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Working women work‐life conflict

Muhammad Shakil Ahmad (Lecturer in the Department of Management Sciences, COMSATS Institute of Information Technology, Attock, Pakistan and Faculty of Management and HRD, Universiti Technologi Malaysia, Malaysia)
Zainab Fakhr (Lecturer at London Metropolitan Business School, London Metropolitan University, London, UK)
Jalil Ahmed (Academic Leader at London Metropolitan Business School, London Metropolitan University, London, UK)

Business Strategy Series

ISSN: 1751-5637

Article publication date: 8 November 2011




Working women being housewives have to face major problems. They have to trade off between work domain and family life domain, in perspective sector and area chosen. This study investigates the factors behind work‐life conflict experienced by women with responsibilities and type of work arrangement experienced


The study is conducted by exploring the responses of 100 women working in 25 different banks (public as well as private banks) in non‐contrived environment using random sampling in Attock and Islamabad cities of Pakistan. Regression and correlation is used for statistical analysis


The impact of women's earning potentials, household responsibilities, workplace environment and financial needs is analyzed on women work‐life conflict. Results from the study indicate that household responsibilities and workplace environment are strongly correlated to women work‐life conflict. Response rate is 75 percent and all the values for Cronbach Alpha are agreeable. Women earning potential and workplace environment are negatively related while household responsibilities and financial needs are positively correlated to women work‐life conflict

Research limitations/implications

This research selected sample from only two cities Pakistan i.e. Attock and Islamabad. Future studies could select other cities and compare results with city of selected sample. This research used random sampling procedure, which is the main limitation of this study. Future studies could use stratified random sampling procedure with more sample size.

Practical implications

It is hoped that the findings of this study will assist the human resource managers, practitioners and strategy makers to better understand women problems.


The added value of this paper is to link theory and practice, and explore the working women life conflict with job environment. Few studies have conducted over the years under this perspective in the Pakistan.



Shakil Ahmad, M., Fakhr, Z. and Ahmed, J. (2011), "Working women work‐life conflict", Business Strategy Series, Vol. 12 No. 6, pp. 289-302.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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