Index

Dr. Bharati Mohapatra (School of Planning and Architecture, Vijayawada, India)

Community Management of Urban Open Spaces in Developing Economies

ISBN: 978-1-78560-639-7, eISBN: 978-1-78560-638-0

Publication date: 3 December 2016

This content is currently only available as a PDF

Citation

Mohapatra, B. (2016), "Index", Community Management of Urban Open Spaces in Developing Economies, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Bingley, pp. 247-256. https://doi.org/10.1108/978-1-78560-639-720151010

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2016 Emerald Group Publishing Limited


INDEX

Action plan
, 197

Age

and place attachment
, 128

and place management
, 130–131

and place quality
, 126, 127

and place use
, 123, 124

Ahmedabad Municipal Corporation (AMC)
, 30

Ahmedabad Urban Development Authority (AUDA)
, 30

Bangalore

Bangalore Agenda Task Force (BATF)
, 30–31

Master Plan-2015
, 13

Open Space in
, 13

Baramunda

neighborhood Open Space

place attachment
, 157, 158, 162

place management
, 157, 158, 163

place quality
, 157, 158

place use
, 157, 158

neighborhood Parks

level of participation
, 118, 119, 120

place attachment
, 97, 98, 116–117, 118

place management
, 98, 99, 113–114, 116–117, 118

place quality
, 97, 98

place use
, 97, 98, 113–114

operational plans
, 199

physical inventory of
, 229

socioeconomic characteristics
, 88, 155

spatial characteristics of
, 84–85, 86, 87, 88, 155, 233

BBC Radio 4
, 23

“Bhagidari” scheme
, 30

Bhubaneswar

basic city planning units
, 53–55

Bhubaneswar Development Authority (BDA)
, 39, 44, 52, 53, 58–61, 69, 77, 79, 81–84, 86, 155, 195, 218, 221

Bhubaneswar Development Planning Area (BDPA)
, 37, 51, 52, 55–61, 63, 218, 219, 221

Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation (BMC)
, 44, 53, 58, 59, 61, 65, 69, 70, 77, 79, 180, 195, 203

