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Cohesiveness within teamwork: the relationship to performance effectiveness – case study

Khalid Al‐Rawi (College of Business Administration, Al‐Ain University of Science and Technology, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates)

Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues

ISSN: 1753-7983

Article publication date: 30 May 2008

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to explore the nature and the function of teamwork cohesiveness in organizations in the UAE.

Design/methodology/approach

While many organizations are successful at managing the materials and machinery of the organization, they fall short in managing the human side of their business. This research addresses and assesses how teams can progress to be of maximum use through teamwork and to view teams as performing organizational units which is similar to other studies that focus on teamwork processes. Teamwork cohesiveness is defined as a small number of people with complimentary skills who are committed to common purposes, performance goals, and approaches for which they hold themselves mutually accountable. These include being a team player with participation propensity, cooperative behaviors, and leadership skills. A model was tested, relating teamwork cohesiveness with intelligence and skills; reduce conflict, and 2D of organizational commitment, i.e. value, and performance. Survey data from 76 teams (n=294) were collected in three industrial institutions in the UAE.

Findings

The results are supportive of a multi‐component structure for cohesiveness and of its importance to the functioning of teams and organizations. Teamwork cohesiveness appeared strongly related with team member's attitudes towards the organization. Cohesiveness between team members was positively associated with value commitment and negatively with performance commitment. In addition, intelligence and skills appeared strongly related to team satisfaction.

Originality/value

The paper offers insights into cohesiveness within teamwork.

Keywords

Citation

Al‐Rawi, K. (2008), "Cohesiveness within teamwork: the relationship to performance effectiveness – case study", Education, Business and Society: Contemporary Middle Eastern Issues, Vol. 1 No. 2, pp. 92-106. https://doi.org/10.1108/17537980810890284

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited