Challenging behaviour: the causes (part II)

Stella Koritsas (Senior Research Fellow at The Centre for Developmental Disability Health Victoria, Monash University, Melbourne, Australia)
Teresa Iacono (Professor of Rural and Regional Allied Health, La Trobe Rural Health School, La Trobe University, Bendigo, Australia)

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities

ISSN: 2044-1282

Publication date: 7 September 2012

Abstract

Purpose

The aim of this paper is to provide an overview of the dominant approaches used to explain causes of challenging behaviour.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper is the second in a two‐part series. It presents the causes of challenging behaviour according to the three theoretical approaches that have dominated the literature: applied behaviour analysis; biological factors; and psychiatric disorders.

Findings

It is apparent that the causes of challenging behaviour are likely to be complex and involve multiple factors. The approaches that have dominated the literature focus on single causes and do not explore possible interactions between various causes. Given the shortcomings of existing approaches, a fourth approach, the biopsychosocial model, is proposed as an alternative model to explain the causes of challenging behaviour.

Originality/value

This paper is the most recent of only a few providing an overview of the various approaches that seek to explain the causes of challenging behaviour.

Keywords

Citation

Koritsas, S. and Iacono, T. (2012), "Challenging behaviour: the causes (part II)", Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, Vol. 6 No. 5, pp. 236-248. https://doi.org/10.1108/20441281211261122

Download as .RIS

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.