To read this content please select one of the options below:

Organizational culture as a moderator of the personality‐managerial competency relationship: A study of primary care managers in Southern Thailand

Nirachon Chuttipattana (College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia)
Faridahwati Mohd. Shamsudin (College of Business, Universiti Utara Malaysia, Kedah, Malaysia)

Leadership in Health Services

ISSN: 1751-1879

Article publication date: 2 May 2011




The purpose of this paper is to examine the moderating or contingent effect of organizational culture on the relationship between the personality and managerial competencies of primary care managers in Thailand.


A survey involving distribution of questionnaires to 358 rural primary care managers in southern Thailand was conducted. Self‐reported measures on personality, managerial competency and organizational culture constructs, adopted from previous research, were employed. Exploratory factor analysis, confirmatory factor analysis, and hierarchical multiple regressions were used for data analysis.


Humanistic, prescriptive, and leadership culture moderated significantly the relationship between conscientiousness and specific dimensions of managerial competency, i.e. partnership, collaboration, and visionary leadership. In particular, the study found that managers seemed to be demonstrating the highest level of such competencies when they scored high on conscientiousness and worked in an environment that emphasizes a high humanistic culture, high leadership culture, and low prescriptive culture.

Research limitations/implications

The findings may be generalizable to any people working in primary care who have a responsibility to engage people in their own care. Further research could be done in other countries to see whether this conclusion is in fact correct. It would also be useful to research whether the findings apply to other health and social areas.

Practical implications

Specific personality traits have an influence on managerial competency within certain organizational cultures. A humanistic and leadership culture should be fostered in primary health care units. Focusing on developing conscientiousness in managers should not be overlooked. Relevant training development programs may be important.


This study argues that the effects of personality on managerial competency are moderated by organizational culture. The findings will be useful to policy makers and those responsible in human development, particularly, health care managers.



Chuttipattana, N. and Shamsudin, F.M. (2011), "Organizational culture as a moderator of the personality‐managerial competency relationship: A study of primary care managers in Southern Thailand", Leadership in Health Services, Vol. 24 No. 2, pp. 118-134.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Related articles