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Evolution and Transition

Historical Perspectives on Teacher Preparation in Aotearoa New Zealand

ISBN: 978-1-78754-640-0, eISBN: 978-1-78754-639-4

Publication date: 11 July 2019


Teacher colleges played a significant role in the preparation of teachers for over 100 years in New Zealand. Teacher training colleges opened in the 1880s and served as the main institutions for teacher preparation. Toward the end of the twentieth century, the plight of teachers’ colleges once again fell victim to the ‘decline and demand cycle’ for teachers. Fueled by discussions regarding the extent teacher training should be “practically based in the classroom”, new government directions and policy priorities for the preparation of the teaching workforce were implemented. All teacher colleges experienced either staged amalgamations or ultimate closure. In the late 1970s and 1980s, the preparation of teachers entered a new phase as the responsibility shifted to the university sector, which included the training of kindergarten teachers. While the policy rhetoric imagined this to be an amalgamation, the reality was a process fraught with a number of anxieties, not the least of which were the intellectual shifts.



Fitzgerald, T. and Knipe, S. (2019), "Evolution and Transition", Historical Perspectives on Teacher Preparation in Aotearoa New Zealand (Emerald Studies in Teacher Preparation in National and Global Contexts), Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 125-142.



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