalism which influenced by Architecture of the Past is Traditional Architecture of Aceh. On the walls of the mosque, there are ornaments of architecture of Acehis TaloMerante ornaments. The three architectural forms of the past namely dominance, repetition, and continuity in the composition of continuity is the existence of a virtual linking line dominating the contemporary architecture which can be seen in the shape of the Baiturrahman Mosque of Banda Aceh by adjusting its functions and needs.
Both the past architecture elements and the current architecture become a unity that characterizes the regionalism of Bujang Salim Krueng Geukuh Mosque.
Hadjad, d.k.k. (1984). Masalah Regionalisme dalam Desain Arsitektur. Aceh.
Jenks, C. (1977). The Language of Post Modern Architecture. Rizzoli, New York.
Ozkan, S. (1985). “Regionalism Within Modernism” In R. Powel (Ed.), Dalam Regionalism in Architecture, Concept Media, Singapore).
Wondoamiseno, R. (1994). dalam Wardani, Rahma. S, 2015, Regionalisme Arsitektur Melayu pada Kantor DPRD Langkat, Departemen Arsitektur, Fakultas Teknik, Universitas Sumatera Utara.
All papers within this proceedings volume have been peer reviewed by the scientific committee of the Malikussaleh International Conference on Multidisciplinary Studies (MICoMS 2017).
- Acknowledgement I
- Acknowledgement II
- The Effect of Job Satisfaction and Work Motivation on Organizational Commitment and Organizational Citizenship Behavior in BNI in the Working Area of Bank Indonesia Lhokseumawe
- The Effect of Work Motivation on the Employee Performance with Organization Citizenship Behavior as Intervening Variable at Bank Aceh Syariah
- Life-Cycle Performance of a Bridge Subjected to Multiple Heavy Vehicle Impacts
- The Efforts of Improving the Professionalism of Lecturers towards the Presentation and Change of KKNI within the University Environment in Aceh
- Morphological Process of Devayan: An Analysis of Morphological Tipology
- Effect of Freight Transportation for Regional Development in the North Zone of Aceh
- The Roles of Digital Democracy on Political Education for Young Generation
- Disorders of Sex Development: Ambiguous Genitalia and Partial Androgen Insensitivity Syndrome
- Difference Analysis of the Autonomy of Extended Regencies in Aceh Province Indonesia
- An analysis of Service Quality on Mustahiq Satification using the Kano Model (Case Study on Baitul Mal)
- Exploration and Morphological Characterization of Vegetative Part of Avocado at Bebesan Subdistrict Central Aceh District, Indonesia
- Poverty Effectiveness for the Maisir (Contest) in the City of Indonesian Aceh Province
- Measurement of Study Productivity and Evaluation Analysis by using the American Productivity Center (APC) Model at a Palm Oil Factory (Pks PT. Syaukath Sejahtera)
- The Development of an Independent Entrepreneurship Model Through Creative Economy for Women in Lhokseumawe City
- Regionalism of Aceh’s Traditional Architecture at Bujang Salim Mosque at Krueng Geeukeuh, Aceh
- High Growth and Diameter of the Stem of Corn Plants (Zea May, S) with a Different Cropping Pattern
- Influence of Manufacture of Textiles, Clothing, and Leather and Manufacture of Paper, Printing, and Publishing on Economic Growth
- Land Erodibility and Land use Directions in Krueng Seulimum Watershed Aceh Province
- The Effect of Fermentation of the Peel of Arabica Coffee with Win Prob Probiotics on Crude Fiber Content and Fiber Fraction
- Teaching English International Lingua Franca (ELF) in ASEAN Economic Community Context: Teachers and Students Perspectives
- Animation as a Creative Industry: A Strategy to Build Creativity and Independence of Youth in Padang, West Sumatra
- Improving Production of Liquid Smoke from Candlenut Shell by Pyrolisis Process
- Interpersonal Communication of Commercial Sex Workers Transaction with Customers in Syariah Law Area in Indonesia
- Macrozoobentos Diversity Index as a Bioindicator in Krueng Cunda River to Support the Success of the Shrimp Agribusniness at Lhokseumawe City, Aceh
- The Examination Model of Aceh Commodity Export Firms’ Performance
- The Role of Fishing Techniques with Tuah Teng on Food Security in Facing the Asean Economic Community
- Reconstruction of Aceh Cultural Identity in the Discourse of Aceh Language Lesson Books in Elementary School
- The Effect of Monosodium Glutamate (Msg) Administration to Pyramidal Cells Necrosis on Cerebral Cortex of Wistar Male Rats (Rattus Norvegicus)
- Personal Construct Experience of Tionghoa Community in Aceh Reality
- Study of Mineralogy Composition, Total, and Exchangable Content of K, Ca, and Mg of Volcanic Ash from Sinabung Mountain Eruption in North Sumatera, Indonesia
- The Role of Law in Economic Development: To Develop a Special Economic Zone in Order to Build a National and Regional Economy
- Model Corporate Social Responsibility Based on Local Wisdom in West Aceh Regency
- Recurrence of Intravenous Leiomyomatosis: A Rare Cause of the Obstruction of the Right Heart
- Single Mother Role in The Success of Their Children (Phenomenological Study of Single Women in Makassar City)
- Optimal Lot-Sizing Algorithms on Stochastic Demand at the Retailer
- Predict Environmental Conditions Using Groundwater Interpretation in Subdistrict Hamparan Perak, Deli Serdang, North Sumatera
- Public Discovery of the Concept of Time Value ofMoney with Economic Value of Time
- Study on Impact Strength Against Welding Smaw on Hardening Steel AISI 1050
- What is the Determinant of Non-Performing Financing in Branch Sharia Regional Bank in Indonesia
- Spatial Stochastic Modeling of Adolescent and Under-Five Children Nutritional Status: A Case Study from Aceh, Sumatera Island, Indonesia
- Religious Tourism: Concept of Community-Based TourisminAceh Singkil, Indonesia
- The Contribution of Revenue and Consumption Cost of Soybean Farmers in Muara Batu Subdistrict Aceh Utara
- The Composition of Women Parliament Members Presence in Local Parliament in Aceh (A Case Study at Provincial Parliament of Aceh Province During the Period of 2014 to 2019)
- Personal Branding Tri Rismaharini the Provision in Media
- Analysis of Factors Affecting the Poverty Level of Farmers Post-Tsunami in Aceh
- Dimension of an Islamic Model Value on the Existence of Syariah Walmart
- Batik Jambi Promotion Based on Social Media in Asean Economics Community
- Islamic Banks in Indonesia: Analysis of Efficiency
- Design of Information Monitoring System Flood Based Internet of Things (IoT)
- Economic Development and Access to Fish Resources: A Review Sociology on Fisherman’s Production Access in Kuala Langsa, Aceh
- Dynamics and Prospect of Wali Nanggroe Institution Post-Conflict in Aceh: Analysis of Policy and Educational Development
- Learning Management of Bahasa in Senior High Schools
- The Difference in the Antimicrobial effect of Katuk Leaf Extract (Sauropus Androgynus (l.) Merr.) Concentration against Escherichia Coli
- City Branding of Denpasar City as a Creative City Through the Denpasar Festival Event
- Semantics Equivalence of Cultural Terms of Meurukon Texts Translated from Acehnese into Indonesian
- Preparation of Activated Carbon From Banana (Musa acuminate L.) peels for Carbon Monoxide Adsorption
- Thermal Behavior of Modified Thermoplastic Starch (TPS) Synthesized from Sago (Metroxylon Sagu) with Diphenylmethane Diisocyanate and Castor Oil
- Typhoid Fever Profiles at Cut Meutia Hospital, North Aceh, Indonesia, in 2016-2017
- Student Radicalism Ideology Prevention Strategy: A Study at an Islamic Boarding School in Jabal Nur, North Aceh, Indonesia
- Implementation of Task-Based Learning for Non-English Students: A Practice in Malikussaleh University
- Design of Wild Animal Detection and Rescue System with Passive Infrared and Ultrasonic Sensor based Microcontroller
- Policy of Educational Budget Aceh Regency
- Foreign Direct Investment Inflow into Aceh province of Indonesia After a Peace Agreement
- Design of Web Based Fire Warning System Using Ethernet Wiznet W5500
- Sari Cincau Ngrayun Equals with Modern Ready-to-Drink Beverage
- The Status of Conservation of Mangroves in the Krueng Reuleng River Area, Leupung, Aceh Besar Regency, Indonesia
- Analysis of Understanding the Level of Vibration and the Wave Concept with a Demonstration Method for Students in SMAN 1 Peureulak, Aceh
- Screening of Volatile Organic Compounds Using Gore-Sorber Method for Predicting Hydrocarbon Generation
- Incorporating Peace Education into Aqidah Akhlak Subject in East Aceh
- Learning Motivation of Peripheral University Students and its Relation with their English Grades
- Thermal Cracking of Low Temperature Conversion on Low Density Polyethylene Plastic Waste for Liquid Hydrocarbon
- Correlation of Lead and Zinc Contents in Sediments And Faunus Ater Against Faunus Ater Density in Reuleung River, Leupung, Aceh Besar
- The Correlation between Stress Level and Degree of Depression in the Elderly at a Nursing Home in Lhokseumawe in the Year 2017
- Effect of Palm Oil Bunches Microfiller on LDPE-recycled Composite Tensile Strength through Melt Blending Process
- CSR and Profitability in IDX Agricultural Subsectors
- The Crown Witness and the Protection of Human Rights in Criminal Law Verification
- Design and Implementation of SCADA Wireless Communication System for Monitoring the Performance of Microhydro Power Plant Based on Protocol AX.25
- Production of Lipid Biomass in Locally Isolated Microalga Cultivated in Palm Oil Mill Effluent (POME)
- An Analysis and Design of a Virtual Collaboration Information System of the Jamu Supply Chain Network Based on a Fair Adaptive Contract
- Adsorption of Manganese (II) Ion in the Water Phase by Citric Acid Activated Carbon of Rice Husk
- Eco-informatics: The Encouragement of Ecological Data Management
- Challenges in Designing ESP Course for First Year Students of Engineering Faculty at Malikussaleh University
- Isotherm and Kinetics of Cd(II) Adsorption by Durian (Durio zibethinus) seed Immobilized into Ca-alginate
- Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) Learning on Student’s Science Process Skills and Science Attitudes
- Effect of Perception of Facilities, Intensity of Conduct, and Satisfaction of Tax Payers to Submission of Letter by E-Filing Notice on Tax Service
- Aceh: Conflict Development after the Helsinki Agreement
- The Discretionary Accrual in the Financial Statement of a Public Company in Indonesia: A Literature Review
- Inventory and Morphological Characterization of Durian (Durio Zibethinus) in Langkahan and Sawang Sub-District of North Aceh Indonesia
- Model of Sustainable Electrical Power Management: Lamp Efficacy of the National Street Lighting in North Sumatera Province
- Hamming Index for Some Classes of Graphs with Respect to Edge-Vertex Incidence Matrix
- Electrical Automation of Solar Cell-Based Arduino Uno With 16 × LCD Display
- Concept Designs of Patient Information Security Using e-Health Sensor Shield Platform on Blockchain Infrastructure