Climate change in Oman: current knowledge and way forward

Mushtaque Ahmed (Center for Environmental Studies and Research (CESAR), Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman)
B.S. Choudri (Center for Environmental Studies and Research (CESAR), Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman)

Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues

ISSN: 1753-7983

Publication date: 2 November 2012

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to give professionals, researchers and policy makers in Oman and the region understanding of the climate change implications for better planning. The likely impacts will cause serious damage to the economy of Oman which already suffers from aridity, soil salinity, recurrent drought and water scarcity. This paper highlights the work being carried out and current knowledge and efforts being made in view of climate change challenges in Oman.

Design/methodology/approach

The paper is based on a literature review of texts and references sourced from scientific reports, research papers and other published documents by various national and international agencies.

Findings

Sultanate of Oman is vulnerable to the potential impacts of climate change, the most significant of which are increased average temperatures, less and more erratic precipitation, sea level rise (SLR) and desertification. Integrating climate change mitigation and adaptation in development strategies and policies is a must for a country like Oman which is at the early stage of economic and industrial development.

Research limitations/implications

It is not clear from existing data that any organized research effort is ongoing in Oman to tackle various climate change related issues. There are number of projects undertaken may look impressive but none of the projects was taken up as a direct response to climate change concerns. A small and scattered number of research studies have been published in the field of climate change, and there are many gaps that still need to be filled in the future, especially pertaining to the vulnerability of water resources, agriculture, and biodiversity of Oman.

Originality/value

The paper offers inputs for researchers, policy makers and other stakeholders on issues related to climate change and its management in Oman and the region.

Keywords

Citation

Ahmed, M. and Choudri, B.S. (2012), "Climate change in Oman: current knowledge and way forward", Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, Vol. 5 No. 4, pp. 228-236. https://doi.org/10.1108/17537981211284416

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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