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Cultural, racial and ethnic competence and psychiatric diagnosis

Carl Bell (Community Mental Health Council, Chicago and Professor of Psychiatry and Public Health, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA)
Johnny Williamson (Adult and Child Psychiatrist, Community Mental Health Council, Chicago, USA)
Peter Chien (Psychiatric Resident, Department of Psychiatry, University of Illinois at Chicago, USA)

Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care

ISSN: 1757-0980

Article publication date: 1 June 2008

Abstract

The authors review the call for cultural competence in psychiatric diagnosis and highlight the barrier of ‘monocultural ethnocentrism’ ‐ the tendency to presume that European‐American standards fit all cultural, racial and ethnic groups. They suggest that clinicians should: familiarise themselves with the history of racism in psychiatry; avoid stereotyping; appreciate the diversity within cultural, racial and ethnic groups; understand that individuals from various cultural, racial and ethnic groups may have had more traumatic experiences; and understand that individuals from the US and UK may have experiences with racism, some of which may cause mental illness. Finally the authors suggest strategies to increase cultural competence.

Keywords

Citation

Bell, C., Williamson, J. and Chien, P. (2008), "Cultural, racial and ethnic competence and psychiatric diagnosis", Ethnicity and Inequalities in Health and Social Care, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 34-41. https://doi.org/10.1108/17570980200800006

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited