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Influence of mosaic patterns on the structural integrity of filament wound composite pressure vessels

Haris Hameed Mian (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan)
Hammad Rahman (Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Engineering and Technology, Taxila, Pakistan)

International Journal of Structural Integrity

ISSN: 1757-9864

Article publication date: 30 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

Filament wound pressure vessels have a characteristic pattern observed in their helical layers. These are mosaic‐shaped patterns and affect the layer structural behavior. The present research aims to focus on the influence of mosaic patterns on stress‐strain field and structural design of thin‐walled internally pressurized filament wound pressure vessel. The widely used stress analysis procedures and the commercially available finite element tools usually neglect the effect of the mosaic patterns. The present work seeks to deal with the modeling and stress analysis of complete pressure vessel, incorporating mosaic patterns.

Design/methodology/approach

The incorporation of the mosaic effect provides more realistic modeling of the real stress distribution and the stress values compared to the conventional analyses (the effect would depend on the shell structure, i.e. number of plies, relative thicknesses, etc.). The structural analysis is performed using commercial finite element analysis (FEA) tools ANSYS.

Findings

The comparison of results of analytical solution and conventional FEA provides close values of the stresses in the plies. As for the stress and strain distributions obtained by incorporating the effect of mosaic patterns are considerably different. The distribution of the stress and strain fields are not uniform along the length of the vessel and along its circumference and the maximum stresses acting in the direction of the fibers are higher than those calculated using conventional FEA techniques.

Originality/value

Previous work was limited to composite cylindrical shells, without incorporating the end domes. The present work deals with the modeling and stress analysis of complete pressure vessel, incorporating mosaic patterns.

Keywords

Citation

Hameed Mian, H. and Rahman, H. (2011), "Influence of mosaic patterns on the structural integrity of filament wound composite pressure vessels", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 345-356. https://doi.org/10.1108/17579861111162932

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited