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Electricity market equilibrium of thermal and wind generating plants in emission trading environment

Binbin Xun (School of Electrical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China)
Fushuan Wen (School of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, People's Republic of China School of Engineering Systems, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, Australia)
Shulin Tong (School of Electrical Engineering, South China University of Technology, Guangzhou, People's Republic of China)

International Journal of Energy Sector Management

ISSN: 1750-6220

Article publication date: 13 September 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to investigate the gaming equilibrium among fossil‐fueled generation companies (GenCos), wind generation companies, the grid company and customers participating in an emission trading (ET) market and the day‐ahead electricity market.

Design/methodology/approach

The complementarity method is used in this work to obtain the Nash equilibrium. By combining the Karush‐Kuhn‐Tucker (KKT) conditions of each kind of market participants with market clearing and consistency conditions, a mixed linear complementarity problem could be established.

Findings

Simulation results show that: the enforcement of ET could increase the share of generation outputs of wind generation units, and decrease the emissions from fossil‐fueled generation units; the bilateral contracts between GenCos and customers could limit the ability of exercising market power by GenCos; and when the emissions allowances allocated by the government shrink, the price of emissions allowance will increase and as the result the dispatching order of fossil‐fueled generation units will change, and the shares of generation outputs from wind generation units and combined‐cycle gas turbines increase. However, it should be mentioned that because the cost of wind generation is still very high, the increase of the share from wind generation units in the electricity market should mainly rely on cost reduction rather than the enforcement of ET.

Originality/value

The original contribution and the value of this study lie in developing a model framework to explore the gaming equilibrium that thermal and wind generating plants both play in the emissions trading environment and electricity market.

Keywords

Citation

Xun, B., Wen, F. and Tong, S. (2011), "Electricity market equilibrium of thermal and wind generating plants in emission trading environment", International Journal of Energy Sector Management, Vol. 5 No. 3, pp. 416-435. https://doi.org/10.1108/17506221111169908

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited