To read the full version of this content please select one of the options below:

Childhood maltreatment and mental disorders among Finnish prisoners

Päivi Viitanen (Päivi Viitanen is Chief Physician, Prison Hospital, Health Care Services, Criminal Sanctions Agency, Hämeenlinna, Finland)
Heikki Vartiainen (Medical Director, Health Care Services, Criminal Sanctions Agency, Hämeenlinna, Finland)
Jorma Aarnio (Chief Physician of Polyclinics, Health Care Services, Criminal Sanctions Agency, Hämeenlinna, Finland)
Virpi von Gruenewaldt (former Supervisor of Health Services, with Health Care Services, Criminal Sanctions Agency, Hämeenlinna, Finland)
Tomi Lintonen (Research Director and Secretary of the Finnish Foundation for Alcohol Studies, Helsinki, Finland)
Aino K. Mattila (Adjunct Professor at the School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland)
Terhi Wuolijoki (Physician with Health Care Services, Criminal Sanctions Agency, Hämeenlinna, Finland)
Matti Joukamaa (Professor of Social Psychiatry, School of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Finland)

International Journal of Prisoner Health

ISSN: 1744-9200

Article publication date: 17 August 2011

Abstract

Purpose

In a health survey of Finnish prisoners in 2006, the authors aimed to study frequency and gender differences in childhood physical and sexual abuse, and the connections of maltreatment in childhood to substance abuse and mental health among female and male prisoners.

Design/methodology/approach

The sample consisted of 101 female prisoners, with 309 male prisoners for comparison. The subjects participated in a comprehensive field study consisting of several questionnaires, interviews, the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM‐IV Axis I and II Disorders (SCID I, II) and a clinical medical examination including ICD‐10 diagnoses.

Findings

Both forms of abuse were more common among females than males (childhood physical abuse 25 per cent versus 15 per cent and childhood sexual abuse 32 per cent versus 7 per cent). Associations of childhood abuse with substance abuse and mental health were different among males and females. Family integrity was important only for males and in connection with drug dependence and antisocial personality disorder. The gender differences did not concur with those reported in studies on general populations.

Originality/value

This is a part of the first comprehensive health survey of Finnish prisoners.

Keywords

Citation

Viitanen, P., Vartiainen, H., Aarnio, J., von Gruenewaldt, V., Lintonen, T., Mattila, A.K., Wuolijoki, T. and Joukamaa, M. (2011), "Childhood maltreatment and mental disorders among Finnish prisoners", International Journal of Prisoner Health, Vol. 7 No. 4, pp. 17-25. https://doi.org/10.1108/17449201111256871

Publisher

:

Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2011, Emerald Group Publishing Limited