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Improvement of fatigue limit by shot peening for high‐strength steel containing a crack‐like surface defect

Koji Takahashi (Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University, Yokohama, Japan)
Toshihiko Amano (Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University, Yokohama, Japan)
Kotoji Ando (Faculty of Engineering, Yokohama National University, Yokohama, Japan)
Fumio Takahashi (NHK Spring Co. Ltd, Yokohama, Japan)

International Journal of Structural Integrity

ISSN: 1757-9864

Article publication date: 30 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The paper's aim is to investigate the effects of shot peening (SP) on the bending fatigue limit of high‐strength steel containing an artificial semi‐circular slit.

Design/methodology/approach

SP and stress SP (SSP) were conducted on the specimens containing an artificial semi‐circular slit with a depth of a=0.1, 0.2 and 0.3 mm. Then, bending fatigue tests were conducted on the specimens.

Findings

The fatigue limit was improved by SP and SSP. In the case of SP and SSP specimens, the specimens with a semi‐circular slit under a=0.2 mm fractured outside the slit, and they had considerably high fatigue limits. Therefore, a semi‐circular slit with a depth of under a=0.2 mm could be rendered harmless by SP or SSP. It was found that the fatigue limit of specimens with a semi‐circular slit that received SP or SSP was determined by the threshold condition for non‐propagation of fatigue cracks that emanated from outside the slit. Whether the semi‐circular slit is rendered harmless or not is decided by the relationship between the stress intensity factor range of semi‐circular cracks and the threshold stress intensity factor range.

Practical implications

The proposed method can be applied to mechanical parts used in vehicles, aircraft and trains.

Originality/value

There are very few examples of evaluations of fatigue limits after SP in materials containing crack‐like surface defects. This study calcifies the effect of SP on the fatigue limit having crack‐like surface defects.

Keywords

Citation

Takahashi, K., Amano, T., Ando, K. and Takahashi, F. (2011), "Improvement of fatigue limit by shot peening for high‐strength steel containing a crack‐like surface defect", International Journal of Structural Integrity, Vol. 2 No. 3, pp. 281-292. https://doi.org/10.1108/17579861111162888

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited