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What determines ABC success in mature sites?

Suzanne Byrne (Faculty of Business, University of Southern Queensland, Toowoomba, Australia)

Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change

ISSN: 1832-5912

Article publication date: 20 September 2011




The purpose of this paper is to examine ABC success determinants in mature ABC sites.


The study surveys 65 managers of service and manufacturing organizations using ABC.


The stepwise regression results indicate that top management support is the key determinant of ABC success in mature ABC sites.

Research limitations/implications

This research shows that top management support continues to be critical to ongoing ABC success. Past research has shown that top management support is critical in the early stages of ABC adoption and if withdrawn is a major cause of ABC implementation failure. Despite the technical benefits of ABC adoption the extent of change, the resource commitment and the management of conflict and power means that careful consideration of the determinants of success is crucial. Many researchers have examined this at initial implementation or have confounded their results by not distinguishing the stage of adoption. Very few have researched beyond the initial implementation to examine what factors continue to ensure ABC success once fully integrated. Other determinants examined were resource adequacy, education, performance improvement and reward link, and competition intensity.

Practical implications

Practically any ABC adoption needs to secure top management support from inception through to routinisation and integration.


The novelty of this study is in the way ABC success is measured and that the sites examined are only mature adoption sites. By examining only “mature” ABC sites the differences in the stages of implementation are not confounded in the results.



Byrne, S. (2011), "What determines ABC success in mature sites?", Journal of Accounting & Organizational Change, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 259-277.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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