Pesticide use and farmers' health in China's rice production

Fangbin Qiao (China Economics and Management Academy, Central University of Finance and Economics, Beijing, China)
Jikun Huang (Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resource Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China)
Linxiu Zhang (Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy, Institute of Geographical Sciences and Natural Resource Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, China)
Scott Rozelle (Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies, Stanford University, Stanford, California, USA)

China Agricultural Economic Review

ISSN: 1756-137X

Publication date: 16 November 2012

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this study is trying to document and examine the impacts of pesticide use on farmers' health. Different from previous studies, the paper is not only going to focus on the visible effect, but also the invisible effect. At the same time, the paper is going to divided the pesticides into highly toxic and low toxic pesticides and estimate their different impacts on farmers' health, respectively.

Design/methodology/approach

This paper uses regression techniques based on a farm household survey gathered by the authors in Zhejiang provinces. In addition to a sit‐down interview with 100 households, the authors gave a comprehensive physical examination and a blood examination to farmers who applied pesticides most frequently in each household.

Findings

This paper indicates that farmers who spray more pesticides are more likely to have headache, nausea and skin problems. Beside these visible effects, this paper also finds that exposure to pesticides has significant invisible impact on farmers' neurological, liver and kidney systems.

Originality/value

This, it is believed, is one of the first comprehensive studies to give comprehensive physical examination and blood examination to farmers who applied pesticides most frequently in each household.

Keywords

Citation

Qiao, F., Huang, J., Zhang, L. and Rozelle, S. (2012), "Pesticide use and farmers' health in China's rice production", China Agricultural Economic Review, Vol. 4 No. 4, pp. 468-484. https://doi.org/10.1108/17561371211284821

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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