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The Technology Pedagogy and Content Knowledge (TPACK) Framework and Its Implications

Matt Bower (Department of Educational Studies, Macquarie University, Sydney, Australia)

Design of Technology-Enhanced Learning

ISBN: 978-1-78714-183-4, eISBN: 978-1-78714-182-7

Publication date: 3 August 2017


This chapter introduces the Technology Pedagogy and Content Knowledge (TPACK) model as it relates to technology-enhanced learning design. The key features of the framework are unpacked, along with a brief examination of what TPACK looks like in practice. Approaches to developing TPACK capacity are considered, with learning-by-design emerging as the most promising technique. Issues relating to TPACK are also critically discussed, including those relating to measurement and the capacity of the framework to support educational design practice.


Bower, M. (2017), "The Technology Pedagogy and Content Knowledge (TPACK) Framework and Its Implications", Design of Technology-Enhanced Learning, Emerald Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 17-33.



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