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Ontology mediated XML data translation

Kai Yang (Department of Computer Systems, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia)
Amanda Lo (Department of Computer Systems, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia)
Robert Steele (Department of Computer Systems, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia)

International Journal of Web Information Systems

ISSN: 1744-0084

Article publication date: 20 June 2008

Abstract

Purpose

The purpose of this paper is to address problems that exist in the context of XML to ontology translation. Existing research results dealing with XML to ontology translation do not facilitate bidirectional data translation due to the fundamental differences between XML schema and ontologies. This paper proposes a mapping representation ontology for modeling concept mappings defined between XML schema and ontology, enabling data translation without any information loss.

Design/methodology/approach

A two‐step compensation approach is proposed that aims to prevent the loss of data type, structural and relational information during any single trip data translation. The mapping representation ontology proposed is capable in capturing enough information to compensate the loss of information during translation, hence allowing bidirectional conversions between XML and ontology.

Findings

Fundamental differences between XML schema and ontology are identified as the main reason causing the loss of information during data translation. A compensation approach that captures a sufficient amount of concept mapping information data translation is found to be successful in enabling lossless data transformation.

Practical implications

Outcomes from this work allow for the seamless data translation between XML documents, it demonstrates how web applications can seamlessly communicate and exchange data with each other without the need to conform to a predefined data standard. This paper aims to enhance interoperability between distributed systems.

Originality/value

This paper presents a mapping ontology that captures concept mappings defined between XML schema and ontology. Two algorithms facilitating the bidirectional XML to ontology translation are also proposed.

Keywords

Citation

Yang, K., Lo, A. and Steele, R. (2008), "Ontology mediated XML data translation", International Journal of Web Information Systems, Vol. 4 No. 2, pp. 181-197. https://doi.org/10.1108/17440080810882360

Publisher

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Emerald Group Publishing Limited

Copyright © 2008, Emerald Group Publishing Limited