green areas, use of
, 62

growth pattern of
, 51

institutional arrangements
, 53

land ownership
, 67–69

land use

comparative analysis of
, 63–64

guidelines for
, 3

patterns
, 219

land use regulation, for Urban Open Space

CDP-1993
, 55–56, 58–61, 63, 218, 219, 221

CDP-2010
, 37, 51, 52, 57–58, 61, 63, 218

Master Plan-1968 Open Space
, 55

location of
, 50

Open Space in
, 49–70

Parks

development and management of, institutional set up for
, 69–70

guidelines for
, 61–62

use of
, 62

planning area
, 52

population and Urban Open Space
, 64–66

dense neighborhood
, 65

medium-density and low-density neighborhoods
, 65–66

moderately dense neighborhood
, 65

profile of
, 49–62

spatial and socioeconomic characteristics
, 49–53

status, of Urban Open Space
, 58–61

as tier II city
, 7

Chennai

Master Plan-2011
, 13

Open Space in
, 13

Structural Plan for MMA 1980
, 13

Citizen interface management practice, cases of
, 30–31

Commission for Architecture and the Built Environment (CABE)
, 23

Community-Based Land Management (CBM)
, 26, 27, 33

Community-Based Organisation (CBO)
, 30

Community participation, in city environment improvement
, 29–30

Comprehensive Development Plan-1993 (CDP-1993)
, 55–56, 58–61, 63, 218, 219, 221

Comprehensive Development Plan-2010 (CDP-2010)
, 37, 51, 52, 57–58, 61, 63, 218

Data collection
, 44–45

Delhi

“Bhagidari” scheme
, 30

Master Plan-2021
, 13

Open Space in
, 13

Design plan
, 192–197

Duration of stay

and place attachment
, 129, 130

and place management
, 131, 133

and place quality
, 127–128

and place use
, 124, 125

Educational background

and place attachment
, 128–129

and place management
, 131, 132

and place quality
, 126, 127

and place use
, 124–125

Environmental activity
, 138, 143–144

Environmental behavior
, 24–25

Exploratory factor analysis
, 45–46, 71–76

Gender

and place attachment
, 128, 129

and place management
, 131–132

and place quality
, 126, 127

and place use
, 124

Green space

definition of
, 205

natural
, 205–206

Greenwich project
, 15

Income

and place attachment
, 129, 130

and place management
, 131, 132

and place quality
, 126–127

and place use
, 124, 125

Institutional arrangements
, 53

Institutional reforms
, 201–202

Interview schedule
, 210

IRC Village

neighborhood Open Space

place attachment
, 156, 158, 161, 162

place management
, 156, 158, 163

place quality
, 156, 158, 161

place use
, 156, 158

neighborhood Parks

level of participation
, 118, 119, 120, 158

place attachment
, 94, 95, 116, 118, 158

place management
, 94, 95, 112, 113, 114, 116, 118, 158

place quality
, 94, 95, 158

place use
, 94, 95, 112, 113, 114, 158

operational plans
, 199

physical inventory of
, 229

socioeconomic characteristics
, 87–88, 155

spatial characteristics of
, 80–83, 155, 232

Jawaharlal Nehru National Urban Renewal Mission (JNURM)
, 30

Knowledge, place-based
, 28

Land ownership
, 67–69

Land use

comparative analysis of
, 63–64

guidelines for
, 3

pattern

in BDA panning area
, 218

in Bhubaneswar city
, 219

regulation, for Urban Open Space

CDP-1993
, 55–56, 58–61, 63, 218, 219, 221

CDP-2010
, 37, 51, 52, 57–58, 61, 63, 218

Master Plan-1968 Open Space
, 55

Legislative reforms
, 202–203

Level of participation
, 7, 34

Baramunda
, 118, 119, 120

IRC Village
, 118, 119, 120

Lingaraj Nagar
, 117–118, 120

measurement of
, 43

place parameters effect on
, 145–150, 176–177

in Public Open Space management
, 28–29

relationships and effects of
, 184

relationship with neighborhood Open Space
, 165–166

relationship with neighborhood Parks
, 117–119

relationship with plan attachment
, 189

relationship with plan use
, 188, 191

Sahid Nagar
, 118, 119, 120

Saileshree Vihar
, 118, 119, 120

Unit IX
, 118, 120

Lingaraj Nagar

Mula padia
, 76

neighborhood Open Space

place attachment
, 154, 156, 158, 161, 162

place management
, 154, 156, 158, 163

place quality
, 154, 156, 158, 162

place use
, 154, 156, 158

neighborhood Parks

level of participation
, 117–118, 120

place attachment
, 89, 90, 115, 118

place management
, 89, 90, 111, 112, 114, 115, 118

place quality
, 89, 90, 158

place use
, 89, 90, 111, 112, 114

operational plans
, 198

physical inventory of
, 228

socioeconomic characteristics
, 86–87, 155

spatial characteristics of
, 76–78, 155, 230

Literature review
, 9–36

Location, and spatial quality
, 17

Management issues
, 3–4

Master Plan for Open Spaces
, 3, 13

Master Plan-1968 Open Space
, 55

National Playing Fields Association Standards (NPFA)
, 11

Natural green space, definition of
, 205–206

Neighborhood(s)

case study of
, 45–47

dense
, 65

moderately
, 65

low-density
, 65–66

medium-density
, 65–66

Open Space

See neighborhood Open Space

Parks

see neighborhood Parks

selection
, 38–39

Neighborhood Open Space

Baramunda
, 156, 157

IRC Village
, 156

level of determination, place parameters effect on
, 176–177

level of participation
, 165–166

Lingaraj Nagar
, 154, 156

place attachment

and place management, association between
, 165, 176

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 171–172

place management, socioeconomic characteristics of
, 172

place parameters effect on
, 145–150, 157–160

place quality

and place attachment, association between
, 173

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 171

place use

and place attachment, association between
, 173

and place management, association between
, 164, 173

and place quality, association between
, 173

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 168–170

relationship with place attachment
, 161–163

relationship with place management
, 163–164

relationship with place quality
, 161, 162

relationship with place use
, 160–161

residents use of
, 166–168

respondents, socioeconomic characteristics of
, 166

Sahid Nagar
, 154, 156

Saileshree Vihar
, 156–157

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 153–154, 155

spatial characteristics of
, 153–154, 155

status of
, 180

Unit IX
, 154, 156

Neighborhood Parks
, 1, 3, 10

case study of
, 71–151

level of participation
, 117–119

place attachment

and place management, association between
, 114–117, 142–145

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 128–130

place management, socioeconomic characteristics of
, 130–133

place parameters

dimensional structure of
, 71–76

effect on level of participation
, 145–150

place quality

and place attachment, association between
, 139–142

and place management, association between
, 114, 142, 143

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 126–128

place use

and place attachment, association between
, 134–137

and place management, association between
, 111–114, 137–139, 140

and place quality, association between
, 133–134, 135

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 123–126

relationship with place attachment
, 99–100, 103–107, 108, 109

relationship with place management
, 99–100, 108–110, 111

relationship with place quality
, 99–100, 101–102, 105, 106, 107

relationship with place use
, 99–101, 102, 103, 104, 105

residents’ response to place parameters, descriptive statistics of
, 121–122, 123

respondents, socioeconomic characteristics of
, 120

socioeconomic characteristics
, 85–88

special characteristics
, 76–85

see also neighborhood(s); Parks

Occupation

and place attachment
, 129–130

and place management
, 131, 132

and place quality
, 126, 127

and place use
, 124, 125

Old Town Park

place quality
, 161

Open Spaces
, 1

aims of
, 6

definition of
, 205

dimensions of
, 45–46

interview schedule
, 210

land ownership and
, 67–69

limitations of
, 7

literature review
, 9–36

need of research
, 4–5

objectives of
, 6–7

Place-based Community Management of
, 4

planning, factors determining
, 11

problem statement

management issues
, 3–4

planning issues
, 2–3

Public

see Public Open Space

questionnaire
, 210–215

rationale for
, 5–6

approach
, 6

recreational
, 45

research background
, 2

research gaps in
, 32–33

research methodology
, 37–48, 207

scope of
, 7

theoretical framework for
, 33–36

Urban

see Urban Open Space

Operational plans
, 198–199

Orissa Remote Sensing Application Centre (ORSAC)
, 7, 38, 40, 44, 58–60, 66, 221

Outdoor recreation settings, attributes of
, 14–15

Over-managed space
, 10

Ownership status

and place attachment
, 129, 130

and place management
, 131, 133

and place quality
, 127, 128

and place use
, 124, 125–126

Parks
, 2, 3–4

development and management of, institutional set up for
, 69–70

guidelines for
, 61–62

improvement, and recreational activities
, 17

mini-
, 14

Neighborhood Parks
, 1, 3, 10

People–Park relationship
, 16

physical inventory of
, 228–229

Public Parks
, 1, 14

social awareness toward ecological responsibilities
, 10

spatial quality
, 17

Participative attitude
, 138–139, 144

Participatory management
, 25–26, 29

People’s recreation behavior, effect on environmental quality
, 17

People context, of Public Open Space management
, 27

People–Park relationship
, 16

Peterborough City Council

Open Space strategy, standards for
, 12

Physical Quality assessment
, 18

Place attachment
, 10–11, 20–23

Baramunda
, 97, 98, 116–117, 118

descriptive statistics of
, 121–122

development of
, 35

dimension of
, 35

identification of
, 73–74

IRC Village
, 94, 95, 158, 116

effect on level of participation
, 145–150, 189

Lingaraj Nagar
, 89, 90, 115, 118, 165

measurement of
, 42, 209

place dependence
, 22–23, 135–137, 140–142

place identity
, 21–22, 135–137, 140–142

planning and policy implications for
, 188, 189

principal component analysis of items for
, 225–226

relationships and effects of
, 183–184, 185

relationship with areas
, 189, 191

relationship with neighborhood Open Space
, 161–163

relationship with neighborhood Parks
, 99–100, 103–107, 108, 109

relationship with place management
, 32, 115–118, 142–145, 165, 176, 189, 191–192

relationship with place quality
, 31, 139–142, 173, 189, 191

relationship with place use
, 31–32, 134–137, 173, 174, 188, 190

residents
, 167

Sahid Nagar
, 92, 93, 158, 115–116, 118

Saileshree Vihar
, 96, 97, 116, 117, 118, 158

social bonding
, 23, 135–137, 140–142

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 128–130, 171–172, 189, 236

theoretical implications of
, 190, 191–192

Unit IX
, 91, 92, 115, 118, 165

Place-based Community Management, of neighborhood Open Space
, 4, 33

Place context, of Public Open Space management
, 27–28

Place dependence
, 22–23, 135–137, 140–142

Place identity
, 21–22, 135–137, 140–142

Place management
, 23–31

Baramunda
, 98, 99

citizen interface management practice, cases of
, 30–31

community participation in city environment improvement
, 29–30

descriptive statistics of
, 122, 123

development of
, 35

dimension of
, 35

identification of
, 74–75

effect on level of participation
, 145–150, 188

environmental behavior
, 24–25

IRC Village
, 94, 95, 158

Lingaraj Nagar
, 89, 90

measurement of
, 42, 209–210

participatory management
, 25–26

place quality effect on
, 114

planning and policy implications for
, 188

principal component analysis of items for
, 226–227

Public Open Space, management of
, 26–29

relationships and effects of
, 184, 186

relationship with neighborhood Open Space
, 163–164

relationship with neighborhood Parks
, 99–100, 108–110, 111

relationship with place attachment
, 32, 115–118, 142–145, 165, 176, 189, 191–192

relationship with place management
, 142, 143

relationship with place quality
, 31, 191

relationship with place use
, 111–114, 137–139, 140, 164, 173, 174, 188, 190–191

residents
, 167–168

Sahid Nagar
, 93, 94, 158

Saileshree Vihar
, 96, 97

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 130–133, 172, 236

theoretical implications of
, 190–192

Unit IX
, 91, 92

Place quality

Baramunda
, 97, 98

descriptive statistics of
, 121, 122

development of
, 35

dimension of
, 35

identification of
, 72–73

effect on level of participation
, 145–150

IRC Village
, 94, 95, 158

Lingaraj Nagar
, 89, 90

measurement of
, 41–42, 208

planning and policy implications for
, 188, 189

principal component analysis of items for
, 224–225

relationships and effects of
, 181, 183

relationship with areas
, 191

relationship with neighborhood Open Space
, 161, 162

relationship with neighborhood Parks
, 99–100, 101–102, 105, 106, 107

relationship with place attachment
, 31, 139–142, 173, 189, 191

relationship with place management
, 114, 142

relationship with place use
, 31, 133–134, 135, 173, 174, 188

residents
, 167

Sahid Nagar
, 92, 93, 158

Saileshree Vihar
, 94, 96, 97, 158

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 126–128, 171, 191, 235

theoretical implications of
, 191

Unit IX
, 89, 91, 92

Place use
, 181

Baramunda
, 97, 98, 113–114, 156, 157

descriptive statistics of
, 121

determination of
, 150

development of
, 35

dimension of
, 35

identification of
, 72, 73

effect on level of participation
, 145–150, 191

IRC Village
, 94, 95, 112, 113, 114, 156, 158, 164

Lingaraj Nagar
, 89, 90, 111, 112, 114, 154, 156, 164

measurement of
, 41, 208

planning and policy implications for
, 187–188

principal component analysis of items for
, 223–224

relationships and effects of
, 181, 182

relationship with areas
, 187, 190

relationship with neighborhood Open Space
, 160–161

relationship with neighborhood Parks
, 99–101, 102, 103, 104, 105

relationship with place attachment
, 31–32, 134–137, 173, 174, 188, 190

relationship with place management
, 111–114, 137–139, 140, 164, 173, 188, 190–191

relationship with place quality
, 31, 133–134, 135, 173, 174, 188

residents
, 166

Sahid Nagar
, 92, 93, 112, 113, 114, 154, 156, 158, 164

Saileshree Vihar
, 94, 96, 112–113, 114, 156–157, 158, 164

socioeconomic characteristics of
, 123–126, 168–170, 187, 190, 234

theoretical implications of
, 190–191

Unit IX
, 89, 91, 111–112, 114, 154, 156, 164

Planning of Open Spaces

factors determining
, 11

issues associated with
, 2–3

Playgrounds
, 2, 14

Pro-Environmental Behavior (PEB)
, 24–25

Project for Public Spaces
, 10

Public Open Space

investment in
, 14

management of
, 26–29

participatory practices
, 29

people context
, 27

place context
, 27–28

scale and degree (level) of participation
, 28–29

over-managed
, 10

under-managed
, 10

use of

activity
, 14–15

patterns of
, 15–16

place value
, 16–17

Public Parks
, 1

see also Parks

Public private partnership (PPP)
, 30–31

Questionnaire
, 210–215

Recreational Open Spaces
, 45

Research methodology
, 37–48, 207

analysis

city profile and recreational Open Spaces
, 45

neighborhoods, case study of
, 45–47

data collection
, 44–45

measurement

level of participation
, 43–44

place attachment
, 42

place management
, 42

place quality
, 41–42

place use
, 41

sample

sample selection
, 40

sample size
, 39–40

study areas
, 37–39

neighborhood selection
, 38–39

Residential Welfare Associations (RWA)
, 7, 30, 44, 70, 83, 84, 157, 158, 160, 162, 163, 181, 184, 185, 196, 198, 199

Rootedness
, 21

Sahid Nagar

neighborhood Open Space

place attachment
, 154, 156, 162

place management
, 154, 156, 163

place quality
, 154, 156, 161, 162

place use
, 154, 156

neighborhood Parks

level of participation
, 118, 119, 120

place attachment
, 92, 93, 115–116, 118, 158

place management
, 93, 94, 112, 113, 114, 115–116, 118, 158

place quality
, 92, 93, 158

place use
, 92, 93, 112, 113, 114, 158

operational plans
, 199

physical inventory of
, 228

socioeconomic characteristics
, 87, 155

spatial characteristics of
, 79–80, 81, 155, 231

Saileshree Vihar

neighborhood Open Space

place attachment
, 156–157, 162

place management
, 156–157, 163

place quality
, 156–157, 161, 162

place use
, 156–157

neighborhood Parks

level of participation
, 118, 119, 120

place attachment
, 96, 97, 116, 117, 118, 158

place management
, 96, 97, 112–113, 114, 116, 117, 118, 158

place quality
, 94, 96, 97, 158

place use
, 94, 96, 112–113, 114, 158

operational plans
, 199

physical inventory of
, 229

socioeconomic characteristics
, 88, 155

spatial characteristics of
, 83–84, 85, 155, 232–233

Self-definition
, 21

Self-identity
, 21

Sense of community
, 1, 15, 20, 23, 54

Sense of place
, 5, 6, 9, 20, 25, 28, 92, 94, 97, 151, 154, 157, 157, 162, 163, 172, 175, 181

74th Constitution Amendment Act. 1992
, 29

Six-Acre Standard
, 11

Social bonding
, 23, 135–137, 140–142

definition of
, 206

Social justice
, 2

Space

see Open Spaces; public spaces; Urban Open Space

Spatial growth
, 63–64

Spatial quality
, 17–19

location and
, 17

people’s recreation behavior, impact of
, 17

quantity versus
, 17–18

visual quality assessment
, 18–19

Strategic plan
, 192–197

Town and Country Planning Organisation (TCPO)
, 13

guidelines, for Parks
, 61

Under-managed space
, 10

United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)
, 12

Unit IX

neighborhood Open Space

place attachment
, 154, 156, 158, 161–162

place management
, 154, 156, 158, 163

place quality
, 154, 156, 158, 161, 162

place use
, 154, 156, 158

neighborhood Parks

level of participation
, 118, 120

place attachment
, 91, 92, 115, 118, 162

place management
, 91, 92, 111–112, 114, 115, 118

place quality
, 89, 91, 92

place use
, 89, 91, 111–112, 114

operational plans
, 198–199

physical inventory of
, 228

socioeconomic characteristics
, 87, 155

spatial characteristics of
, 78–79, 80, 155, 230–231

Urban Development Plan Formulation and Implementation (UDPFI)
, 13

guidelines, for Parks
, 61

Urban Local Bodies (ULB)
, 2–4, 12, 29

Urban Open Space
, 1, 2, 9, 26

definition of
, 205

guidelines for

Indian
, 12–13

international
, 11–12

land use regulation for
, 55–58

management of
, 27

Master Plan for
, 13

planning issues
, 3

population and
, 64–66

rationale for
, 5, 6

status of
, 58–61, 180

see also Open Spaces

Urban plazas
, 14

Visual quality assessment
, 18–19

Ward-wise population density and Open Space
, 220–221

Water Framework Directives (WFD)
, 28

World Health Organization (WHO)

Open Space strategy, standards for
, 12