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Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a lifespan genetic perspective

Andrew Merwood (PhD Student based at MRC Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK)
Philip Asherson (Professor of Molecular Psychiatry based at MRC Social Genetic and Developmental Psychiatry, Institute of Psychiatry, King's College London, London, UK)

Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities

ISSN: 2044-1282

Article publication date: 15 July 2011

Abstract

Purpose

Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is a common disorder that is highly prevalent in children and frequently persists into adulthood. The purpose of this paper is to consider the need for practitioners to be aware of the disorder.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper reviews quantitative genetic findings in ADHD, primarily focussing on twin studies that describe the role of genetic influences throughout the lifespan and the associated overlap between ADHD and other syndromes, disorders and traits.

Findings

This paper concludes that ADHD is a lifespan condition that shares genetic risk factors with other psychiatric, neurodevelopmental disorders and intellectual disabilities.

Originality/value

This paper makes the case that clinicians working in the area of intellectual disability should be fully aware of the potential impact of ADHD and its associated impairments.

Keywords

Citation

Merwood, A. and Asherson, P. (2011), "Attention deficit hyperactivity disorder: a lifespan genetic perspective", Advances in Mental Health and Intellectual Disabilities, Vol. 5 No. 4, pp. 33-46. https://doi.org/10.1108/20441281111165599

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited