Rural to Urban Migration: A District‐Level Analysis for India

Arup Mitra (Institute of Economic Grown, Delhi University Enclave, India)
Mayumi Murayama (Institute of Developing Economics Chiba, Japan)

International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care

ISSN: 1747-9894

Publication date: 9 November 2009


Using the 2001 Census data, this paper analyses district‐level rural‐to‐urban migration rates (both intra‐state and inter‐state) among males and females separately. Though many of the relatively poor and backward states actually show large population mobility, male migration is also prominent in the relatively high‐income states. Rural women, on the other hand, usually migrate within the boundaries of the states. The social networks effects are prevalent among the short‐distance migrants, and the North/South divide in the Indian context is indeed a significant phenomenon, with the exception of a few metropolitan cities. Looking at the effect of factors at the place of destination, prospects for better job opportunities are a major determinant of male migration. Low castes, minority groups and women show network effects. The paper finally brings out the effect of migration on health.



Mitra, A. and Murayama, M. (2009), "Rural to Urban Migration: A District‐Level Analysis for India", International Journal of Migration, Health and Social Care, Vol. 5 No. 2, pp. 35-52.

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