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Reducing data dimensionality using random projections and fuzzy k‐means clustering

Ch. Aswani Kumar (Networks and Information Security Division, School of Information Technology and Engineering, VIT University, Vellore, India)

International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics

ISSN: 1756-378X

Article publication date: 23 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to introduce a new hybrid method for reducing dimensionality of high dimensional data.

Design/methodology/approach

Literature on dimensionality reduction (DR) witnesses the research efforts that combine random projections (RP) and singular value decomposition (SVD) so as to derive the benefit of both of these methods. However, SVD is well known for its computational complexity. Clustering under the notion of concept decomposition is proved to be less computationally complex than SVD and useful for DR. The method proposed in this paper combines RP and fuzzy k‐means clustering (FKM) for reducing dimensionality of the data.

Findings

The proposed RP‐FKM is computationally less complex than SVD, RP‐SVD. On the image data, the proposed RP‐FKM has produced less amount of distortion when compared with RP. The proposed RP‐FKM provides better text retrieval results when compared with conventional RP and performs similar to RP‐SVD. For the text retrieval task, superiority of SVD over other DR methods noted here is in good agreement with the analysis reported by Moravec.

Originality/value

The hybrid method proposed in this paper, combining RP and FKM, is new. Experimental results indicate that the proposed method is useful for reducing dimensionality of high‐dimensional data such as images, text, etc.

Keywords

Citation

Aswani Kumar, C. (2011), "Reducing data dimensionality using random projections and fuzzy k‐means clustering", International Journal of Intelligent Computing and Cybernetics, Vol. 4 No. 3, pp. 353-365. https://doi.org/10.1108/17563781111160020

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited