Improvement of Sigma level of a foundry: a case study

Sushil Kumar (Mechanical Engineering Department, Indo‐Global College of Engineering, Abhipur, India)
P.S. Satsangi (Mechanical Engineering Department, PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India)
D.R. Prajapati (Mechanical Engineering Department, PEC University of Technology, Chandigarh, India)

The TQM Journal

ISSN: 1754-2731

Publication date: 4 January 2013



The purpose of this paper is to explore Six Sigma practices in a casting industry, that could improve the green sand casting process in a foundry by reducing the casting defects. The goal was to determine which variables influenced this evolution and the relative weight of critical success factors as the methodology developed.


The DMAIC (Define, Measurement, Analyze, Improve, and Control)‐based Six Sigma approach is implemented to improve the green sand casting process and has made the process more robust to quality variations. Analysis of various critical process parameters of the melt shop is also carried out with the help of Taguchi's method of experimental design.


The proposed techniques optimized control factors, resulting in superior quality and stability of the green sand castings process, which contributes to minimizing the casting defects and improving the Sigma level of the industry.

Research limitations/implications

This study was carried out with some boundaries such as the number of castings of differential housings, available resources, time constraints, etc.

Practical implications

This paper is most valuable for the foundry industry, which can avail the direct benefit of Six Sigma results from the reduction in the number of defects due to improved casting processes and dispels the myths concerning the hardly ever use of Six Sigma in the casting industry.


The novelty of the paper lies in conducting a comparative study on the performance of a Six Sigma project. The paper will be valuable for quality professionals and management personnel in the casting industry.



Kumar, S., Satsangi, P. and Prajapati, D. (2013), "Improvement of Sigma level of a foundry: a case study", The TQM Journal, Vol. 25 No. 1, pp. 29-43.

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