In the previous chapters of this part, we considered voter turnout, ownership concentration and voting behaviour of shareholders. In this chapter, we take a closer look at the types of shareholders that are present in our data set. We define five different types of shareholders and evaluate their stakes. Afterwards, we consider outsider shareholder voting behaviour and find that, when only considering these shareholders, dissent rates are significantly higher. These findings imply that it may be desirable for continental European countries to consider a rule like UK Listing Rules 9.2.2AR to ER.
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