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Predictors of work‐family enrichment: moderating effect of core self‐evaluations

Rupashree Baral (Department of Management Studies, IIT Madras, Chennai, India)
Shivganesh Bhargava (Shailesh J. Mehta School of Management, IIT Bombay, Mumbai, India)

Journal of Indian Business Research

ISSN: 1755-4195

Article publication date: 11 October 2011




The purpose of this paper is to examine core self‐evaluations (CSEs), family support, co‐worker support, supervisor support, job characteristics, work‐life balance policies (WLBPs) and work‐family culture as the predictors of work‐to‐family enrichment (WFE) and family‐to‐work enrichment (FWE) and explore the moderating effect of CSEs.


Data were collected through a questionnaire survey from 485 employees from six organizations in India representing manufacturing, telecommunications and information technology sectors and were analyzed using hierarchical multiple regressions.


Supervisor support, job characteristics, WLBPs and work‐family culture predicted WFE. CSEs, family support and job characteristics predicted FWE. Little moderating influence of CSEs was found. It moderated the relationship between supervisor support and WFE.

Research limitations/implications

The cross‐sectional design of the study constrains inferring conclusions regarding causality.

Practical implications

This study indicates that from an organizational perspective, involvement in family roles should not be viewed as a hindrance, since it can also benefit employees at work. Employee assistance programs may be introduced to help employees develop the necessary skills and adaptability to increase their work‐family enrichment experience.


The construct work‐family enrichment examined in this paper reflects an understanding of work‐family interface from a newer lens in a novel socio‐cultural context and demonstrates the moderating role of CSEs.



Baral, R. and Bhargava, S. (2011), "Predictors of work‐family enrichment: moderating effect of core self‐evaluations", Journal of Indian Business Research, Vol. 3 No. 4, pp. 220-243.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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