Resource configuration and creative practices of community entrepreneurs

Odd Jarl Borch (Bodø Graduate School of Business, Bodø, Norway)
Anniken Førde (Tromsø University, Tromsø, Norway)
Lars Rønning (Nordland Research Institute, Bodø, Norway)
Ingebjørg Kluken Vestrum (Nordland Research Institute, Bodø, Norway)
Gry Agnete Alsos (Nordland Research Institute, Bodø, Norway)

Abstract

Purpose

This paper aims to focus on the role of the community entrepreneur and the process of community entrepreneurship. It seeks to emphasize the social context as critical for gaining access to the resources needed by a community venture and elaborates on the action pattern of the community entrepreneur towards raising critical resources from the environment.

Design/methodology/approach

The analysis is based on a longitudinal field study of community entrepreneurs in four Norwegian rural municipalities. The data consists of interviews, observations, and documents.

Findings

Community entrepreneurs create local arenas and thereby facilitate cooperative entrepreneurial action, through bridging social capital. The actors are part of these community contexts and are involved in a range of reciprocal relations. Thus, the actors' creative practices toward the community have to run parallel with the resource configuration process.

Research limitations/implications

Future studies may provide a broader empirical platform in different communities, and take part in the process for a longer time period. One may also develop comparative studies focusing on the basic resource platform, the action pattern, and the performance of the different social ventures.

Practical implications

A major finding is that government support should be flexible and develop tools “tailored” to the characteristics of the rural communities. The combined resources of the entrepreneurs, social networks, and more formal institutions create more ambitious results.

Originality/value

The paper contributes to the field of entrepreneurship by studying community entrepreneurs and their entrepreneurial ventures. Further, an integration of a resource configuration approach and a practice‐oriented approach gives an increased understanding to the community venture creation process.

Keywords

Citation

Jarl Borch, O., Førde, A., Rønning, L., Kluken Vestrum, I. and Agnete Alsos, G. (2008), "Resource configuration and creative practices of community entrepreneurs", Journal of Enterprising Communities: People and Places in the Global Economy, Vol. 2 No. 2, pp. 100-123. https://doi.org/10.1108/17506200810879943

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Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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