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Internal corporate governance and board performance in monitoring roles: Evidence from Malaysia

Hasnah Kamardin (College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Sintok, Malaysia)
Hasnah Haron (School of Management, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia)

Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting

ISSN: 1985-2517

Article publication date: 25 October 2011

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to examine the relationship between internal corporate governance mechanisms and board performance in monitoring roles.

Design/methodology/approach

A survey questionnaire was used to gather data on board performance, while annual reports were employed to gather data on internal corporate governance mechanisms. Data for board performance were based on 112 directors who represent the companies.

Findings

Factor analysis extracted two dimensions of monitoring roles: management oversight roles and performance evaluation roles. Non‐independent non‐executive directors and managerial ownership were found to be positively related to both dimensions of monitoring roles, while the multiple directorships of non‐executive directors were negatively related to management oversight roles.

Practical implications

The paper establishes the need for regulators to pay particular attention to multiple directorships, which are commonly practiced in public listed companies. The contribution of non‐independent non‐executive directors rather than independent directors in monitoring roles calls for further research. Regulators need to emphasize the performance evaluation roles of the board of directors (BOD), as much emphasis has been given to management oversight roles.

Originality/value

The study contributes to the literature concerning monitoring roles as it shows that management oversight roles and performance evaluation roles are differentiated. The findings provide an avenue for the contribution of non‐independent non‐executive directors and multiple directorships in monitoring roles.

Keywords

Citation

Kamardin, H. and Haron, H. (2011), "Internal corporate governance and board performance in monitoring roles: Evidence from Malaysia", Journal of Financial Reporting and Accounting, Vol. 9 No. 2, pp. 119-140. https://doi.org/10.1108/19852511111173095

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited