Peter K. Ross (Griffith University, Queensland, Australia)
Susan Ressia (Griffith University, Queensland, Australia)
Elizabeth J. Sander (Bond Business School, Queensland, Australia)

Work in the 21st Century

ISBN: 978-1-78714-578-8, eISBN: 978-1-78714-577-1

Publication date: 1 July 2017


Ross, P.K., Ressia, S. and Sander, E.J. (2017), "References", Work in the 21st Century (The Changing Context of Managing People), Emerald Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 155-182.



Emerald Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2017 Emerald Publishing Limited

Abdullah (2016) Abdullah, Z. (2016). The start-up nuTonomy, by MIT researchers here, beat Uber’s trial slated for end of month. The Straits Times, August 26. Retrieved from

Ace Infoway (2016) Ace Infoway . (2016). Virtual captives/staff leasing. Ace Inforway. Retrieved, from Accessed on November 2, 2016.

Al Ariss (2010) Al Ariss, A. (2010). Modes of engagement: Migration, self-initiated expatriation, and career development. Career Development International, 15(4), 338358.

Al Ariss & Syed (2011) Al Ariss, A. , & Syed, J. (2011). Capital mobilization of skilled migrants: A relational perspective. British Journal of Management, 22, 286304.

Alam & Imran (2015) Alam, K. , & Imran, S. (2015). The digital divide and social inclusion among refugee migrants: A case in regional Australia. Information Technology and People, 28(2), 344365.

Alcorso & Ho (2006) Alcorso, C. , & Ho, C. (2006). Migrant women and the Australian information, communications and technology sector – a special case? Labour and Industry, 16(3), 109131.

Allan (2007) Allan, S. (2007). Citizen journalism and the rise of “mass self-communication”: Reporting the London bombings. Global Media Journal, 1(1), 120.

Alter (2013) Alter, A. (2013). Drunk tank pink: And other unexpected forces that shape how we think, feel, and behave. London: Penguin Press.

Amorós & Bosma (2014) Amorós, J. E. , & Bosma, N. (2014). Global Entrepreneurship Monitor 2013 Global Report: Fifteen years of assessing entrepreneurship across the globe. Global Entrepreneurship Monitor. Retrieved from

Anand & Singh (2011) Anand, A. , & Singh, M. D. (2011). Understanding knowledge management: A literature review. International Journal of Engineering Science and Technology, 3(2), 926939.

Andrade, Ares, Suarez, & Giret (2013) Andrade, J. , Ares, J. , Suarez, S. , & Giret, A. (2013). Implementation challenges for supporting coworking virtual enterprises. Proceedings of the 10th International Conference on e-Business Engineering (ICEBE) (pp. 9–16), Coventry, United Kingdom.

Angrave, Charlwood, Kirkpatrick, Lawrence, & Stuart (2016) Angrave, D. , Charlwood, A. , Kirkpatrick, I. , Lawrence, M. , & Stuart, M. (2016). HR and analytics: Why HR is set to fail the big data challenge. Human Resource Management Journal, Provocation Series Paper, 26(1), 111.

Aoki (1987) Aoki, M. (1987). The participatory generation of information rents and the theory of the firm. In M. Aoki , B. Gustafsson , & O. Williamson (Eds.), The Firm as a nexus of treaties (pp. 2651). London: Sage.

App-Annie (2016) App-Annie . (2016). App Annie 2016 Retrospective: Research and analysis. Retrieved from Accessed on January 20, 2017,

Appel-Meulenbroek, Groenen, & Janssen (2011) Appel-Meulenbroek, R. , Groenen, P. , & Janssen, I. (2011). An end-user’s perspective on activity-based office concepts. Journal of Corporate Real Estate, 13(2), 122135.

Aries, Veitch, & Newsham (2010) Aries, M. B. C. , Veitch, J. A. , & Newsham, G. R. (2010). Windows, view, and office characteristics predict physical and psychological discomfort. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 30, 533541.

Armbrust et al. (2010) Armbrust, M. , Fox, A. , Griffith, R. , Joseph, A. D. , Katz, R. , Konwinski, A. , … Zaharia, M. (2010). A view of cloud computing: Clearing the clouds away from the true potential and obstacles posed by this computing capability. Communications of the ACM, 53(4), 5058. doi:10.1145/1721654.1721672.

Audretsch, Keilbach, & Lehmann (2006) Audretsch, D. B. , Keilbach, M. C. , & Lehmann, E. E. (2006). Entrepreneurship and economic growth. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Augustin (2009) Augustin, S. (2009). Place advantage: Applied psychology for interior architecture. Milton: Wiley.

Avent (2014) Avent, R. (2014). Labour markets: A theory of troubles. The Economist: Free Exchange. Retrieved from

Azmat (2013) Azmat, F. (2013). Opportunities or obstacles? Understanding the challenges faced by migrant women entrepreneurs. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 5(2), 198215.

Azmat (2014) Azmat, F. (2014). Migrant women entrepreneurs: Exploring the barriers. In L. Kelly (Ed.), Entrepreneurial women: New management and leadership models (pp. 199217). Santa Barbara, CA: ABO-CLIO.

Azmat & Fujimoto (2016) Azmat, F. , & Fujimoto, Y. (2016). Family embeddedness and entrepreneurship experience: A study of Indian migrant women entrepreneurs in Australia. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development. Retrieved from

Backhouse & Drew (1992) Backhouse, A. , & Drew, P. (1992). The design implications of social interaction in a workplace setting. Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 19, 573584.

Bailey & Kurland (2002) Bailey, D. E. , & Kurland, N. B. (2002). A review of telework research: Findings, new directions, and lessons for the study of modern work. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 23(4), 383400.

Baker (2007) Baker, K. J. (2007). Economic tsunami: China’s car industry will sweep away western car makers. Kenthurst: Rosenberg Publishing.

Bals, Berry, & Hartmann (2008) Bals, L. , Berry, H. , & Hartmann, E. (2008). What is a ‘Born global’ firm? Faculty Working Paper, Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.

Bamber, Lansbury, & Wailes (2011) Bamber, G. J. , Lansbury, R. D. , & Wailes, N. (Eds.). (2011). International and comparative employment relations: Globalisation and change. Crows Nest: Allen & Unwin.

Basu (2016) Basu, K. (2016). Globalization of labor markets and the growth prospects of nations. World Bank Group, Policy Research Working Paper 7590. Retrieved from

Baxendale (2016) Baxendale, R. (2016). Pyne defends 457 visa tightening. The Australian, November 18. Retrieved from

Becker (2014) Becker, F. D. (2014). When assessing workplace strategy, test, don’t guess. Retrieved from

Bermudez, Krizaj, Lipschitz, Yurgelun-Todd, & Nakamura (2015) Bermudez, J. , Krizaj, D. , Lipschitz, D. , Yurgelun-Todd, D. , & Nakamura, Y. (2015). fMRI Study of architecturally-induced contemplative states. ANFA Conference 2014, Salk Institute, La Jolla, California: Academy of Neuroscience for Architecture. Retrieved from

Bertolucci (2014) Bertolucci, J. (2014). Big data drives the smart car information week. Big Data Analytics. Retrieved from

Beschorner, Kuek, & Narimatsu (2015) Beschorner, N. , Kuek, S. C. , & Narimatsu, J. (2015). Information and communication technologies for jobs in the Pacific. World Bank Report No: 96218-EAP. The World Bank, Washington, DC.

Bias (2010) Bias, R. (2010). The Cloud is not outsourcing. Cloudbook, 1(2). Retrieved from

Bissola & Imperatori (2014) Bissola, R. , & Imperatori, B. (2014). The unexpected side of relational e-HRM: Developing trust in the HR department. Employee Relations, 36(4), 376397.

Bitner (1992) Bitner, M. J. (1992). Servicescapes: The impact of physical surroundings on customers and employees. Journal of Marketing, 56, 3750.

Bland (2015) Bland, A. (2015). The office space race: Why workplace building is booming. The Guardian. Retrieved from

Blok, Groenesteijn, Schelvis, & Vink (2012) Blok, M. M. , Groenesteijn, L. , Schelvis, R. , & Vink, P. (2012). New ways of working: Does flexibility in time and location of work change work behavior and affect business outcomes? Work, 41(Supplement 1), 26052610.

BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics) (2015) BLS (Bureau of Labor Statistics) . (2015). Occupational Outlook Handbook 2016-17: Heavy and tractor-trailer truck drivers. Bureau of Labor Statistics, U.S. Department of Labor. Retrieved from

Bomhof & van Hoorik (2009) Bomhof, F. , & van Hoorik, P. (2009). Systematic analysis of rebound effects, for “greening by ICT” initiatives. Communications and Strategies, 76, 7796.

Bosua, Gloet, Kurnia, Mendoza, & Yong (2012) Bosua, R. , Gloet, M. , Kurnia, S. , Mendoza, A. , & Yong, J. (2012). Telework, productivity and wellbeing. Institute for a Broadband-Enabled Society (IBES), The University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia.

Bosua, Gloet, Kurnia, Mendoza, & Yong (2013) Bosua, R. , Gloet, M. , Kurnia, S. , Mendoza, A. , & Yong, J. (2013). Telework, productivity and wellbeing: An Australian perspective. Telecommunications Journal of Australia, 63(1), 11.111.12.

Boucher (2006) Boucher, A. (2006). Skill, migration and gender in Australia and Canada: The case of gender based analysis. Australian Journal of Political Science, 42(3), 383401.

Boyd & Grieco (2003) Boyd, M. , & Grieco, E. (2003). Women and migration: Incorporating gender into international migration theory. Retrieved from

Bradley (2012) Bradley, T. (2012). Should you worry about Google drive privacy? PCWorld. Retrieved from

Brand (2008) Brand, J. L. (2008). Office ergonomics: A review of pertinent research and recent developments. Reviews of Human Factors and Ergonomics, 4(1), 245282.

Braverman (1974) Braverman, H. (1974). Labor and monopoly capital: The degradation of work in the twentieth century. New York, NY: Monthly Review Press.

Brennan, Chugh, & Kline (2002) Brennan, A. , Chugh, J. S. , & Kline, T. (2002). Traditional versus open office design: A longitudinal field study. Environment and Behavior, 34(3), 279299.

Bringslimark, Hartig, & Patil (2009) Bringslimark, T. , Hartig, T. , & Patil, G. G. (2009). The psychological benefits of indoor plants: A critical review of the experimental literature. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 29(4), 422433.

Brunelle (2013) Brunelle, E. (2013). Leadership and mobile working: The impact of distance on the superior-subordinate relationship and the moderating effects of leadership style. International Journal of Business and Social Science, 4(11), 114.

Bryant (2003) Bryant, S. E. (2003). The role of transformational and transactional leadership in creating, sharing and exploiting organizational knowledge. Journal of Leadership and Organizational Studies, 9(4), 3244.

Bureau of Labor Statistics (2016) Bureau of Labor Statistics (2016). Productivity research and program development. Retrieved from

Burgess & Strachan (2005) Burgess, J. , & Strachan, G. (2005). Integrating work and family responsibilities: Policies for lifting women’s labour activity rates. Just Policy, 35, 512.

Burt-Thomas (2015) Burt-Thomas, W. (2015). 10 crowdfunding websites every non-profit should know. Vertical Response. Retrieved from

Business Wire (2008) Business Wire . (2008). Amazon mechanical Turk launches new web-based tools that bring the power of an on-demand workforce to businesses worldwide. Business Wire. Retrieved from

Bygrave & Hofer (1991) Bygrave, W. D. , & Hofer, C. W. (1991). Theorizing about entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 16(2), 1322.

Byhovskaya (2016) Byhovskaya, A. (2016). Robots versus workers: Towards an open, equitable and inclusive digital economy. OECD Observer, 307. Retrieved from,_equitable_and_inclusive_digital_economy.html

Cain (2013) Cain, S. (2013). Quiet: The power of introverts in a world that can’t stop talking. New York, NY: Broadway Books.

Cameron (2012) Cameron, C. (2012). Coworking offices – the emerging trend and implications for Queensland in an era of high-speed broadband. Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation, Queensland Government, Brisbane, Queensland.

Campbell, Whitehouse, & Baxter (2009) Campbell, I. , Whitehouse, G. , & Baxter, J. (2009). Australia: Casual employment, part-time employment and the resilience of the male-breadwinner model. In L. Vosko , F. M. MacDonald , & I. Campbell (Eds.), Gender and the contours of precarious employment (pp. 6077). Abingdon: Taylor and Francis.

Capdevila (2013) Capdevila, I. (2013). Knowledge dynamics in localized communities: Coworking spaces as microclusters. Retrieved from

Capdevila (2014) Capdevila, I. (2014). Coworking spaces and the localized dynamics of innovation. The Case of Barcelona. Retrieved from

Caproni (1997) Caproni, P. (1997). Work/life balance: You can’t get there from here. The Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 1(33), 4656.

Carnevale (2016) Carnevale, A. (2016). Trump has promised manufacturing jobs, but high school grads might want to seek credentialed “middle-skills” posts instead. The Hechinger Report. Retrieved from

Carroll & Buchholtz (2009) Carroll, A. B. , & Buchholtz, A. K. (2009). Business and society: Ethics and stakeholder management (7th ed.). Cincinnati, OH: Thomson South-Western.

Carruthers (2011) Carruthers, F. (2011). Hidden cost of working from home. Financial Review. Retrieved from

Casson (2003) Casson, M. (2003). The entrepreneur: An economic theory. Northhampton, MA: Edward Elgar Publishing.

CBRE (2014) CBRE . (2014). Designing the office of the future? Retrieved from

Chacos (2016) Chacos, B. (2016). 7 ways Windows 10 pushes ads at you, and how to stop them: The cure for one of Windows 10’s biggest headaches. PC World. Retrieved from

Chafkin (2016) Chafkin, M. (2016). Uber’s first self-driving fleet arrives in Pittsburgh this month. Bloomberg Businessweek. Retrieved from

Charlesworth, Campbell, Probert, Allan, & Morgan (2002) Charlesworth, S. , Campbell, I. , Probert, B. , Allan, J. , & Morgan, L. (2002). Balancing work and family responsibilities: Policy implementation options. Report for the Victorian Department of Premier and Cabinet & Department of Innovation, Industry and Regional Development. Centre for Applied Social Research, RMIT University, Melbourne.

Chen, Chiang, & Storey (2012) Chen, H. , Chiang, R. H. L. , & Storey, V. C. (2012). Business intelligence and analytics: From big data to big impact. MIS Quarterly, 36(4), 11651188.

Ciocchetti (2011) Ciocchetti, C. A. (2011). The eavesdropping employer: A twenty-first century framework for employee monitoring. American Business Law Journal, 48, 285369.

Cisco (2007) Cisco . (2007). A study: Understanding and managing the mobile workforce. San Jose, CA: Cisco Systems.

Cisco (2016) Cisco . (2016). The Zettabyte Era – Trends and analysis. Cisco White Papers. Retrieved from

Cliff, Grün, Ville, & Dolnicar (2015) Cliff, K. , Grün, B. , Ville, S. , & Dolnicar, S. (2015). A conceptual framework of skilled female migrant retention. Economic Papers, 34(3), 118127.

Coenen & Kok (2014) Coenen, M. , & Kok, R. A. W. (2014). Workplace flexibility and new product development performance: The role of telework and flexible work schedules. European Management Journal, 32(4), 113.

Collins (2003) Collins, J. (2003). Cultural diversity and entrepreneurship: Policy responses to immigrant entrepreneurs in Australia. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 15, 137149.

Collins & Low (2010) Collins, J. , & Low, A. (2010). Asian female immigrant entrepreneurs in small and medium-sized businesses in Australia. Entrepreneurship and Regional Development, 22(1), 97111.

Columbus (2016) Columbus, L. (2016). Roundup of Cloud computing forecasts and market estimates 2016. Forbes. Retrieved from

Cooke (2007) Cooke, F. L. (2007). “Husband’s career first”: Renegotiating career and family commitment among migrant Chinese academic couples in Britain. Work, Employment and Society, 21(1), 4765.

Coward (2016) Coward, J. (2016). Industry insight: Outsourcing in 2020. National Outsourcing Association. Retrieved from

Coworking Wiki (2016) Coworking Wiki . (2016). Coworking manifesto (global-for the world). Coworking wiki. Retrieved from

Crilly et al. (2015) Crilly, J. L. , Boyle, J. , Jessup, M. , Wallis, M. , Lind, J. , Green, D. , & FitzGerald, G. (2015). The implementation and evaluation of the patient admission prediction tool: Assessing its impact on decision-making strategies and patient flow outcomes in 2 Australian hospitals. Quality Management in Health Care Journal, 24(4), 169175.

Cross, Rebele, & Grant (2016) Cross, R. , Rebele, R. , & Grant, A. (2016). Collaborative overload. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from

Currey (2013) Currey, M. (Ed.). (2013). Daily rituals: How artists work. New York, NY: Knopf.

Davidov (in press) Davidov, G. (in press). The status of Uber drivers: A purposive approach. Spanish Labour Law and Employment Relations Journal.

Davis, Leach, & Clegg (2011) Davis, M. C. , Leach, D. J. , & Clegg, C. W. (2011). The physical environment of the office: Contemporary and emerging issues. In G. P. Hodgkinson & J. K. Ford (Eds.), International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology 2011 (Vol. 26, pp. 193237). Chichester: Wiley. doi:10.1002/9781119992592.ch6

Davis (1984) Davis, T. R. (1984). The influence of the physical environment in offices. Academy of Management Review, 9, 271283.

De Croon, Sluiter, Kuijer, & Frings-Dresen (2005) De Croon, E. , Sluiter, J. , Kuijer, P. P. , & Frings-Dresen, M. (2005). The effect of office concepts on worker health and performance: A systematic review of the literature. Ergonomics, 48(2), 119134.

De Jong & Mante-Meijer (2008) De Jong, A. , & Mante-Meijer, E. (2008). Teleworking behind the front door: The patterns and meaning of telework in the everyday lives of workers. In E. Loos , E. Mante-Meijer , & L. Haddon (Eds.), The social dynamics of information and communication technology (pp. 171187). Burlington, VT: Ashgate.

De Koven (2013) De Koven, B. (2013). The coworking connection. Deepfun with Bernard De Koven. Retrieved from

de Vries (2014) de Vries, H. P. (2014). Does it really matter? Understanding the impact of engagement and beliefs on immigrant ethnic minority entrepreneurship. Small Enterprise Research, 21, 7281.

DeArmond & Crawford (2011) DeArmond, S. , & Crawford, E. C. (2011). Organization personality perceptions and attraction: The role of social identity consciousness. International Journal of Selection and Assessment, 19, 405414.

Degryse (2016) Degryse, C. (2016). Here are the new social risks of the fourth industrial revolution. Social Europe. Retrieved from

DeGuzman & Tang (2011) DeGuzman, G. , & Tang, A. (2011). Working in the UnOffice: A guide to coworking for Indie workers, small businesses, and nonprofits. San Francisco, CA: Night Owls Press.

Demasi & Huntley (2014) Demasi, L. , & Huntley, R. (2014). Life on Demand: How technology is transforming daily life. Sydney, NSW: Ipsos/Microsoft, Sydney, NSW.

Demerouti, Derks, Ten Brummelhuis, & Bakker (2014) Demerouti, E. , Derks, D. , Ten Brummelhuis, L. L. , & Bakker, A. B. (2014). New ways of working: Impact on working conditions, work–family balance, and well-being. In C. Karunka & P. Hoonakker (Eds.), The impact of ICT on quality of working life. Dordrecht: Springer Science.

Denison, Hart, & Kahn (1996) Denison, D. R. , Hart, S. L. , & Kahn, J. A. (1996). From chimneys to cross-functional teams: Developing and validating a diagnostic model. Academy of Management Journal, 39(4), 10051023.

Department of Employment (2015) Department of Employment . (2015). 30 years of success: Celebrating the NEIS Programme. Department of Employment, Australian Government, Canberra.

Deskmag (2017) Deskmag . (2017). First results of the 2017 Global Coworking Survey. Deskmag. Retrieved from

DeZyre (2015) DeZyre . (2015). How big data analysis helped increase Walmarts sales turnover. DeZyre. Retrieved from

DFD (Department of Finance and Deregulation) (2011) DFD (Department of Finance and Deregulation) . (2011). Cloud computing strategic direction paper: Opportunities and applicability for use by the Australian Government. Department of Finance and Deregulation, Canberra, Australia.

Dinh, Strazdins, & Welsh (2017) Dinh, H. , Strazdins, L. , & Welsh, J. (2017). Hour-glass ceilings: Work-hour thresholds, gendered health inequities. Social Science and Medicine, 176, 4251.

Dixon & Ross (2011) Dixon, M. , & Ross, P. (2011). VWork: Measuring the benefits of agility at work. Regus/Unwired. Retrieved from

DOC (Department of Communications) (2013) DOC (Department of Communications) . (2013). Managing Telework: Capturing the productivity benefits, telework a new way to work. Australian Government Department of Communications, Canberra. Retrieved from Accessed on October 10, 2013.

Dolmatch (2015) Dolmatch . (2015). MBO partners named to the 2015 staffing industry analysts largest human cloud platforms in the world list. Newsmaker. Retrieved from

Drahokoupil & Fabo (2016) Drahokoupil, J. , & Fabo, B. (2016). The platform economy and the disruption of the employment relationship. ETUI Policy Brief No. 5/2016, Brussels, European Economic, Employment and Social Policy.

Duffy (2007) Duffy, F. (2007). The death and life of the urban office. The Endless City. London: Phaidon Press.

Dul & Ceylan (2011) Dul, J. , & Ceylan, C. (2011). Work environments for employee creativity. Ergonomics, 54, 1220.

Duncan et al. (2016) Duncan, A. , Bremermann, M. , Duran, J. , Fontanarosa, F. , Kraemer, B. , Kullander, M. , … Tönnes Lönnroos, L. (2016). Digitalisation and working life: Lessons from the Uber cases around Europe. Retrieved from Accessed on January 25, 2016.

Eaton (2003) Eaton, S. C. (2003). If you can use them: Flexibility policies, organizational commitment, and perceived performance. Industrial Relations, 42(2), 145167.

Edwards & Wajcman (2005) Edwards, P. K. , & Wajcman, J. (2005). The politics of working life. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Elance (2011) Elance . (2011). Tapping into the human cloud: A blueprint for building your startup in the cloud. Elance. Retrieved from Accessed on October 31, 2016.

Ellison (2004) Ellison, N. B. (2004). Telework and social change. Westport, CT: Praeger.

Ellram & Cousins (2007) Ellram, L. M. , & Cousins, P. (2007). Supply management. In J. T. Mentzer , M. B. Myers , & T. P. Stank (Eds.), Handbook of global supply chain management. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Elsbach (2004) Elsbach, K. D. (2004). Interpreting workplace identities: The role of office décor. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 25(1), 99128.

Elsbach & Pratt (2007) Elsbach, K. D. , & Pratt, M. G. (2007). The physical environment in organizations. The Academy of Management Annals, 1(1), 181224.

Etro (2009) Etro, F. (2009). The economic impact of Cloud computing on business creation, employment and output in Europe: An application of the endogenous market structures approach to a GPT innovation. Review of Business and Economics, LIV(2), 179208.

Eturk & Fail (2013) Eturk, E. , & Fail, D. (2013). Information technology trends in New Zealand: Review of emerging social trends, current issues and policies. Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences, 4(1), 4652.

Fagan, Lyonette, Smith, & Saldana-Tejeda (2012) Fagan, C. , Lyonette, C. , Smith, M. , & Saldana-Tejeda, A. (2012 ). The influence of working time arrangements on work–life integration or ‘balance’: A review of the international evidence. Geneva: ILO.

Falcon (2013) Falcon, A. (2013). Crowdfunding sites to fuel your dream project. . Retrieved February 10, 2013 from

Faletski (2012) Faletski, I. (2012). Apple’s App Store: An economy for 1 percent of developers. Retrieved from

Feldman (1998) Feldman, M. (1998). The new economics of innovation, spillovers and agglomeration: A review of empirical studies. Economics of Innovation and New Technology, 8, 525.

Ferguson (2012) Ferguson, R. B. (2012). Mining data at PayPal to guide business strategy. MIT Sloan Management Review, 2012, 17.

Ferro (2015) Ferro, S. (2015). Six major design trends shaping city life in 2015. Retrieved from

Fersht (2012) Fersht, P. (2012). Greetings from Robotistan, outsourcing’s cheapest new destination. Horses for Sources Research. Retrieved from

Fersht (2016a) Fersht, P. (2016a). President Trump is the death-knell for traditional offshore outsourcing… as we know it. Horses for Sources Research. Retrieved from

Fersht (2016b) Fersht, P. (2016b). Digital labor will trim 1.4 million global services jobs by 2021. Horses for Sources. Retrieved from

Fersht & Slaby (2012) Fersht, P. , & Slaby, J. R. (2012). Robotic automation emerges as a threat to traditional low-cost outsourcing: Cheap, easy-to-develop software robots will eventually supplant many offshore FTEs. Horses for Sources Research. Retrieved from

Fleming & Koppelman (1996) Fleming, Q. W. , & Koppelman, I. J. M. (1996). Integrated project development teams: Another fad … or a permanent change. International Journal of Project Management, 14(3), 163168.

Florida (2008) Florida, R. (2008). Who’s your city? New York, NY: Basic Books.

Foertsch (2015) Foertsch, C. (2015). First results of the new global coworking survey. Deskmag News, November 20. Retrieved from

Foertsch (2016) Foertsch, C. (2016). 2016 coworking forecast. Deskmag News, January 29. Retrieved from

Folkestad & Gonzalez (2010) Folkestad, J. , & Gonzalez, R. (2010). Teamwork for innovation: A content analysis of the highly read and highly cited literature on innovation. Advances in Developing Human Resources, 12, 115136.

Fonner & Stache (2012) Fonner, K. L. , & Stache, L. C. (2012). All in a day’s work, at home: Teleworkers’ management of micro role transitions and the work–home boundary. New Technology, Work and Employment, 27, 242257.

Forbes (2014) Forbes, T. (2014). Queensland public servants trial digital hubs, flexible work arrangements. ABC News. Retrieved from

Forlano (2009) Forlano, L. (2009). Breakout! Escape from the office. Retrieved from

Fox & O’Connor (2015) Fox, K. , & O’Connor, J. (2015, November 29). Five ways that work will change in the future. The Guardian. Retrieved from

Frey & Osborne (2016) Frey, C. B. , & Osbourne, M. A. (2016). Technology at work v2: The future is not what it used to be. Citi GPS Report. Retrieved from

Frey & Osbourne (2017) Frey, C. B. , & Osbourne, M. A. (2017). The future of employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation? Technological Forecasting and Social Change, 114, 254280.

FT (Financial Times) (2016) FT (Financial Times) . (2016). Definition of the human cloud. Financial Times. Retrieved from

Gabrielsson & Kirpalani (2012) Gabrielsson, M. , & Kirpalani, V. H. (Eds.). (2012). Handbook of research on born globals. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Gagliardi (2013) Gagliardi, D. (2013). Next generation entrepreneur: Innovation strategy through Web 2.0 technologies in SMEs. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 25(8), 891904.

Gandomi & Haider (2015) Gandomi, A. , & Haider, M. (2015). Beyond the hype: Big data concepts, methods, and analytics. International Journal of Information Management, 35, 137144.

Gannes (2013) Gannes, L. (2013). AngelList raises $24M, having raised $200M for other startups and helped 3,000 people get jobs. All Things D. Retrieved from

Gedeon (2010) Gedeon, S. (2010). What is entrepreneurship? Entrepreneurial Practice Review, 1(3), 1635.

Geiger (2014) Geiger, J. (2014). The surprising link between hurricanes and strawberry pop-tarts: Brought to you by clean, consistent and connected data. Informatica. Retrieved from

Gensler (2013) Gensler . (2013). 2013 U.S. Workplace Survey. Retrieved from

Gereffi, Castillo, & Fernandez-Stark (2009) Gereffi, G. , Castillo, M. , & Fernandez-Stark, K. (2009). The offshore services industry: A new opportunity for Latin America. Center on Globalization, Governance & Competitiveness, Duke University/CORFO (Chilean Economic Development Agency). Retrieved from

Gerhart & Trevor (1996) Gerhart, B. , & Trevor, C. O. (1996). Employment variability under different managerial compensation systems. Academy of Management Journal, 39(6), 16921712.

Gershater (2012) Gershater, J. (2012). Cloud computing and the Patriot Act. Cloudbook, 3(1). Retrieved from

Ghaffarzadeh, Harrop, & Zervos (2016) Ghaffarzadeh, K. , Harrop, J. , & Zervos (2016). Agricultural robots and drones 2016-2026: Technologies, markets, forecasts. IDTechEx. Retrieved from Accessed on January 5, 2017.

GI (The Green Institute) (2016) GI (The Green Institute) . (2016). Can less work be more fair: A discussion paper on universal basic income. The Green Institute. Retrieved from

Gibson & Cohen (2003) Gibson, C. B. , & Cohen, S. G. (2003). Virtual teams that work. San Francisco, CA: Wiley.

Gillies (2015) Gillies, D. (2015). Review of Paul Mason’s book, Postcapitalism: A guide to our future. Real-world Economics Review, 73, 110119.

Golden (2012) Golden, T. D. (2012). Altering the effects of work and family conflict on exhaustion: Telework during traditional and nontraditional work hours. Journal of Business and Psychology, 27(3), 255269.

Golden, Viega, & Dino (2008) Golden, T. D. , Viega, J. F. , & Dino, R. N. (2008). The impact of professional isolation on teleworker job performance and turnover intentions: Does time spent teleworking, interacting face-to-face, or having access to communication-enhancing technology matter? Journal of Applied Psychology, 93(6), 14121421.

Goldhill (2013) Goldhill, O. (2013). Google wins final approval for huge British HQ. The Telegraph. Retrieved from

González-Ramos & Martín-Palomino (2015) González-Ramos, A. M. , & Martín-Palomino, E. T. (2015). Addressing women’s agency on international mobility. Women’s International Studies Forum. doi:10.1016/j.wsif.2014.12.004

Google Cloud Platform (2016) Google Cloud Platform . (2016). Seriously powerful data & analytics services: Data fuels amazing applications, and helps businesses compete. Google Cloud Platform. Retrieved from Accessed on December 15, 2016.

Greene (2017) Greene, A. (2017). Centrelink staff to receive ‘customer aggression’ training amid debt recovery backlash. ABC News, January 3. Retrieved from

Greenhaus & Beutell (1985) Greenhaus, J. H. , & Beutell, N. J. (1985). Conflict between work and family roles. The Academy of Management Review, 10(1), 7688.

Groot (2006) Groot, L. (2006). Reasons for launching a basic income experiment. Basic Income Studies, 1(2), 17.

Güsewell & Ruch (2012) Güsewell, A. , & Ruch, W. (2012). Are there multiple channels through which we connect with beauty and excellence? The Journal of Positive Psychology, 7, 516529.

Hall (2017) Hall, B. (2017). What should you do if you get a Centrelink debt letter? The Sydney Morning Herald, January 4. Retrieved from

Halzack (2016) Halzack, S. (2016). Just walk out: Amazon’s physical grocery store has no checkouts. The Sydney Morning Herald, December 5. Retrieved from

Hamilton (2016) Hamilton, A. (2016). Work life and prosperity in a digital age. i-Human. Retrieved from Accessed on December 21, 2016.

Hardy (2016) Hardy, E. (2016). Driverless trucks threaten jobs in “Trumpland”. ABC News, December 21. Retrieved from

Harrington & Ruppel (1999) Harrington, S. J. , & Ruppel, C. P. (1999). Telecommuting: A test of trust, competing values, and relative advantage. IEEE Transactions on Professional Communication, 42, 223239.

Hedge (1982) Hedge, A. (1982). The open-plan office: A systematic investigation of employee reactions to their work environment. Environment and Behavior, 14, 519542.

Heilbrunn, Abu-Asbeh, & Nasra (2014) Heilbrunn, S. , Abu-Asbeh, K. , & Nasra, M. A. (2014). Difficulties facing women entrepreneurs in Israel: A social stratification approach. International Journal of Gender and Entrepreneurship, 6(2), 142162.

Hellman (2008) Hellman, J. (2008). Virtual adjacency and the meaning of ‘place’. COMMLAW Conspectus, 16(2), 335347.

Hicks & Devaraj (2015) Hicks, M. J. , & Devaraj, S. (2015). The myth and the reality of manufacturing in America. Muncie, IN: Center for Business and Economic Research, Ball State University.

Hilbrecht & Lero (2013) Hilbrecht, M. , & Lero, D. S. (2013). Self-employment and family life: Constructing work–life balance when you’re ‘always on’. Community, Work and Family, 17(1), 2042.

Hoegl & Gemuenden (2001) Hoegl, M. , & Gemuenden, H. G. (2001). Teamwork quality and the success of innovative projects: A theoretical concept and empirical evidence. Organization Science, 12(4), 435449.

Hof (2006) Hof, R. D. (2006). Jeff Bezos’ risky bet. Bloomberg Business Week Magazine. Retrieved from

Hossain & Wigand (2004) Hossain, L. , & Wigand, R. T. (2004). ICT enabled virtual collaboration through trust. Journal of Computer-Mediated Communication, 10. doi:10.1111/j.1083-6101.2004.tb00233.x.

Howarth (2013) Howarth, B. (2013). Big data is watching. Human Resources Media. Retrieved from

Howe (2006) Howe, J. (2006). The rise of crowdsourcing. Wired Magazine, 14(6), 14.

Hussain, Sultan, & Ilyas (2011) Hussain, M. F. , Sultan, J. , & Ilyas, S. (2011). Entrepreneurship and economic growth. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 2(12), 745751.

Hyde (2003) Hyde, A. (2003). Working in Silicon Valley: Economic and legal analysis of a high velocity labor market. New York, NY: Armonk.

Hyde, McBride, Young, & Walshe (2005) Hyde, P. , McBride, A. , Young, R. , & Walshe, K. (2005). Role redesign: New ways of working in the NHS. Personnel Review, 34(6), 697712.

Hyytinena & Toivanena (2005) Hyytinena, A. , & Toivanena, O. (2005). Do financial constraints hold back innovation and growth? Evidence on the role of public policy. Research Policy, 34(9), 13851403.

IBM (2016) IBM . (2016). What is big data? IBM: Bringing big data to the enterprise. Retrieved from Accessed on November 22, 2016.

IDC (International Data Corporation) (2013) IDC (International Data Corporation) . (2013). IDC forecasts worldwide public IT cloud services spending to reach nearly $108 billion by 2017 as focus shifts from savings to innovation. International Data Corporation. Retrieved from

IDG Enterprise (2016) IDG Enterprise . (2016). 2016 IDG Enterprise Cloud Computing Survey. IDG Enterprise. Retrieved from Accessed on January 24, 2017.

ILO & OECD (2015) ILO & OECD . (2015). The labour share in G20 economies. Report prepared for the G20 Employment Working Group. Antalya, Turkey: International Labour Organization & Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.

InfoDev (2017) InfoDev . (2017). About InfoDev: An initiative of the World Bank Group’s Innovation and Entrepreneurship unit. Retrieved from http://www.infodev.or/about. Accessedon January 23, 2017.

Ituma (2009) Ituma, A. (2009). The ‘boundaryless’ career and career boundaries: Applying an institutionalist perspective to ICT workers in the context of Nigeria. Human Relations, 62(5), 727761.

Ituma & Simpson (2010) Ituma, A. , & Simpson, R. (2010). The “boundaryless” career and career boundaries: Applying an institutionalist perspective to ICT workers in the context of Nigeria. Human Relations, 62(5), 727761.

Iversen, Jorgensen, & Malchow-Moller (2008) Iversen, J. , Jorgensen, R. , & Malchow-Moller, N. (2008). Defining entrepreneurship. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 4(1), 157.

Jaeger, Lin, & Grimes (2008) Jaeger, P. T. , Lin, J. , & Grimes, J. M. (2008). Cloud computing and information policy: Computing in a policy cloud? Journal of Information Technology and Politics, 5(3), 269283.

Jaros (2001) Jaros, S. J. (2001). Labor process theory: A commentary on the debate. International Studies of Management and Organisation, 30, 2539.

Jaros (2006) Jaros, S. J. (2006). Skill dynamics, global capitalism, and labour process theories of work. Tamara Journal of Critical Organisation Inquiry, 5(1-2), 516.

Jeffery (2015) Jeffery, T. P. (2015). 7,231,000 lost jobs: Manufacturing employment down 37% from 1979 peak. CNS News. Retrieved from

Jennings & Brush (2013) Jennings, J. , & Brush, C. (2013). Research on women entrepreneurs: Challenges to (and from) the broader entrepreneurship literature? Academy of Management Annals, 7(1), 663715.

Jericho (2016) Jericho, G. (2016). It’s time to focus on the redistribution of wealth to poorer workers. The Guardian, November 29. Retrieved from

Johanson & Vahlne (2009) Johanson, J. , & Vahlne, J.-E. (2009). The Uppsala internationalization process model revisited: From liability of foreignness to liability of outsidership. Journal of International Business, 40, 14111431.

Johnson (2016) Johnson, H. (2016). Fast food workers are becoming obsolete. Business Insider. Retrieved from

Jones (2010) Jones, D. (2010). Data center, virtual environments, and the Cloud. RealTime Publishers. Retrieved from

Jones & Jones (2013) Jones, S. L. (2013). The Third Wave: Micro-globalism and the coming employment crisis in Australia. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform.

Junquera (2011) Junquera, B. (2011). Where does female entrepreneurial human capital come from? A review of the literature. Innovation: Management, Policy and Practice, 13, 391411.

Kaganer, Carmel, Hirscheim, & Olsen (2012) Kaganer, E. , Carmel, E. , Hirscheim, R. , & Olsen, T. (2012). Managing the human cloud. MIT Sloan Management Review, 54(2), 2332.

Karmokar (2016) Karmokar, S. (2016). Managing super diverse women entrepreneurs in Aotearoa New Zealand. Proceedings of the 11th European Conference on Innovation and Entrepreneurship (pp. 365–370). Jyväskylä, Finland: The JAMK University of Applied Science. Retrieved from

Katz (1997) Katz, H. C. (Ed.) (1997). Telecommunications: Restructuring work and employment relations world-wide. Ithaca, NY: ILR Press.

Kesting & Jaeger (2013) Kesting, S. , & Jaeger, S. (2013). Female entrepreneurship. In D. Uzundis (Ed.), Encyclopedia of creativity, innovation and entrepreneurship (pp. 717724). Heidelberg: Springer Verlag.

Kim, Candido, Thomas, & de Dear (2016) Kim, J. , Candido, C. , Thomas, L. , & de Dear, R. (2016). Desk ownership in the workplace: The effect of non-territorial working on employee workplace satisfaction, perceived productivity and health. Building and Environment, 103, 203214.

Kim & de Dear (2013) Kim, J. , & de Dear, R. (2013). Workspace satisfaction: The privacy-communication trade-off in open-plan offices. Journal of Environmental Psychology, 36, 1826.

Kingma (2016) Kingma, S. F. (2016). The constitution of ‘third workspaces’ in between the home and the corporate office. New Technology, Work and Employment, 31(2), 176193.

Kjaerulff (2010) Kjaerulff, J. (2010). Internet and change. Arhus: Intervention Press.

Klein (2016) Klein, E. (2016). Universal basic income. Arena Magazine, 142(Jun/Jul), 68.

Knaus (2016) Knaus, C. (2016). Centrelink debt notices based on ‘idiotic faith in big data, IT expert says’. The Guardian, December 30. Retrieved from

Knaus (2017) Knaus, C. (2017). Centrelink’s debt recovery risks would have been known at senior levels – ex-official. The Guardian, January 5. Retrieved from

Knight & Baer (2014) Knight, A. P. , & Baer, M. (2014). Get up, stand up: The effects of a non-sedentary workspace on information elaboration and group performance. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 5, 910917.

Knight & Cavusgil (2004) Knight, G. A. , & Cavusgil, S. T. (2004). Innovation, organisational capabilities, and the born-global firm. Journal of International Business Studies, 35, 124141.

Kodama (2012) Kodama, M. (2012). Competing through ICT capability: Innovation in image communication. Basingstoke, Hampshire; New York, NY: Palgrave Macmillan. Retrieved from

Koebler (2014) Koebler, J. (2014). Outsourced jobs are no longer cheap, so they’re being automated. Motherboard. Retrieved from

Koenig (2012) Koenig, M. E. D. (2012). What is KM? Knowledge management explained. KMWorld. Retrieved from…/What-is-KM-Knowledge-Management-Explained-82405.aspx

Kofman & Raghuram (2006a) Kofman, E. , &. Raghuram, P. (2006a). Gender and global labour migrations: Incorporating skilled workers. Antipode, 38(2), 282303.

Koku (2015) Koku, P. S. (2015). A view from the street: An exploratory study of consumer attitudes toward offshoring of professional services in the United States. Journal of Services Marketing, 29(2), 150159.

Kondo, Javadi, Malecot, Cappello, & Anderson (2009) Kondo, D. , Javadi, B. , Malecot, P. , Cappello, F. , & Anderson, D. P. (2009). Cost–benefit analysis of cloud computing versus desktop grids. 15th IEEE International Symposium on Parallel & Distributed Processing, Shenzhen, China: ICPADS. doi: 10.1109/IPDPS.2009.5160911.

Korac-Kakabadse, Kouzmin, & Korac-Kakabadse (2001) Korac-Kakabadse, N. , Kouzmin, A. , & Korac-Kakabadse, A. (2001). Emerging impacts of on-line over-connectivity. Global Co-Operation in the New Millennium: The 9th European Conference on Information Systems. Bled, Slovenia.

Kossek, Lautsch, & Eaton (2006) Kossek, E. E. , Lautsch, B. A. , & Eaton, S. C. (2006). Telecommuting, control and boundary management: Correlates of policy use and practice, job control, and work–family effectiveness. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 68, 347367.

Kotabe, Mol, Murray, & Parente (2012) Kotabe, M. , Mol, M. J. , Murray, J. Y. , & Parente, R. (2012). Outsourcing and its implications for market success: Negative curvilinearity, firm resources, and competition. Journal of the Academy of Academic Science, 40, 329346. doi:10.1007/s11747-011-0276-z.

Kotlarsky (2010) Kotlarsky, J. (2010). New opportunities in global outsourcing. International Trade Forum, 2, 2829.

KPMG (2016) KPMG . (2016). She’s price(d)less: The economics of the gender pay gap. Update report prepared for the Diversity Council of Australia and the Workplace Gender Equality Agency (WGEA). Retrieved from

Kuek, Paradi-Guilford, Fayomi, Imaizumi, & Ipeirotis (2015) Kuek, S. C. , Paradi-Guilford, C. , Fayomi, T. , Imaizumi, S. , & Ipeirotis, P. (2015). The global opportunity in online outsourcing. Washington, DC: The World Bank.

Kuruvilla & Noronha (2016) Kuruvilla, S. , & Noronha, E. (2016). From pyramids to diamonds: Legal process offshoring, employment systems and labor markets for lawyers in the United States and India. ILR Review, 69(2), 354377.

Lahiri & Kedia (2011) Lahiri, S. , & Kedia, B. L. (2011). Co-evolution of institutional and organizational factors in explaining offshore outsourcing. International Business Review, 20, 252263.

Land, Otto, Böhm, & Johansson (2012) Land, C. , Otto, B. , Böhm, S. , & Johansson, M. (2012). Creative community or co-mutiny? Practices, positions and political potentials in coworking spaces. Proceedings of the 6th Art of Management and Organization Conference 2012: Creativity & Critique (pp. 47–48). York: University of York.

Landis & Blacharski (2013) Landis, C. , & Blacharski, D. (2013). Cloud computing made easy. Retrieved from

Leclercq-Vandelannoitte & Isaac (2016) Leclercq-Vandelannoitte, A. , & Isaac, H. (2016). The new office: How coworking changes the work concept. Journal of Business Strategy, 37(6), 39.

Lee, Kusbit, Metsky, & Dabbish (2015) Lee, M. K. , Kusbit, D. , Metsky, E. , & Dabbish, L. (2015). Working with machines: The impact of algorithmic and data-driven management on human workers. Proceedings of the 33rd Annual ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (pp. 1603–1612). Seoul, Republic of Korea. doi:10.1145/2702123.2702548.

Lefebvre (1991) Lefebvre, H. (1991). The production of space (Vol. 142). Oxford: Blackwell.

LEGO (2016) LEGO . (2016). LEGO® ideas guidelines and house rules. LEGO IDEAS. Retrieved from Accessed on October 30, 2016.

Leigh (2012) Leigh, R. (2012). Great case study: McDonald’s crowdsourcing PR campaign delivers tasty financial results. Prexamples. Retrieved from

Lewin & Volberda (2011) Lewin, A. Y. , & Volberda, H. W. (2011). Co-evolution of global sourcing: The need to understand the underlying mechanisms of firm-decisions to offshore. International Business Review, 20, 241251.

Liddiard (2016) Liddiard, M. (2016). Could the idea of a universal basic income work in Australia? The Conversation. Retrieved from

Liegl (2014) Liegl, M. (2014). Nomadicy and the care of place – On the aesthetic and attractive organization of space in freelance creative work. Computer Supported Cooperative Work, 23(2), 163183.

Liversage (2009) Liversage, A. (2009). Vital conjunctures, shifting horizons: High-skilled female immigrants looking for work. Work, Employment and Society, 23(1), 120141.

Lobel (2016) Lobel, O. (2016). The law of the platform. Legal Studies Research Paper Series No. 16-212, University of San Diego Law School.

Lumpkin & Dess (1996) Lumpkin, G. , & Dess, G. (1996). Clarifying the entrepreneurial orientation construct and linking it to performance. Academy of Management Review, 21(1), 135172.

MacEwen, MacDonald, & Burr (2015) MacEwen, B. T. , MacDonald, D. J. , & Burr, J. F. (2015). A systematic review of standing and treadmill desks in the workplace. Preventive Medicine, 70, 5058.

Martin & MacDonnell (2012) Martin, H. B. , & MacDonnell, R. (2012). Is telework effective for organizations? A meta-analysis of empirical research on perceptions of telework and organizational outcomes. Management Research Review, 35(7), 602616.

Martin (2016) Martin, P. (2016). The case for a universal basic income, no questions asked. Sydney Morning Herald, November 19. Retrieved from

Maruyama & Tietze (2012) Maruyama, T. , & Tietze, S. (2012). From anxiety to assurance: Concerns and outcomes of telework. Personnel Review, 41(4), 450469.

Mason (2015) Mason, P. (2015). PostCapitalism: A guide to our future. London: Penguin.

MBO Partners (2016) MBO Partners . (2016). About MBO Partners. Retrieved from Accessed onNovember 2, 2016.

McAfee & Brynjolfsson (2012) McAfee, A. , & Brynjolfsson, E. (2012). Harvard Business Review, October 2012 [Online]. Retrieved from

McCoy (2005) McCoy, J. M. (2005). Linking the physical work environment to creative context. The Journal of Creative Behavior, 39, 167189.

McCoy & Evans (2002) McCoy, J. M. , & Evans, G. W. (2002). The potential role of the physical environment in fostering creativity. Creativity Research Journal, 14(3–4), 409426.

McFarland (2016) McFarland, K. (2016). Finland: Basic income experiment authorized by parliament. BIEN. Retrieved from

McFarland (2017) McFarland, K. (2017). Switzerland: World Economic Forum founder considers basic income “basically plausible”. BIEN: Basic Income Earth Network. Retrieved from

McKinsey Global Institute (2015) McKinsey Global Institute . (2015). How advancing women’s equality can add $12 trillion to global growth. Retrieved from

McLeish (2016) McLeish, K. (2016). Consumer watchdog’s legal action over website reviews welcomed by consumer advocates. ABC News, November 25. Retrieved from

Meares (2010) Meares, C. (2010). A fine balance: Women, work and skilled migration. Women’s Studies International Forum, 33, 473481.

Melissaratos & Slabbert (2010) Melissaratos, A. , & Slabbert, N. J. (2010). Innovation, the key to prosperity: Technology & America’s role in the 21st century global economy. Montagu House Publishing.

Merat & Bo (2013) Merat, A. , & Bo, D. (2013). Strategic analysis of knowledge firms: The links between knowledge management and leadership. Journal of Knowledge Management, 17(1), 315.

Metcalfe (2015) Metcalfe, J. (2015). London builds a co-working space in a tree. Retrieved from

Metts & Kelli (2011) Metts, T. , & Kelli, A. (2011). Are hi-tech “born-globals” really born global? Management of Organizations: Systematic Research, 59, 8194.

Misra & Mondal (2010) Misra, S. C. , & Mondal, A. (2010). Identification of a company’s suitability for the adoption of Cloud computing and modelling its corresponding return on investment. Mathematical and Computer Modelling, 53, 504521.

Monbiot (2016) Monbiot, G. (2016). Trump’s climate denial is just one of the forces that point towards war. The Guardian, November 23. Retrieved from

Moriset (2013) Moriset, B. (2013). Building new places of the creative economy. The rise of coworking spaces. Retrieved from

Morrow, McElroy, & Scheibe (2012) Morrow, P. C. , McElroy, J. C. , & Scheibe, K. P. (2012). Influencing organizational commitment through office redesign. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 81, 99111.

Mortensen, Doherty, & Robinson (2015) Mortensen, M. J. , Doherty, N. F. , & Robinson, S. (2015). Operational research from Taylorism to Terabytes: A research agenda for the analytics age. European Journal of Operational Research, 241(3), 583595.

Mosbergen (2016) Mosbergen, M. (2016). French legislation suggests employees deserve the right to disconnect. The Huffington Post, May 25. Retrieved from

Mudge (2010) Mudge, C. (2010). Cloud computing: Opportunities and challenges for Australia. Melbourne: Australian Academy of Technological Sciences and Engineering.

Muir et al. (2016) Muir, P. , Li, S. , Lou, S. , Wang, D. , Spakowicz, D. J. , Salichos, L. , … Gerstein, M. (2016). The real cost of sequencing: Scaling computation to keep pace with data generation. Genome Biology, 17(53), 19. doi:10.1186/s13059-016-0917-0

Munkejord (2015) Munkejord, M. C. (2015). Local and transnational female immigrant entrepreneurs in peripheral rural contexts: Perspectives on Russians in Finnmark, Norway. European Urban and Regional Studies, 9, 114.

Nam (2014) Nam, T. (2014). Technology use and work–life balance. Applied Research in Quality of Life, 9(4), 10171040.

Nandakumar (2013) Nandakumar, I. (2013). What is hurting Philippines’ BPO industry outsourcing. The Times of India, January 1. Retrieved from

Nieuwenhuis, Knight, Postmes, & Haslam (2014) Nieuwenhuis, M. , Knight, C. , Postmes, T. , & Haslam, S. A. (2014). The relative benefits of green versus lean office space: Three field experiments. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 20(3), 199.

Nisen (2012) Nisen, M. (2012). 15 of the hottest crowdfunding sites out there. Business Insider. Retrieved from

Nissen (2002) Nissen, M. E. (2002). An extended model of knowledge-flow dynamics. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 8, 251266.

Nonaka (1994) Nonaka, I. (1994). A dynamic theory of organizational knowledge creation. Organization Science, 5, 1437.

Nonaka & Takuchi (1995) Nonaka, I. , & Takuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge-creating company: How Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

O’Connor (2015) O’Connor, S. (2015). The human cloud: A new world of work. Financial Times. Retrieved from

O’Dwyer & Colic-Peisker (2016) O’Dwyer, M. , & Colic-Peisker, V. (2016). Facilitating the professional transition of migrants in Australia: Does gender matter? Australian Journal of Social Issues, 51(1), 4766.

O’Neil (2016) O’Neil, C. (2016). Weapons of math destruction: How big data increases inequality and threatens democracy. New York, NY: Crown.

Obal (2009) Obal, L. (2009). Microsourcing – using information technology to create unexpected work relationships and entrepreneurial opportunities. Communications of the Association for Information Systems, 24(11), 161174.

OECD (2012) OECD . (2012). Gender Publications – Closing the Gender Gap: Act Now. Retrieved from

OECD (2015a) OECD . (2015a). Data driven innovation: Big data for growth and well-being. Paris: OECD Publishing. Retrieved from

OECD (2015b) OECD . (2015b). Why technology matters for advancing women’s financial inclusion. Retrieved from

OECD (2016a) OECD . (2016a). A summary of recent data and policy developments in G7 countries. OECD Report to G7 Leaders on Women and Entrepreneurship. Retrieved from

OECD (2016b) OECD . (2016b). OECD Science, Technology and Innovation Outlook 2016. Paris: OECD Publishing. doi:10.1787/sti_in_outlook-2016-en

OECD (2016c) OECD . (2016c). Skills for a digital world. OECD policy brief on the future of work. Retrieved from

Oldenburg (1989) Oldenburg, R. (1989). The great good places: Cafes, coffee shops, community centers, beauty parlors, general stores, bars, hangouts and how they get you through the day. New York, NY: Paragon House.

Osborne (2016) Osborne, H. (2016). Uber loses right to classify UK drivers as self-employed: Landmark employment tribunal ruling states firm must also pay drivers national living wage and holiday pay with huge implications for gig economy. The Guardian, October 28. Retrieved from

Oviatt & McDougall (2005) Oviatt, B. M. , & McDougall, P. P. (2005). Defining international entrepreneurship and modelling the speed of internationalization. Entrepreneurship Theory and Practice, 29(5), 537554.

Oxford Economics (2016) Oxford Economics . (2016). When the walls come down. Retrieved from

Parasuraman & Greenhaus (1997) Parasuraman, S. , & Greenhaus, J. H. (Eds.). (1997). Integrating work and family: Challenges and choices for a changing world. Westport, CN: Praeger.

Pare, Sicotte, & Jacques (2006) Pare, G. , Sicotte, C. , & Jacques, H. (2006). The effects of creating psychological ownership on physicians. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 13(2), 197205.

Parker (2009) Parker, S. C. (2009). The economics of entrepreneurship. New York, NY: Cambridge University Press.

Parrino (2013) Parrino, L. (2013). Coworking: Assessing the role of proximity in knowledge exchange. Knowledge Management Research and Practice. doi:10.1057/kmrp.2013.47

Parrino (2015) Parrino, L. (2015). Co-working: Assessing the role of proximity in knowledge exchange. Knowledge Management Research and Practice, 13(3), 261271.

Paul (2015) Paul, I. (2015). How to reclaim your privacy in Windows 10, piece by piece. PCWorld. Retrieved from

Pedersen & Aagaard (2015) Pedersen, J. S. , & Aagaard, P. (2015). Street-level bureaucrats in the digital reform state: Deadlocked conflict or challenging dialogue? A Danish case. International Conference on Public Policy (ICPP), Milano, Italy.

Pereira (2012) Pereira, S. (2012). Immigrant workers’ (im)mobilities and their re-emigration strategies. Employee Relations, 34(6), 642657.

PERF (Police Executive Research Forum) (2014) PERF (Police Executive Research Forum) . (2014). Future Trends in Policing. Washington, DC: Office of Community Oriented Policing Services.

Perkio (2015) Perkio, L. (2015). The future of work: Machine learning and employment. Oxford Martin Programme on Technology and Employment, Oxford University. Retrieved from

Peters, den Dulk, & de Ruijter (2010) Peters, P. , den Dulk, L. , & de Ruijter, J. (2010). May I work from home? Views of the employment relationship reflected in line managers’ telework attitudes in six financial-sector organizations. Equality, Diversity and Inclusion, 29(5), 517531.

Peters, Poutsma, Van der Heijden, Bakker, & Bruijn (2014) Peters, P. , Poutsma, E. , Van der Heijden, B. I. , Bakker, A. B. , & Bruijn, T. D. (2014). Enjoying new ways to work: An HRM-process approach to study flow. Human Resource Management, 53(2), 271290.

Petroff & Cornevin (2017) Petroff, A. , & Cornevin, O. (2017). France gives workers ‘right to disconnect’ from office email. CNNtech, January 2. Retrieved from

Piggott (2015) Piggott, D. (2015). Patient admission prediction: What if you knew who would walk into your hospital today, when and why? Health IQ. Retrieved from

Pio (2007) Pio, E. (2007). Ethnic entrepreneurship among Indian women in New Zealand: A bittersweet process. Gender, Work and Organization, 14(5), 409432.

Pio & Dana (2014) Pio, E. , & Dana, L.-P. (2014). An empirical study of Indian entrepreneurs in Christchurch, New Zealand. International Journal of Entrepreneurship and Small Business, 22(1), 1735.

Pocock (2003) Pocock, B. (2003). The work/life collision. Sydney: Federation Press.

Pocock (2005) Pocock, B. (2005). Work–life balance in Australia: Limited progress, dim prospects. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 43(2), 198209.

Prashantham (2013) Prashantham, S. (2013). Born global in Bangalore: Emergent pathways for international new ventures via multinational enterprise networks. AIB Insights, 13(4), 1316.

Ressia (2010) Ressia, S. (2010). Starting from scratch: Skilled dual-career migrant couples and their search for employment in Southeast Queensland. International Journal of Employment Studies, 18(1), 6388.

Ressia (2014) Ressia, S. (2014). Skilled migrant women and men seeking employment: Expectations, experiences and outcomes. Unpublished doctoral thesis. Griffith University, Australia.

Ressia & Ross (2016) Ressia, S. , & Ross, P. K. (2016). Telework and cowork. In A. Wilkinson & S. Johnstone (Eds.), The Encyclopedia of Human Resource Management. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar.

Ressia, Strachan, & Bailey (2017a) Ressia, S. , Strachan, G. , & Bailey, J. (2017a). Going up or going down? Occupational mobility outcomes of skilled migrants in Australia. Asia Pacific Journal of Human Resources, 55(1), 6485.

Ressia, Strachan, & Bailey (2017b) Ressia, S. , Strachan, G. , & Bailey, J. (2017b). Operationalizing intersectionality: An approach to uncovering the complexity of the migrant job search in Australia. Gender, Work and Organization.

Ressia, Strachan, & Bailey (in press) Ressia, S. , Strachan, G. , & Bailey, J. (in press). Gender and migration: The experiences of skilled professional women. In K. Broadbent , G. Strachan , & G. Healy (Eds.), Gender and the professions. London: Routledge.

Reve (1990) Reve, T. (1990). The firm as a nexus of internal and external contracts. In M. Aoki , B. Gustafsson , & O. E. Williamson (Eds.), The firm as a nexus of treaties (pp. 133161). London: Sage Publications.

Reynolds (2017) Reynolds, E. (2017). This is the biggest issue in Australia: Centrelink debacle gets worse. The Courier Mail, January 4. Retrieved from

Reynolds et al. (2005) Reynolds, P. D. , Bosma, N. , Autio, E. , Hunt, S. , De Bono, N. , Servais, I. , … Chin, N. (2005). Global entrepreneurship monitor: Data collection design and implementation 1998-2003. Small Business Economics, 24(3), 205231.

Roehling, Roehling, & Moen (2001) Roehling, P. V. , Roehling, M. V. , & Moen, P. (2001). The relationship between work-life policies and practices and employee loyalty: A life course perspective. Journal of Family and Economic Issues, 22(2), 141169.

Roiatti (2016) Roiatti, M. (2016). USA skills gap in manufacturing jobs: Educating workers for jobs in the new economy. @ADAPT_bulletin. Retrieved from

Rosenblat (2016) Rosenblat, A. (2016). What motivates gig economy workers. Harvard Business Review: Labor. Retrieved from

Ross (2003) Ross, P. K. (2003). Organisational and workforce restructuring in a deregulated environment: A comparative study of the Telecom Corporation of New Zealand (TCNZ) and Telstra. Unpublished doctoral thesis. Griffith University, Australia.

Ross (2009) Ross, P. K. (2009). New technology and work in the Australian telecommunications sector: What role for technicians? Labour and Industry, 20(1), 4566.

Ross (2011) Ross, P. K. (2011). How to keep your head above the clouds: Changing ICT worker skill sets in a Cloud computing environment. The Employment Relations Record, 11(1), 6274.

Ross (2015) Ross, P. K. (2015). The impact of unified collaboration technologies in the workplace. Report prepared for the Division of Information Services, Griffith University and CISCO Systems, Griffith University, Australia.

Ross (2016) Ross, P. K. (2016). Australian SME micro-offshoring opportunities in the Philippines: An expanding niche market? Discussion Paper Series No. 2016-35. Quezon City, The Philippines: Philippine Institute for Development Studies (PIDS).

Ross & Ali (2017) Ross, P. K. , & Ali, Y. (2017). Normative commitment in the ICT Sector: Why professional commitment and flexible work practices matter. International Journal of Employment Studies, 25(1), 4462.

Ross & Bamber (2009) Ross, P. K. , & Bamber, G. J. (2009). Telecommunications privatization and deregulation: From pluralist to unitarist approaches to employment relations in Australia. Industrial and Labor Relations Review, 63(1), 2441.

Ross & Blumenstein (2012) Ross, P. K. , & Blumenstein, M. (2012). Leveraging the opportunities of the Cloud: The impact of Cloud computing strategies on organisational structures, management practices and ICT worker skill sets in Queensland private and public sector organisations. Griffith University and the Queensland Department of Science, Information, Technology, Innovation and The Arts (SITIA), Australia.

Ross & Blumenstein (2013) Ross, P. K. , & Blumenstein, M. (2013). Cloud computing: The nexus of strategy and technology. Journal of Business Strategy, 34(4), 3947.

Ross & Blumenstein (2015) Ross, P. K. , & Blumenstein, M. (2015). Cloud computing as a facilitator of SME entrepreneurship. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 27(1), 87101.

Ross & Ressia (2015) Ross, P. K. , & Ressia, S. (2015). Neither office nor home: Coworking as an emerging workplace choice. Employment Relations Record, 15(1), 4257.

Rothausen (1994) Rothausen, T. J. (1994). Jobs satisfaction and the parent worker: The role of flexibility and rewards. Journal of Vocational Behaviour, 44, 317336.

Roza, van den Bosch, & Volberda (2011) Roza, M. , van den Bosch, F. A. J. , & Volberda, H. W. (2011). Offshoring strategy: Motives, functions, locations, and governance modes of small, medium-sized and large firms. International Business Review, 20, 314323.

Rundle (2016) Rundle, G. (2016). The automation revolution begins, with jobs mercilessly crushed beneath robotic heels. Retrieved from

Ryan & Deci (2008) Ryan, R. M. , & Deci, E. L. (2008). From ego depletion to vitality: Theory and findings concerning the facilitation of energy available to the self. Social and Personality Psychology Compass, 2(2), 702717.

Ryan & Frederick (1997) Ryan, R. M. , & Frederick, C. M. (1997). On energy, personality and health: Subjective vitality as a dynamic reflection of well-being. Journal of Personality, 65, 529565.

Ryan & Loeffler (2010) Ryan, W. M. , & Loeffler, C. M. (2010). Insights into Cloud computing. Intellectual Property and Technology Law Journal, 22(11), 2228.

Sabherwal & Becerra-Fernandez (2011) Sabherwal, R. , & Becerra-Fernandez, I. (2011). Business intelligence: Practices, technologies and management. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Sander (2016) Sander, E. (2016). The backlash against open-plan offices: Segmented space. Retrieved from

Sander, Caza, & Jordan (2014) Sander, E. , Caza, A. , & Jordan, P. (2014). Development and validation of a measure of the physical work environment. 9th Asia-Pacific Symposium on Emotions in Worklife, Brisbane, Australia.

Sandvine (2011) Sandvine . (2011). Global internet phenomena spotlight: North America fixed access. Sandvine. Retrieved from

Santens (2015) Santens, S. (2015). Self-driving trucks are going to hit us like a human-driven truck. Basic Income. Retrieved from

Saval (2014) Saval, N. (2014). Cubed: A secret history of the workplace. New York, NY: Doubleday.

Scholarious & Marks (2004) Scholarious, D. , & Marks, A. (2004). Worklife balance and the software worker. Human Resource Management Journal, 14(2), 5474.

Schoultz (2016) Schoultz, M. (2016). Lego innovation: An example of crowdsourcing design. Digital Spark Marketing. Retrieved from Accessed on October 30, 2016.

Schuermann (2014) Schuermann, M. (2014). Coworking space: A potent business model for plug ‘n play and indie workers. Berlin-Kreuzberg: epubli GmbH.

Schumpeter (1942) Schumpeter, J. A. (1942). Capitalism, socialism and democracy. New York, NY: Harper & Row.

Schumpeter (1949) Schumpeter, J. (1949). The theory of economic development. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.

Schuurman, Baccarne, De Marez, & Mechant (2012) Schuurman, D. , Baccarne, B. , De Marez, L. , & Mechant, P. (2012). Smart ideas for smart cities: Investigating crowdsourcing for generating and selecting ideas for ICT innovation in a city context. Journal of Theoretical and Applied Electronic Commerce Research, 7(3), 4962.

Selingo (2017) Selingo, J. J. (2017). Wanted: Factory workers with a degree. New York Times, January 30. Retrieved from

Shane & Venkataraman (2000) Shane, S. , & Venkataraman, S. (2000). The promise of entrepreneurship as a field of research. Academy of Management Review, 25(1), 217222.

Shaw (2016) Shaw, R. (2016). Big data: The answer to the ultimate question of life, the universe, and everything. IT Wire. Retrieved from

Shaw (2017a) Shaw, R. (2017a). In the cloud you can be anyone you want to be. ITWire. Retrieved from,-you-can-be-anyone-you-want.html

Shaw (2017b) Shaw, R. (2017b). Software as a service means constant updates. ITWire. Retrieved from

Sheffield (2016) Sheffield, H. (2016). Universal basic income not as important as targeting needy, Joseph Stiglitz says. The Independent, March 3. Retrieved from

Shin, Sheng, & Higa (2000) Shin, B. , Sheng, O. R. , & Higa, K. (2000). Telework: Existing research and future directions. Journal of Organizational Computing and Electronic Commerce, 10(2), 85101.

SINTEF (2013) SINTEF . (2013). Big data, for better or worse: 90% of world’s data generated over last two years. Science Daily. Retrieved from

Solon (2016) Solon, O. (2016). Self-driving trucks: What’s the future for America’s 3.5 million truckers? The Guardian, June 17. Retrieved from

Spiezia (2016) Spiezia, V. (2016). Jobs and skills in the digital economy. OECD Observer. Retrieved from

Spinuzzi (2012) Spinuzzi, C. (2012). Working alone together: Coworking as emergent collaborative activity. Journal of Business and Technical Communication, 26(4), 399441.

Spreitzer, Bacevice, & Garratt (2015) Spreitzer, G. , Bacevice, P. , & Garratt, L. (2015). Why people thrive in co-working spaces. Retrieved from

Spreitzer & Porath (2013) Spreitzer, G. , & Porath, C. (2013). Self-determination as nutriment for thriving: Building an integrative model of human growth at work. Oxford handbook of work engagement, Motivation, and self-determination theory (pp. 245258). New York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Standing (2011) Standing, G. (2011). The precariat: The new dangerous class. London: Bloomsbury.

Steffen, Stuetzer, Davidsson, & James (2012) Steffen, P. , Stuetzer, M. , Davidsson, P. , & James, N. (2012). Global entrepreneurship monitor national entrepreneurial assessment for Australia. Brisbane: Australian Centre for Entrepreneurship Research.

Stern-Peltz & Armitage (2013) Stern-Peltz, M. , & Armitage, J. (2013). IT firms lose billions after NSA scandal exposed by whistleblower Edward Snowden. The Independent. Retrieved from

Stiglitz (2013) Stiglitz, J. (2013). The price of inequality. New York, NY: W.W. Norton & Company.

Strachan (2004) Strachan, G. (2004). Women’s work is never done: The intersection of work and family. Nathan: Griffith University.

Stumpf (2013) Stumpf, C. (2013). Creativity & space: The power of Ba in coworking spaces. Unpublished Masters thesis. Department of Corporate Management & Economics, Zeppelin Universitat, Germany.

Sultan & Ilyas (2011) Sultan, J. , & Ilyas, S. (2011). Entrepreneurship and economic growth. Interdisciplinary Journal of Contemporary Research in Business, 2(12), 745751.

Sultan & van de Bunt-Kokhuis (2012) Sultan, N. , & van de Bunt-Kokhuis, S. (2012). Organisational culture and Cloud computing: Coping with a disruptive innovation. Technology Analysis and Strategic Management, 24(2), 167179.

Sundararajan (2015) Sundararajan, A. (2015). The “gig economy” is coming. What will it mean for work? The Guardian: Business Opinion, July 26. Retrieved from

Sundstrom, Bell, Busby, & Asmus (1996) Sundstrom, E. , Bell, P. A. , Busby, P. L. , & Asmus, C. (1996). Environmental psychology 1989–1994. Annual Review of Psychology, 47, 485512.

Sundstrom, Burt, & Kamp (1980) Sundstrom, E. , Burt, R. E. , & Kamp, D. (1980). Privacy at work: Architectural correlates of job satisfaction and job performance. Academy of Management Journal, 23(1), 101117.

Sundstrom, Town, Rice, Osborn, & Brill (1994) Sundstrom, E. , Town, J. P. , Rice, R. W. , Osborn, D. P. , & Brill, M. (1994). Office noise, satisfaction, and performance. Environment and Behavior, 26(2), 195222.

Svendsen (2016) Svendsen, L. (2016). Work (2nd ed.). New York, NY: Routledge.

Tannenbaum, Mathieu, Salas, & Cohen (2012) Tannenbaum, S. I. , Mathieu, J. E. , Salas, E. , & Cohen, D. (2012). Teams are changing: Are research and practice evolving fast enough? Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 5(1), 224.

TechAdvisory (2016) TechAdvisory . (2016). Tap into the benefits of the human cloud. Technology Advice for Small Businesses. Retrieved from

Tejrjesen & Lloyd (2015) Tejrjesen, S. , & Lloyd, A. (2015). The 2015 Female entrepreneurship index: An analysis of the conditions that foster high-potential female entrepreneurship. Washington, DC: The Global Entrepreneurship and Development Institute.

The Guardian (2016) The Guardian . (2016). Labour calls for closer scrutiny of tech firms and their algorithms. The Guardian: Business, December 18. Retrieved from

The Mainichi (2016) The Mainichi . (2016). Insurance firm to replace human workers with AI system. The Mainichi, December 30. Retrieved from

The We-Economy Project (2016) The We-Economy Project . (2016). Lego ideas. The we-economy project. Retrieved from Accessed on October 30, 2016.

Tholons (2016) Tholons . (2016). Tholons 2016 Top 100 outsourcing destinations rankings & executive summary. Tholons. Retrieved from Accessed on January 29, 2016.

Thybo & Ross (2013) Thybo, M. L. , & Ross, P. K. (2013). Crisis management challenges in a socially networked world: BP’s response to the Gulf of Mexico oil spill. In A. Arora (Ed.), International marketing and management research series: International business realisms. Cheltenham: Palgrave Macmillan.

Tims & Bakker (2010) Tims, M. , & Bakker, A. B. (2010). Job crafting: Towards a new model of individual job redesign. SA Journal of Industrial Psychology, 36(2), 19.

Tims, Bakker, & Derks (2013) Tims, M. , Bakker, A. B. , & Derks, D. (2013). The impact of job crafting on job demands, job resources, and well-being. Journal of Occupational Health Psychology, 18(2), 230240.

Toshiba (2014) Toshiba . (2014). Mobility and mistrust. Parramatta: Information Systems Division, Sweeney Research, Toshiba (Australia).

Treasure (2012) Treasure, J. (2012). Why architects need to use their ears. Retrieved from

Tremblay (2003) Tremblay, D.-G. (2003). New types of careers in the knowledge economy? Networks and boundaryless jobs as a career strategy in the ICT and multimedia sector. Retrieved from

Troup & Rose (2012) Troup, C. , & Rose, J. (2012). Working from home: Do formal or informal telework arrangements provide better work–family outcomes? Community, Work and Family, 15(4), 471486.

Tuomi (2002) Tuomi, I. (2002). The lives and death of Moore’s Law. First Monday, 7(11). doi:10.5210/fm.v7i11.1000. Retrieved from

Turner & Myerson (1998) Turner, G. , & Myerson, J. (1998). New workspace, new culture: Office design as a catalyst for change. Aldershot: Gower Publishing, Ltd.

Uda (2013) Uda, T. (2013). What is coworking?: A theoretical study on the concept of coworking. Hokkaido University Collection of Scholarly and Academic Papers, Discussion Paper Series A, 265, 1-15. Retrieved from

UN (United Nations) (2013) UN (United Nations) . (2013). International migration 2013: Age and sex distribution. Population Facts No. 2013/14. Retrieved from

UNCTAD (2016) UNCTAD . (2016). Robots and industrialization in developing countries. UNCTAD Policy Brief No. 50. New York, NY: United Nations.

Upwork (2015) Upwork . (2015). 2015 work predictions: Virtual is the new reality. Upwork. Retrieved from Accessed on November 8, 2016.

Urban (2013) Urban, R. (2013). Backing for app designer a dream come true. The Weekend Australian: Business, p. 21.

Valdesolo (2016) Valdesolo, P. (2016). Scientists study nomophobia – Fear of being without a mobile phone. Scientific American. Retrieved from

van den Broek (2016) van den Broek, J. (2016). Jobs in the digital era work differently. OECD Yearbook 2016. Retrieved October 14, 2016, from

van Parijs (1992) van Parijs, P. (1992). Arguing for a basic income. London: Verso.

van Praag & Versloot (2008) van Praag, M. , & Versloot, P. H. (2008). The economic benefits and costs of entrepreneurship: A review of the research. Foundations and Trends in Entrepreneurship, 4(2), 65154.

van Rijmenam (2016) van Rijmenam, M. (2016). Self-driving cars will create 2 petabytes of data, what are the big data opportunities for the car industry? Datafloq. Retrieved from

Venkatesh, Morris, Davis, & Davis (2003) Venkatesh, V. , Morris, M. G. , Davis, G. B. , & Davis, F. D. (2003). User acceptance of information technology: Toward a unified view. MIS Quarterly, 27(3), 425478.

Vischer (1989) Vischer, J. (1989). Environmental quality in offices. New York, NY: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

Vohs, Redden, & Rahinel (2013) Vohs, K. D. , Redden, J. P. , & Rahinel, R. (2013). Physical order produces healthy choices, generosity, and conventionality, whereas disorder produces creativity. Psychological Science, 24(9), 18601867.

Waber, Magnolfi, & Lindsay (2014) Waber, B. , Magnolfi, J. , & Lindsay, G. (2014). Workspaces that move people. Harvard Business Review, 92(10), 6877.

Wadhwa (2013) Wadhwa, V. (2013). Crowdsourcing is overtaking outsourcing. Wall Street Journal. Retrieved from

Wadhwa (2014) Wadhwa, V. (2014). Once you connect it’s a very different world. The Weekend Australian: Inquirer, p. 15.

Wainwright (2016) Wainwright, O. (2016). Chilean architect Alejandro Aravena wins 2016 Pritzker prize. Retrieved from

Waywood (2016) Waywood, S. (2016). The offshoring of legal services – Are Australian lawyers on board? FindLaw Australia, December 7, 2016. Retrieved from

WEF (World Economic Forum) (2012) WEF (World Economic Forum) . (2012). Rethinking personal data: Strengthening trust. Geneva: World Economic Forum.

WEF (World Economic Forum) (2016) WEF (World Economic Forum) . (2016). The future of jobs: Employment skills and workforce strategy for the Fourth Industrial Revolution. World Economic Forum. Retrieved from

Weichselbaumer (2016) Weichselbaumer, D. (2016). Discrimination against migrant job applicants in Austria: An experimental study. German Economic Review. Retrieved from

Wellman et al. (1996) Wellman, B. , Salaff, J. , Dimitrova, D. , Garton, L. , Gulia, M. , & Haythornthwaite, C. (1996). Computer networks as social networks: Collaborative work, telework, and virtual community. Annual Review of Sociology, 22, 213238.

West (2015) West, D. (2015). The systemic pathologies of university “managerialism.” The Age. Retrieved from Accessed on November 1, 2015.

WGEA (2016) WGEA . (2016). Why Australian women are still being paid less than men. Retrieved from

Wheatley (2012) Wheatley, D. (2012). Work–life balance, travel-to-work, and the dual career household. Personnel Review, 41(6), 813831.

Whitty & Carr (2006) Whitty, M. T. , & Carr, A. N. (2006). New rules in the workplace: Applying object-relations theory to explain problem internet and email behaviour in the workplace. Computers in Human Behavior, 22, 235250.

Williamson (1979) Williamson, O. E. (1979). Transaction-cost economics: The governance of contractual relations. Journal of Law and Economics, XXVI(2), 233261.

World Bank (2016a) World Bank . (2016a). Female entrepreneurship: Program guidelines and case studies. Retrieved from

World Bank (2016b) World Bank . (2016b). World Development Report 2016: Digital Dividends. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Wright (2016) Wright, M. (2016). Race-ing, classing and gendering racialized women’s participation in entrepreneurship. Gender, Work and Organization, 23(3), 310327.

Wrike (2012) Wrike . (2012). The past, present and future of remote collaboration: Where does your team stand? Wrike Team. Retrieved from

Wynarczyk & Graham (2013) Wynarczyk, P. , & Graham, J. (2013). The impact of connectivity technology on home-based business venturing: The case of women in the north east of England. Local Economy, 28(5), 451470.

Yeomans (2012) Yeomans, M. (2012). Social media #fail: How Greenpeace let Shell off the hook over Arctic drilling. The Guardian: Guardian Sustainable Business, August 3. Retrieved from

Yetim (2008) Yetim, N. (2008). Social capital in female entrepreneurship. International Sociology, 23(6), 864885.

Yun, Kettinger, & Lee (2012) Yun, H. , Kettinger, W. J. , & Lee, C. C. (2012). A new open door: The Smartphone’s impact on work to-life conflict, stress, and resistance. International Journal of Electronic Commerce, 16(4), 121151.

Zax (2013) Zax . (2013). Why Square designed its new offices to work like a city. Retrieved from

Zhang et al. (2013) Zhang, L. , Wu, C. , Li, Z. , Guo, C. , Chen, M. , & Lau, F. C. M. (2013). Moving big data to the cloud: An online cost-minimizing approach. IEEE Journal on Selected Areas in Communications, 31(12), 27102721.

Zhong & House (2012) Zhong, C. B. , & House, J. (2012). Hawthorne revisited: Organizational implications of the physical work environment. Research in Organizational Behavior, 32, 322.