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Effects of international collaboration and knowledge moderation on China's nanotechnology research impacts

Li Tang (School of Public Economics and Administration, Shanghai University of Finance and Economics, Shanghai, China and School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA)
Philip Shapira (Manchester Institute of Innovation Research, Manchester Business School, University of Manchester, Manchester, UK and School of Public Policy, Georgia Institute of Technology, Atlanta, Georgia, USA)

Journal of Technology Management in China

ISSN: 1746-8779

Article publication date: 10 February 2012

Abstract

Purpose

Recent studies report that China is becoming a leading nation in the quantity of scientific output, including in the emerging field of nanotechnology. In nanotechnology, bibliometric measures based on citations also indicate improvements in the research impacts of Chinese scientific papers. The purpose of this paper is to examine the effects of international collaboration, including the role of knowledge moderation through Chinese researchers who collaborate in both domestic and international scientific cooperation, on the impacts of Chinese nanotechnology research publications.

Design/methodology/approach

Using a nanotechnology publication dataset, bibliometric analysis and statistical testing are adopted to explore the issues raised in the study.

Findings

International collaboration, through direct collaboration and indirectly through Chinese knowledge moderators, has a positive impact on the quality of Chinese research, controlling for language, discipline, research capacity, and other factors.

Originality/value

The concept of a Chinese knowledge moderator is introduced to identify Chinese researchers who bridge scientific worlds by publishing scientific papers with both domestic and international colleagues. This concept is operationalized to capture the indirect impacts in China of international knowledge linkages and spillovers including those associated with overseas Chinese researchers and with overseas returnees.

Keywords

Citation

Tang, L. and Shapira, P. (2012), "Effects of international collaboration and knowledge moderation on China's nanotechnology research impacts", Journal of Technology Management in China, Vol. 7 No. 1, pp. 94-110. https://doi.org/10.1108/17468771211207376

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2012, Emerald Group Publishing Limited