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Sustainable tourism certification and state capacity: keep it local, simple, and fuzzy

Kirk S. Bowman (Associate Professor at the Sam Nunn School of International Affairs, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA)

International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research

ISSN: 1750-6182

Article publication date: 9 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to examine the state of sustainable tourism certification in developing countries and to present methodological and practical critiques and improvements.

Design/methodology/approach

The study uses methodological refinements of fuzzy logic and comparative analysis based on fieldwork in seven countries.

Findings

Sustainable tourism programs should be locally designed with local logos, largely performance‐based, and aggregation should be based on fuzzy logic concepts of necessary and jointly sufficient attributes of sustainable tourism.

Originality/value

The paper uses political science concepts of state capacity and methodological advances of fuzzy logic to provide keys for successful sustainable tourism certification programs in developing countries.

Keywords

Citation

Bowman, K.S. (2011), "Sustainable tourism certification and state capacity: keep it local, simple, and fuzzy", International Journal of Culture, Tourism and Hospitality Research, Vol. 5 No. 3, pp. 269-281. https://doi.org/10.1108/17506181111156961

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited