Growth and environmental pollution: empirical evidence from China

George E. Halkos (Operations Research Laboratory and Department of Economics, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece)
Nickolaos G. Tzeremes (Department of Economics, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece)

Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies

ISSN: 1754-4408

Publication date: 4 October 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The rapid economic growth of China has attracted the attention of economists, researchers and politicians. China is one of the largest economies in the world, with its gross domestic product (GDP) rising on an average above 9 percent. This economic growth is considered responsible for environmental degradation, which appears to be the most significant problem that economic growth causes. The purpose of this paper is to explore China's carbon emissions during 1960‐2006, focusing on the role of growth, trade and the value added by various sectors.

Design/methodology/approach

Using time series data, this paper investigates China's carbon emissions during 1960‐2006, with particular focus on the direct role of growth and in connection to trade and the value added by various sectors such as agriculture, industry and services.

Findings

The authors' empirical results indicate the presence of an inverted U‐shaped curve between CO2 emissions and growth represented by the GDP per capita. Trade seems to be an important determinant in this relationship.

Practical implications

Such empirical findings provide evidence for policy implications regarding the role of growth, trade and the value added by the various sectors of the economy on environmental degradation.

Originality/value

This study is the first effort to explore the associated implications of growth, trade and the effect of the various sectors' value added on environmental damage in an environmental Kuznets curve framework.

Keywords

Citation

Halkos, G. and Tzeremes, N. (2011), "Growth and environmental pollution: empirical evidence from China", Journal of Chinese Economic and Foreign Trade Studies, Vol. 4 No. 3, pp. 144-157. https://doi.org/10.1108/17544401111178195

Download as .RIS

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Please note you might not have access to this content

You may be able to access this content by login via Shibboleth, Open Athens or with your Emerald account.
If you would like to contact us about accessing this content, click the button and fill out the form.
To rent this content from Deepdyve, please click the button.