The need for cognitive profiles based on neuropsychological assessments to drive individual education plans (IEPs) in forensic settings
The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice
Article publication date: 30 November 2012
Many people within secure forensic settings are expected to take part in psycho‐educational programmes as part of their treatment and rehabilitation. Many are hampered in their progress due to cognitive difficulties. This paper aims to outline the scale of the problem and to offer potential solutions.
The numbers of people who are placed in secure settings with known neuropsychological difficulties and the range of their cognitive problems are explored. It is proposed that individual education plans based on neuropsychological profiles together with guidance on the preparation and delivery of educational materials could improve the efficacy of psycho‐educational programmes.
Many people within the secure forensic estate have neuropsychological deficits. Many have suffered traumatic or other acquired brain injury or have deficits associated with substance misuse or even childhood emotional trauma. Others have cognitive difficulties specific to their mental health and occasionally their prescribed medication. A significant number will have intellectual disability (IQ<70) or be within the borderline range (IQ between 70 and 79).
Understanding neuropsychological difficulties would mean that best use is made of the psycho‐educational materials presented, thus speeding up and improving the efficacy of the rehabilitation process and potentially reducing the risk that the person poses to themselves and others. There are resources, which offer guidance to teachers of children with neuropsychological difficulties but not for the adolescent and adult forensic population. This paper addresses this gap.
Lowings, G. and Wicks, B. (2012), "The need for cognitive profiles based on neuropsychological assessments to drive individual education plans (IEPs) in forensic settings", The Journal of Mental Health Training, Education and Practice, Vol. 7 No. 4, pp. 180-188. https://doi.org/10.1108/17556221211287190
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