Index

Internet Celebrity: Understanding Fame Online

ISBN: 978-1-78756-079-6, eISBN: 978-1-78756-076-5

Publication date: 15 May 2018

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

Abidin, C. (2018), "Index", Internet Celebrity: Understanding Fame Online (Society Now), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 157-169. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78756-076-520181007

Publisher

:

Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2018 Emerald Publishing Limited


INDEX

NOTE: Page numbers followed by ‘n’ refers to endnotes.

Abidin, Crystal
, 106n51, 133n232, 133n235, 135n250, 143n302

Advertorial
, 76, 79, 93, 94, 95

Affection economy
, 94–95

AKB48
, 28, 112n97

Albania
, 22

Algorithm
, 15, 78, 80, 81

Alibaba
, 32

Amazon
, 83

Amos Yee
, 85

Andrea V. Wojnicki
, 148n334

Ang, Tian Tian
, 115n120, 117n130

Aniftos, Rania
, 128n198

AnnieChangNewsOn6
, 121n155

Antoine Dodson
, 43

Appointment viewing mode
, 8

Armenti, Marissa
, 137n265

Arnold, Michael
, 106n46

Asian-American
, 36, 87

AsiaOne
, 115n116

Attention economy
, 28, 37, 67, 92, 94–95, 94–95, 98

Attention hacked, Hijack
, 64, 69

Australia, xviii
, 1, 2, 14, 84

azliah
, 132n229, 230

Bad Luck Brian, Kyle Craven
, 48, 55

Baey Yam Keng
, 17

Bangkok
, 73

Barker, Christian
, 141n291

BBC
, 126n186, 126n187,

BBC
, 127n189, 127n190, 143n301

BeLive
, 89

Belle Gibson
, 86

Berg, Madeline
, 133n237

Berita Harian
, 63

Bernard, Zoë
, 140n281

Bhargava, Rohit
, 135n245

Biersdorfer, J. D.
, 138n269

Bigo
, 89

Black
, 17, 84, 86

Blattberg, Eric
, 110n88

Blay, Seba
, 121n152

Blog, Blogger, Blogging, xviii
, 20, 21, 32, 33, 35, 60, 61, 63, 73–74, 75, 77, 84, 86, 87, 88, 96

Blogshops
, 13, 73–74, 73–74, 88

Boboltz, Sara
, 142n295

Bologna, Caroline
, 118n132–135

Booth, Norman
, 105n38

Bot
, 78, 79–80, 81, 82, 95, 98

Bourdieu, Pierre
, 108n65, 108n66, 110n80, 117n130

Bow Wow
, 86

Bradley, Diana
, 139n277, 141n286

Brand-jack
, 45

Brennan, Siofra
, 109n73

Britain
, 152

Business of Fashion
, 141n290

buzzoid
, 136n260

Calibrated amateurism
, 91, 91–92, 92

Camgirls
, 11, 12

Capital

Cultural
, 22, 28, 91

Economic
, 20, 28

Social
, 28, 33, 36, 61, 91

Technical
, 28

Carter, Marcus
, 106n47

Casual observation mode
, 8

Catchphrases
, 38–40

Celebrity–audience relations
, 8–9

Celebrity culture
, 3, 4

Censorship
, 63–64

Chanel Brusco
, 86

Channel
, 4, 110n77

Charles Ramsey
, 40

CharlieHannenmaNewson6
, 119n140

Chengdu
, 30

Chen, Siyi
, 117n127

Chiara Ferragni, The Blonde Salad
, 84

China, Chinese, xviii
, 2, 3, 12, 14, 27, 30, 32, 36, 83, 87

Chokshi, Niraj
, 134n238

Chrissy Teigen
, 17

Chu, Kathy
, 146n316

Citizen Relations
, 84

Cliff, Martha
, 109n72

Coco
, 87

Comedic factor
, 40

Commercial blogging, Commercial bloggers, Commercial blogs
, 73–74

Commodity
, 4, 42, 43

Constine, Josh
, 147n326

Content creation
, 43

Content Summit
, 116n120

Contract, Contracted
, 1, 52, 53, 65, 75, 78

Contrera, Jessica
, 123n167–169

Courtney Barnes
, 40

Cowie, Tom
, 145n311

CrazyLaughAction
, 119n141

Crenshaw, Kimberlé
, 110n81

Crowd-puller cameos
, 37, 60, 64, 68

“anti-Islam behaviour,”
, 63

censorship
, 63–64

internet-native audiences
, 30

lending fame
, 60–61

“MunahHirziOfficial” (MHO)
, 61

social media entertainment
, 62

YouTube content production
, 62

Cultural capital
, 22

Cultural histories
, 3

DaddyOFive
, 85

Danielle Bregoli
, 86

DeFranco, Philip
, 134n241, 134n243

Demotic turn
, 5, 6

Dickey, Megan Rose
, 121n156

Digital audience
, 37

Digital culture
, 14

DIY celebrity
, 9–11

digital technology and social media platforms
, 9

homemade content
, 9

“representational” to “presentational” media and culture
, 10

self-brand
, 10

webcams
, 11

Dr. Phil
, 5

Dubai
, 21

Dubecki, Larissa
, 130n215

Dylan, Sceneable
, 86

Earl, Jennifer
, 124n171

East Asia, xviii
, 26, 27, 52, 55, 74, 83, 86, 89

Economic capital
, 20

The Ellen DeGeneres Show, Ellen DeGeneres
, 57

Ellis, Jack
, 140n284

Emotioneering
, 7

E News
, 110n76

Ethnocentrism, Ethnocentric
, 26, 55

Eunice Annabel Lim
, 60, 131n218

Europe
, 152

Everydayness, Everyday
, 5, 6, 7, 10, 11, 15, 19, 24, 30, 32–35, 40, 56, 74, 95

Exceptionalism, Exceptional
, 19, 28–32

celebration of
, 29

commercial requests
, 32

cross-cultural reach
, 31

decade-long presence
, 30

food-related cosmetic videos
, 32

“technical capital,”
, 28

Exclusivity, Exclusive
, 6, 19, 20–22, 52, 74, 76

Exoticism, Exotic
, 19, 22–28, 40, 41

cooking process
, 23–24

cultivation of
, 22

ethnocentrism concept
, 26

inter- and intracultural contexts
, 23, 28

“intersectionality” concept
, 23

orientalism concept
, 26

sentiments
, 25–26

socialbakers
, 27

YouTube platform
, 27

Exploitation
, 40, 78, 86

Eyewitness viral stars, Eyewitness virality
, 37, 38–44, 68

catchphrases
, 38–40

comedic factor
, 40

domestic violence and homelessness awareness
, 41–42

exotic informants
, 41

fame and commerce
, 42

financial return
, 43

likeability factor
, 40

news-reporting strategies and news network circuits
, 38

pity factor
, 40

social/economic progress
, 42

virality cycle
, 44

Facebook, xviii
, 30, 31, 38, 39, 41, 42, 48, 51, 53, 63, 85

Faces of memes
, 45–47

FameBit
, 84

Family Influencers
, 13, 85

Farley, Megan
, 121n154

Farokhmanesh, Megan
, 145n310

Fashion, Fashion blogger, Fashion industry
, 11, 13, 14, 17, 28, 73, 74, 76, 78, 80, 83, 84, 85, 87, 93, 151, 152

Fearn, Rebecca
, 139n274

Finstagrams
, 92

First order intimacy
, 9

Fiverr
, 65

Fleming Jr, Mike
, 126n182

Flite
, 84

FOMO, Fear of Missing Out
, 89

Fortune
, 142n294

Fritz, Ben
, 133n236

Funny Guys
, 65

Fyre Festival
, 85

9GAG
, 48

García-Rapp, Florencia
, 105n46

General, Ryan
, 147n322

Gibbs, Martin
, 106n47

Gilbert Chan
, 61

Ginzamarkets, Inc.
, 83

Goldsmith, Belinda
, 128n196

Gontcharova, Natalie
, 140n283

Google
, 84, 96

Govani, Shinan
, 139n276

Grace, Sophia
, 57, 128n198, 130n212, 213

Greyson Chance
, 57

Griffiths, Josie
, 109n69

Grumpy Cat, Tardar Sauce
, 51, 55

Guangzhou
, 73

Guarriello, Nicholas-Brie
, 105n42

Gushcloud
, 75, 83, 136n255

Haberman, Stephanie
, 122n163

Hallam, Jed
, 134n244

Hallanan, Lauren
, 140n282

Hashtags For Likes
, 80, 137n264

Hayden, Erik
, 122n162

Hearn, Alison
, 106n47

Heidi Yeh, Ugly Children Lawsuit Hoax
, 56

Hemsley, Jeff
, 124n173

Herrera, Monica
, 127n195

Herreria, Carla
, 144n306

h3h3Productions
, 66, 134n240, 134n242

Hjorth, Larissa
, 116n124.

