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Situational levels of burnout among staff in six European inpatient and community mental health teams

Robert Hill (South London and Maudsley NHS Trust, London, UK)
Peter Ryan (Middlesex University, London, UK)
Polly Hardy (Murdoch Children's Research Institute, Melbourne, Australia)
Marta Anczewska (Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Poland)
Anna Kurek (Department of Animal Breeding and Production, Warsaw Agricultural University, Warsaw)
Ian Dawson (Nordland Psychiatric Hospital Bodo, Norway)
Heli Laijarvi (University of Tampere, Finland)
Katia Nielson (Social and Psychiatry Department of Storstrøm County, Storstrøm, Denmark)
Klaus Nybourg (Psychiatry Department County of Aarhus, Aarhus, Denmark)
Iliana Rokku (University of Cambridge, UK)
Colette Turner (Middlesex University, London, UK)

The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice

ISSN: 1755-6228

Article publication date: 1 May 2006



Working in mental health services has always been recognised as a stressful occupation and many studies have attested to the high levels of stress and burnout. This study examined comparative levels of stress among inpatient and community mental health staff across five European countries.Using a quasi experimental pre‐test post‐test design, data was collected from staff at baseline, six months and 12 months. This paper examines data from the baseline period. Staff working in acute inpatient wards and community mental health teams in Denmark (Aarhus, Storstrøm), Finland (Tampere), Norway (Bodo), Poland (Warsaw) and the UK (Cambridge), were asked to complete the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) (Maslach, & Jackson, 1986), the Mental Health Professional Stress Scale (Cushway, Tyler & Nolan, 1996) and a demographic questionnaire designed for this study. Results on the MBI are reported in this article. Both community and inpatient teams reported high levels of burnout. There was evidence to suggest that burnout differed by site but not by team type. The English teams scored highest in emotional exhaustion and depersonalisation. Relatively high levels of work‐related personal accomplishment were reported across all of the sites.



Hill, R., Ryan, P., Hardy, P., Anczewska, M., Kurek, A., Dawson, I., Laijarvi, H., Nielson, K., Nybourg, K., Rokku, I. and Turner, C. (2006), "Situational levels of burnout among staff in six European inpatient and community mental health teams", The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, Vol. 1 No. 1, pp. 12-21.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2006, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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