Integrating Barnard's and contemporary views of industrial relations and HRM

Milorad M. Novicevic (University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi, USA)
Mario Hayek (University of Mississippi, University, Mississippi, USA)
Tony Fang (York University, Toronto, Canada)

Journal of Management History

ISSN: 1751-1348

Publication date: 11 January 2011



The purpose of this paper is to juxtapose the contemporary views of industrial relations (IR) and human resource management (HRM) with the ideas expressed by Chester Barnard.


The paper analyzes Chester Barnard's views along the four premises that underlie contemporary perspectives on the fields of IR and HRM.


Barnard's main points: that sincerity and honesty of management is crucial to developing an individual employee's will to collaborate, and that collective cooperation is superior to collective bargaining are found to resonate well with the contemporary views and provide a clear indication for Barnard's preference of human resource perspective to the IR perspective.

Practical implications

This paper provides Barnard's practical insights into why managing IR and HR by policies leads to poor management.


This paper is the first to recognize Barnard's unique contribution to contemporary perspectives on IR and HRM disciplines.



Novicevic, M., Hayek, M. and Fang, T. (2011), "Integrating Barnard's and contemporary views of industrial relations and HRM", Journal of Management History, Vol. 17 No. 1, pp. 126-138.

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Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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