HikakinTV
, 28, 113n100

Hollywood
, 1, 3, 17, 51

Hong Kong
, 21

Huang, Menglin
, 146n316

Huffington Post
, 122n157

Hunt, Elle
, 137n267, 142n293

Idols
, 2

Ignacio, Angela V.
, 113n106

igReviews
, 137n261

Impression management
, 6

Indonesia
, 12, 152

Infamy
, 16, 19, 20, 54, 56

Influencer, xviii
, 1, 13, 14, 52, 59, 61, 65, 67, 69, 71

The Influencer Network
, 75

affection economy
, 94–95

agencies and managers
, 74–76

attention economy
, 94–95

blogshops
, 73–74

calibrated amateurism
, 91–92

commercial blogging
, 73–74

definition
, 72

digital tools and social media
, 88

Finstagrams
, 92

implications

culture
, 85–86

economics
, 83–84

legality
, 84–85

polarizing coverage
, 82

social issues
, 86–87

Instagram Stories
, 88

marketing strategies
, 72

photoshopping
, 91

platformed fame
, 92–94

qualitative impact
, 95–97

quantitative metrics
, 95–97

repository format
, 89

revenue mode

advertising space sale, blogs and social media platforms
, 77–78

from advertorials
, 76–77

from selling wares
, 78

self-brand
, 71

shadow economies

bot followers & account purges
, 79–80

hashtag spam
, 80–81

Instagram & Twitter
, 81–82

products and services
, 78

Snapchat’s Stories
, 88

sociocultural climate and ideo-geographies
, 72

tasteful consumption formats
, 91

transient format
, 89

“war of eyeballs,”
, 90

Instagram
, 81–82, 88, 98, 137n266, 147n324

Intense Human Emotions
, 6

Intentional media coverage
, 4

Intersectionality, Intersectional
, 23, 26

Intimacy
, 8, 9, 12

Jack Neo
, 60

Japan, xviii
, 2, 27, 28, 36

The Jerry Springer Show
, 5

Jianhao Tan
, 61

Jimmy Kimmel Live!
, 57

Johnson, Sarah
, 126n188

Jwcfree
, 113n104, 113n105

Kai Langer
, 57

Kamen, Matt
, 137n268

Kan & Aki’s CHANNEL
, 28, 112n97, 112n97

Kardashian-Jenners
, 17

Kelly, Heather
, 108n67

KevJumba
, 87

Kimball, Trevor
, 130n214

Kimberly Wilkins, Sweet Brown
, 39

Kinoshita Yuka
, 23, 24, 36

Kircher, Madison Malone
, 138n270, 144n307, 148n329

Know Your Meme
, 124n170, 127n192

Korea Boo
, 115n114

Kozinets, Robert V.
, 148n333

K-pop
, 83, 87

Ladyironchef
, 136n257

Lakritz, Talia
, 110n74, 75

Langer, Michelle
, 127n193

Lashes, Ben
, 47, 51

The Late Late Show with James Corden
, 17, 107n58

Laura Izumikawa
, 33, 118n131, 118n136–137, 119n138–139,

Laurent, Dheepthika
, 108n62

Lavoie, Stephen,
, 114n111

League of Legends
, 86

Leaver, Tama
, 143n302

Lee, Dave
, 137n262

Lee, Yang Yi
, 130n216

LIBA Studio, viii
, 21, 24, 29, 31, 34, 39, 46, 49, 53, 58, 62, 73, 77, 90, 97

Liew, Isabelle
, 146n315

Li, Jiatao
, 135n247

Likeability factor
, 40

Lilymaymac
, 85

Little Big Shots, Steve Harvey
, 59

LiveJournal
, 73

Livestream
, 12

Lovemark
, 94

Mainstream celebrities
, 2

Makalintal, Bettina
, 147n320

Maker Studios, Disney
, 65

Malinda-White, Kyle
, 131n223, 131n224, 131n225

Markiplier
, 66, 134n239

Marwick, Alice
, 106n49, 108n63

Matic, Julie Ann
, 105n38

McCarter, Mark
, 119n142

McClelland, Rosie
, 57

McLaughlin, Erin
, 141n289

McMillan Cottom, Tressie
, 105n40

Mediacorp Suria
, 132n226–228

Media formats
, 5

MeiPai
, 30

Meitu Xiuxiu
, 27

Memes, Meme personalities
, 14, 37, 40, 44–47, 49, 52–56

capitalism and cultural industries logic
, 45

celebrities
, 50–52

cultural participants
, 44

faces of
, 45–47

meme personae
, 48–50

one-off virality
, 44

unwilling memes
, 52–56

Meng, Di
, 105n43

Meese, James
, 106n46

Michelle Dobyne
, 38, 39, 41

Microcelebrities
, 11–16, 37, 64–67, 86

“achieved” microcelebrities
, 12

audiences
, 15

blogshops format
, 13

concept of
, 12

digital media technologies and platforms
, 11

family Influencers
, 13

impact
, 15

vs. internet celebrity, structural differences
, 16

“micro-microcelebrities,”
, 11–16, 37, 64–67, 86

nature
, 15

platform
, 14

practice
, 15

scale
, 14

“Micro-microcelebrities,”
, 13

Miller, Joshua Rhett
, 145n309

Millington, Alison
, 109n70, 109n71

Milner, Ryan M
, 107n6, 122n158–161, 123n166, 125n176, 127n191

Molloy, Tim
, 119n143

The money shot
, 6

mrbrown
, 63, 113n231, 133n231, 133n233–234

Ms Yeah, Zhou Xiao Hui
, 30

Mukbang
, 14, 23, 24–27

“MunahHirziOfficial” (MHO)
, 61, 62, 131n222

The Museum of Ice Cream
, 87

Musical.ly
, 83

My Fat Pocket
, 75

Nahon, Karine
, 124n173

Nansen, Bjorn
, 106n46

Naomi Neo
, 61, 131n219

Naptime With Joey, Joey Marie Choi
, 33

The Narrative Group
, 84

Network
, 38, 41, 42, 46, 51, 65, 75, 83, 93

News.com.au.
, 125n180

Newton, Casey
, 147n322

Ng, Gwendolyn
, 131n221

Nicas, Jack
, 133n236

Nigeria
, 22

Night Owl Cinematics
, 85

Noah Ritter, Apparently Kid
, 57

Noah Yap
, 60

North America
, 152

Noyan, Burcu
, 139n275

Nuffnang
, 75, 136n254

O’Connor, Clare
, 126n183, 126n185

The Official Grumpy Cat
, 125n178

Online retail business
, 3

Oogui
, 23

OpenDiary
, 83

“Ordinary” life
, 5

Orientalism
, 26, 27

Ortiz, Meann
, 114n112

Otherness, Othering
, 40

Outfit of the Day, OOTD
, 33

Parasocial relations
, 8

Parker, Asha
, 121n153

Patricia Tayer, Kyra
, 114n108

Peaches Monroee
, 84

Pen-Pineapple-Apple-Pen, PPAP
, 27

Periscope
, 89

PewDiePie, Felix Kjellberg
, 65

Phan, Michelle
, 84, 141n288

Philip DeFranco
, 66

Photoshopping
, 91

Pikotaro
, 27, 33

Pink_Sparkles
, m86

Pity factor
, 40

Popular factual television
, 7

Power
, 96, 120n146

Pressly, Linda
, 146n314

Pulley, Anna
, 114n110

Purge, Instagram Purge
, 78, 80, 98

Purtill, James
, 142n292, 143n298

Qualities, exceptionalism (See Exceptionalism), exoticism (See Exoticism)

“capital” forms
, 19

everydayness
, 32–35

exclusivity
, 20–22

social behaviors
, 19

realgrumpycat.
, 125n177

Real Grumpy Cat
, 125n179

Reality TV
, 7–8, 11, 17, 22

Reddit, xviii
, 46, 47, 48, 51

Reinstein, Julia
, 138n272, 138n273

Repository format
, 89, 90, 93

Reuters
, 115n117, 116n121

Revenue mode, influencers

advertising space sale, blogs and social media platforms
, 77–78

from advertorials
, 76–77

from selling wares
, 78

Rich Kids of Instagram rkoi
, 20–22, 36, 108n68

Richkidsof
, 110n79

Riddell, Marlena
, 120n146

Ridiculously Photogenic Guy, Zeddie Watkins Little
, 55

Robehmed, Natalie
, 107n59

Roberts, Kevin
, 148n331

Robertson, Matt
, 123n164, 123n165

Roca-Cuberes, Carles
, 105n45

Ruth
, 105n39

Ryan Higa
, 87

Ryan ToysReview
, 87

Saaya
, 28, 112n91, 112n91

Said, Edward W.
, 110n84

Sales, Nancy Jo
, 145n313

Sasakiasahi
, 28, 112n92, 112n92

Schaefer, Mark
, 135n246

Schilling, Dave
, 121n151

Schmidt, Samantha
, 146n317

Schoenhoff, Stephanie
, 106n47

Second order intimacy
, 9

SekineRisa
, 28, 112n93

Self-brand
, 6, 10, 71

Selfie, xix
, 17, 87, 93

Senft, Theresa M.
, 106n48, 108n64

Shadow ban
, 80–81, 98

Shadow economies

bot followers & account purges
, 79–80

hashtag spam
, 80–81

Instagram & Twitter
, 81–82

products and services
, 78

Shenzhen
, 73

Shontell, Alyson
, 124n174–175

Shortline Dental
, 119n145

Sichuan
, 30

Silverman, Matt
, 124n172

Singapore, Singaporean, xviii
, 13, 17, 60, 61, 63, 72, 73, 74, 83, 85, 87, 88, 98

Slefo, George
, 141n287

Smart Insights
, 139n278

Snapchat
, 17, 84, 88, 89, 91, 93, 96, 97

Sochocki, Trevor
, 116n123, 117n126

Socialbakers
, 110n89, 113n101

Social Blade
, 27, 96, 112n90, 112n94, 112n94

Social capital
, 33

Social practices and identities
, 8

Solis, Brian
, 135n249

Southeast Asia
, 74, 83

South Korea, xviii
, 14, 23, 29, 36, 83

Sponsor
, 85

Spotted and groomed investments
, 37, 56–59, 68

commodified childhoods
, 59

Ellen factory
, 57–58

prime-time television
, 56

viral social media posts
, 56

Squier, Chem
, 110n78

Steel, Catherine Knight
, 120n146

Stern, Carly
, 142n296

Stories, xix
, 6, 38, 64, 81, 88, 93, 96

The Straits Times
, 130n217

Structural histories
, 3

Subculture, Subcultural
, 25, 61, 65, 67

Subversive frivolity, xix

Success Kid, Sammy Griner
, 48

Sungha Jung
, 29, 30, 36, 114n107, 114n109

Suria
, 62, 63

Sweden, Swedish, xviii
, 14, 64, 85

Switzerland
, 21

Tabloid
, 4, 18, 54, 63, 65

TagBlender
, 80, 137n263

Tait, Amelia
, 145n312

Taiwan, Taiwanese, xviii
, 23, 52, 87

Tan, Guan Zhen
, 144n304

Tantiangco, Aya
, 143n303

Tarento
, 2

Tasteful consumption formats
, 91

Tay, Samantha
, 115n115, 115n118, 117n128

“Technical capital,”
, 28

Television industry
, 6

Television, xviii
, 3–10, 17, 38, 42, 56, 60–62, 63, 68, 100

Tham, Chastina
, 114n108

TheEllenShow
, 128n199–202, 129n203–210, 130n211

TheGacchannel
, 28

theofficialsunghajung
, 114n113

Theoretical histories
, 3

Thet, Nyi Nyi
, 144n304

Thomas, Sujin
, 136n259

Thompson, Eric C.
, 106n50, 135n250

Thompson, Rachel
, 138n271

Time Magazine
, 1

Today (newspaper)
, 63

Tomi Lahren, The Blaze
, 85

The Tonight Show Starring Jimmy Fallon
, 56–57

Tosh Zhang
, 60

Traditional celebrities, Internet
, 16–18

Traditional media

crowd-puller cameos

“anti-Islam behaviour,”
, 63

censorship
, 63–64

internet-native audiences
, 30

lending fame
, 60–61

“MunahHirziOfficial” (MHO)
, 61

social media entertainment
, 62

YouTube content production
, 62

digital audience
, 37

eyewitness viral stars

catchphrases
, 38–40

comedic factor
, 40

domestic violence and homelessness awareness
, 41–42

exotic informants
, 41

fame and commerce
, 42

financial return
, 43

likeability factor
, 40

news-reporting strategies and news network circuits
, 38

pity factor
, 40

social/economic progress
, 42

virality cycle
, 44

meme personalities

capitalism and cultural industries logic
, 45

celebrities
, 50–52

cultural participants
, 44

faces of
, 45–47

meme personae
, 48–50

one-off virality
, 44

unwilling memes
, 52–56

spotted and groomed investments

commodified childhoods
, 59

Ellen factory
, 57–58

prime-time television
, 56

viral social media posts
, 56

value flows
, 68

weaponized microcelebrity

attention hacking
, 64

context and control
, 64–66

YouTubers talk back
, 66–67

Transient format
, 4, 14, 16, 38, 39, 41, 43, 47, 88, 89, 91, 93, 94

The Traveling Garden Gnome
, xix, 33

Troye Sivan
, 1

Tsui, Anne
, 135n247

Tufeci, Zeynep
, 105n41

Tumblr, xviii
, 20, 21, 87

Turkey
, 152

TV celebrities
, 7–8

Twitch
, 86, 89

Twitter
, 81–82, 148n332

U.K.
, 58, 84

Universal Music Japan
, 28, 112n95, 112n95

Unwilling memes
, 52–56

USA, xviii
, 3, 27

Vanessa C.
, 119n144

de Valck, Kristine
, 148n333

Vice
, 146n318

Vietnam
, 22

Viral, Virality

cycle
, 44

eyewitness
, 37, 38–44, 68

VisualiveTV
, 120n146

Voyeurism
, 36

Wallace, Francesca
, 143n299

Wallace, Julia
, 144n308

The Wall Street Journal
, 64–67

Walsh, Ben
, 126n184

“Wanghong,”
, 2, 3

Wanghong, Zhibo wanghong
, 32

Wang, Yuejia
, 105n43

Warna, Emily
, 139n279

“War of eyeballs,”
, 90

Weaponized microcelebrity
, 37, 64–67

attention hacking
, 64

context and control
, 64–66

YouTubers talk back
, 66–67

Webcam, xvii
, 11, 14, 88

Weibo
, 30

Weird
, 26, 55, 99

Weldon, Elizabeth
, 135n247

WhatsApp
, 97

Wiener, Anna
, 147n323

Wife with a Purpose
, 86

Wilner, Sarah J. S.
, 148n333

Winkler, Rolfe
, 133n236

Wishcrys
, 110n85, 110n86

Withfluence
, 83

WNEP-TV
, 127n194

Wojnicki, Andrea V.
, 148n333

Xiaoman
, 87

Xiaxue
, 136n258

Yardi, Sarita
, 113n102, 113n103

Yello Digital Marketing
, 83

YG Entertainment
, 83

YouTube
, 66–67

Yoyo Cao
, 84

Yu, Heather Johnson
, 144n305

Zhang, Ge
, 116n124

Zhuang, Pinghui
, 116n122, 117n125

Zoe Sugg
, 1