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Application of laser peening without coating on steel welded joints

Yoshihiro Sakino (Joining and Welding Institute, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan)
Yuji Sano (Power and Industrial Systems Research and Development Center, Toshiba Corporation, Yokohama, Japan)
You‐Chul Kim (Joining and Welding Institute, Osaka University, Osaka, Japan)

International Journal of Structural Integrity

ISSN: 1757-9864

Article publication date: 30 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

Laser peening without coating (LPwC) is an innovative surface enhancement technology for introducing compressive residual stress in metallic materials. The purpose of this study is to examine the characteristic at the laser‐peened welded zone and the fatigue lives of the welding joints.

Design/methodology/approach

LPwC conditions for 490 MPa grades of structural steels were selected. By using the conditions, the characteristic at the laser‐peened welded zone, residual stresses, hardness and roughness of welding toes were examined. Moreover, the fatigue lives of the toes of box‐welded joints and butt welded joints pre‐treated by LPwC were compared to the fatigue lives of those that were not pre‐treated by LPwC.

Findings

The main results are: LPwC conditions for 490 MPa grade steels were established; residual stresses, Vickers hardness and roughness at the laser‐peened welded zone were revealed; and LPwC can dramatically extend the fatigue life of welded joint.

Originality/value

The effects of LPwC on structural steels, which are widely used in bridge members, have not been well clarified; the effect of LPwC on welded zones in these structures is particularly unclear. If LPwC can be carried out such that compressive residual stress is imparted on structural steels and the welded zones in the bridge members, the fatigue lives of bridge members will be greatly increased. The paper fills some of these gaps.

Keywords

Citation

Sakino, Y., Sano, Y. and Kim, Y. (2011), "Application of laser peening without coating on steel welded joints", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 332-344. https://doi.org/10.1108/17579861111162923

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited