The aim of this chapter is to highlight the importance of information and communication technology (ICT) knowledge (ICT-K) for female in socio-economic development in Middle East countries. Currently, men play major roles in the development of Middle East countries without heed being paid to women. The role for women is normally reserved to the home and child caring. Men continue to dominate power structures, education, finance, and travel. Overall levels of women’s ICT entrepreneurship are among the lowest in the Middle East although more women are studying ICT programs in the universities. Even statistics on the number of women entrepreneurs and women’s economic participation are often unavailable or incomplete in this region. Mainly, women’s entrepreneurship and economic participation are relatively limited due to gender-specific barriers to business creation and development, including cultural norms, civil law, or barriers in the business environment. This chapter investigates the challenges and constraints faced, and the support and opportunities available for these female entrepreneurs in ICT. This chapter also presents research on the growing phenomenon of female entrepreneurship in Middle East and suggests a number of ways in which institutions of state and trade – which often act as barriers to women practically running a business – could be overcome.
Masud, M., Siddiqui, A.T. and Alkhammash, E. (2019), "Building ICT Knowledge Capacity for Female Entrepreneurship for Sustainable Socio-economic Growth in the Middle East", The New Silk Road Leads through the Arab Peninsula: Mastering Global Business and Innovation, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 79-96. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78756-679-820191006
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