The impact of government R&D investments on patent technology transfer activities of Chinese universities

Kai Rao (Istituto di Management, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy)
Xian‐fei Meng (Office of Scientific Research and Development, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China)
Andrea Piccaluga (Istituto di Management, Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, Pisa, Italy)

Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China

ISSN: 1756-1418

Publication date: 30 March 2012

Abstract

Purpose

Triple helix theory stresses co‐evolution and interaction among governments, enterprises and universities, and is paid great attention by governments, universities and enterprises worldwide. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role that Chinese government R&D investments play in the interaction between enterprises and universities.

Design/methodology/approach

Basing on provincial panel data of Chinese universities from 2004‐2010, the impact of government R&D investments on patent technology transfer activities of Chinese universities is studied by empirical analysis. More specifically, the paper examines the impact of both Chinese government R&D funding and national R&D programs on the number and the revenue of patent technology transfer contracts.

Findings

The study finds that the amount of government R&D funding and the number of 973 Programs in one region have significantly increased the number and the revenue of patent technology transfer contracts in that region. Moreover, the number of National S&T Pillar Programs, 863 Program and National Natural Science Foundation Program are also determinants of the number of patent technology transfer contracts.

Originality/value

This paper studies government's role in university‐enterprise patent technology transfer activities in a Chinese context. It reveals a government‐dominant position to promote patent technology transfer activities in Chinese triple helix model. It also provides a reference for decision makers in governments, industries and universities.

Keywords

Citation

Rao, K., Meng, X. and Piccaluga, A. (2012), "The impact of government R&D investments on patent technology transfer activities of Chinese universities", Journal of Knowledge-based Innovation in China, Vol. 4 No. 1, pp. 4-17. https://doi.org/10.1108/17561411211208730

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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