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A new direction for CSR: the shortcomings of previous CSR models and the rationale for a new model

Jane Claydon (Sociology Department, University of Sussex, Brighton, UK)

Social Responsibility Journal

ISSN: 1747-1117

Article publication date: 2 August 2011




This paper aims to take the reader on a journey through the development of CSR since it first emerged in the 1940s, through to contemporary models of CSR.


By drawing on existing CSR literature the achievements and gaps of CSR are demonstrated. The literature review focuses on a small selection of important CSR models, referencing the most iconic from the last few decades.


Existing CSR models are critiqued as being insufficient in providing an adequate understanding of CSR. It is asserted that a more efficient model of CSR is required and a new model of CSR is proposed, which is more relevant to and reflective of the present day business environment. The model of “consumer‐driven corporate responsibility” (CDCR) is founded on the notion that consumer demand for CSR is both the most likely and the most effective driver for the implementation of CSR in a company.

Research limitations/implications

As CSR is rapidly evolving, undoubtedly models will be created after this paper was written, that, for this reason, are out of the scope of this review.

Practical implications

This paper provides an alternative, more comprehensive and more effective model of CSR, useful as a tool for academics and business leaders alike.


As the model of CDCR focuses on the conditions under which companies are most likely to adopt CSR from both a descriptive and normative perspective, it is proposed as being a more suitable approach to CSR.



Claydon, J. (2011), "A new direction for CSR: the shortcomings of previous CSR models and the rationale for a new model", Social Responsibility Journal, Vol. 7 No. 3, pp. 405-420.



Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited

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