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Towards understanding female entrepreneurship in Middle Eastern and North African countries: A cross‐country comparison of female entrepreneurship

Hala Hattab (The British University in Egypt, Cairo, Egypt)

Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues

ISSN: 1753-7983

Article publication date: 14 September 2012

Abstract

Purpose

Over the past 30 years there has been an increase in the number of women turning to self‐employment and business ownership. Middle Eastern women were no exception and increasingly are pursuing entrepreneurship and have become a phenomenon that requires in‐depth study and analysis. The purpose of this paper is to shed light on women entrepreneurs in terms of entrepreneurial activity rates, entrepreneurial orientations, demographics and their enterprise characteristics in the Middle East and North Africa (MENA) countries.

Design/methodology/approach

The approach utilised is a combination of the literature pertinent to women's entrepreneurship in MENA with the findings of the Global Entrepreneurship Monitor's research for 2008‐2009.

Findings

More women are turning into entrepreneurship in Middle East; however, their percentage is still low compared to their male counterparts.

Research limitations/implications

One of the main limitations was the lack of literature discussing women entrepreneurship in the Middle Eastern context and reliable statistics.

Originality/value

This paper is one of few papers discussing and comparing women entrepreneurs in eight Middle Eastern countries, along with their enterprises.

Keywords

Citation

Hattab, H. (2012), "Towards understanding female entrepreneurship in Middle Eastern and North African countries: A cross‐country comparison of female entrepreneurship", Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, Vol. 5 No. 3, pp. 171-186. https://doi.org/10.1108/17537981211265561

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited