Allocating risk in public–private partnership (PPP) projects based on public–private parties’ risk management (RM) capabilities is a condition for success of these projects. In practice, however, risks are allocated to these parties beyond their respective RM capabilities. Too much risk is often assigned to the private or public party, resulting in poor RM and costly contract renegotiations and terminations. This chapter proposes a methodology based on fuzzy set theory (FST) in which decision makers (DMs) use linguistic variables to assess and calculate RM capability values of public–private parties for risk events and to arrive at risk allocation (RA) decisions. The proposed methodology is based on integrating RA decision criteria, the Delphi method and the fuzzy synthetic evaluation (FSE) technique. The application of FSE allows for the introduction of linguistic variables that express DMs’ evaluations of RM capabilities. This provides a means to deal with the problems of qualitative, multi-criteria analysis, subjectivity and uncertainty that characterise decision-making in the construction domain. The methodology is outlined and demonstrated based on empirical data collected through a three-round Delphi survey. The public–private parties’ RM capability values for land acquisition risk are calculated using the proposed methodology. The methodology is helpful for performing fuzzy-based analysis in PPP projects, even in the event of limited or no data. This chapter makes the contribution of presenting a RA decision-making methodology that is easy to understand and use in PPP contracting and that enables DMs to track calculations of RM capability values.
This chapter’s contribution is based on a doctoral research project entitled ‘Risk Allocation Model for Public–Private Partnership (PPP) Water Supply Projects in Ghana’, fully funded by the International Postgraduate Scholarship from The Hong Kong Polytechnic University, from which other papers have been generated with different objectives but which share a common research methodology and theme/background.
Ameyaw, E. and Chan, A. (2018), "Modelling Risk Allocation Decisions in Public–Private Partnership Contracts using the Fuzzy Set Approach", Fayek, A. (Ed.) Fuzzy Hybrid Computing in Construction Engineering and Management, Emerald Publishing Limited, pp. 337-355. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78743-868-220181009Download as .RIS
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